APUSH Chapter 22

42 terms by icecrystals 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Purchase of Alaska

(1867) purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million, instigated by William Steward. Was significant because it ridded the continent of another foreign power.

William Steward

(1866) Secretary of State who demanded that the french withdraw from Mexico, and moved 50,000 troops to the Rio Grande until the french left. Also instigated the purchase of Alaska, Midway Islands, and annexed Hawaii and the Dominican Republic.

Midway Islands

(1867) a group of islands in the western pacific purchased by William Steward.

Darwin's theories

theories that became applicable in the time in international relations; took on the ideas of manifest destiny

John Fiske

darwinist historian who argued that the US democratic system was clearly the "fittest," and it would eventually spread worldwide.

Josiah Strong

(1885) author of Our Country; found racist and religious justifications for expansion, based on the theory of evolution.

Alfred Thayer Mahan

captain and author of two books, who developed the theory that with a big modern navy, the US would be good in war, prosperous out of war, and be able to annex places in the Caribbean and make them colonies.

"Influence of Sea Power Upon History"

(1890) Alfred Thayer Mahan's book showing how in the past, nations with good navys were prosperous, etc. Went o prove his theory.

Henry Cabot Lodge

Massachusetts congressman and member of the Naval Affairs Commitee who pushed a warship-making act, pressed for expansionist policies based on Mahan, and advocated to expand and modernize the US naval fleet.

Pearl Harbor

(1887) US naval base in Hawaii that the US obtained through a reciprocity treaty.

McKinley Tariff Act of 1890

act discontinuing the duty on raw sugar which hurt Hawaiians because it destroyed the advantage they gained through the reciprocity treaty.

Queen Liliuokalanai

a nationalist queen who attempted to rule Hawaii as an absolute monarch. This caused the americans to stage a coup, deposing the queen and setting up a provisional government.

Clayton-Bulwer Treaty

(1850) treaty between US and Great Britain agreeing that neither nation would exclusively control an inter-oceanic canal. Britain violated this by hiring someone to build them a canal, and the US threatened to do things that would also violate the treaty.

General Valeriano Weyler

(1896) Spanish governor of Cuba who placed the rural population in reconcentration camps to deprive the rebels of recruits and thus keep himself in power.

reconcentration camps

the spanish refugee camps into which cuban farmers were herded to prevent them from providing assistance to rebels fighting for Cuban independance from Spain.

Joseph Pulitzer

owner of the New York World, who published about the atrocities in Cuba to keep resentment alive and increase his newspaper circulation in the midst of competition.

William Randolph Hearst

owner of the New York Journal, who published about the atrocities in Cuba to keep resentment alive and thus keep his newpaper competitive.

Depuy de Lome letter

letter from spanish minister de Lome to someone in Cuba, which was intercepted and published in te New York Journal. It insulted McKinley and his efforts in Cuba, leading to de Lome's hasty resignation.

USS Maine

(1898) boat that exploded and sand in Cuba, killing many americans. Americans believed it was the Spainards doing, and pressed for war, revelaing US anti-spanish feelings.

Teller Amendment

(1898) a rider to the war resolution with Spain whereby Congress pledged that it did not intend to annex Cuba, and that it would recognize Cuba's independance from Spain.

Admiral Dewey

admiral who suprise attacked and took over Manila Bay in the first action of the Spanish American War.

Rough Riders

name of the army regiments made up of volunteers, who scrambled for supplies, shoving aside other regiments if need be. Teddy Roosevelt led one.

Teddy Roosevelt

leutenant colonel of a group of Rough Riders, who fought in the Spanish Amerian war.

Treaty of Paris

(1898) treaty that ended the Spanish American war. Provided that Cuba be free from Spain.

anti-imperialists

those who opposed annexation of the Phillipines, declaring it unconstitutional to do so.

William Jennings Bryan

leader of the Democrats, who opposed and could have convinced others to oppose, the ratification of annexing the Phillipines. However, he said yes so there would be no further war with Spain.

Phillipine Insurrection

(1899) a reblling of the Phillipines, which US soldiers responded to by sneak attacking, torturing, etc. the Phillipine people.

Emilio Aguinaldo

the man who worked with Dewey to overthrow Spainish rule of the Phillipines, but who later rebelled against the US during the Phillipine Insurrection.

Foraker Act

(1900) act establishing a civil government for Puerto Rico, which was neither fully american nor fully independant. Also placed a tariff on Puerto Rican products coming into the US.

Downes vs. Bidwell

(1901) Supreme Court case in which the Foraker tariff was challenged on the grounds that Puerto Rico was part of the US. The ruling upheld the duty.

Platt Amendment

(1901) a law which stipulatd the conditions for the withdrawal of US forces from Cuba; it also transferred the ownership of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay to the US.

Naval base in Cuba

a stipulation of the Platt amendment that gave the US ownership of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.

Roosevelt Corollary

(1904) an addition to the Monroe Doctrine, propounded by President Roosevelt, asserting that the US had a right to intervene in the internal affairs of Latin American nations that had become unstable. Made US the "hemisphere policeman."

Open Door Policy

(1899) a policy propounded by Secretary of State John Hay affirming the territorial integrity of China and a policy of free trade.

Boxer Rebellion

the chinese rebellion in which the chinese nationalists drove all foreigners under seige. International rescuers had to come and save these foreigners.

Gentleman's Agreement

(1907) agreement in which the Japanese promised not to issue passports to laborers seeking to come to the US, in return for no Japanese segregation in the US.

Treaty of Portsmouth

(1905) treaty that ended the Russian Japanese War. Russia and Japan had to give up Manchuria, and each got back and lost some land, etc.

Hay-Pauncefote Treaty

(1901) treaty getting rid of the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty; allowed the US to build a waterway as long as all other nations could use it.

Hay-Herran Treaty

(1903) treaty that, had it been ratified, would have provided the US with a lease on a strip of land in Panama for $10 million and additional annual payments to Columbia.

Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty

(1903) treaty that granted the US land to build the Panama canal in exchange for $10 million and annual payments to Panama. Occured shortly after Panama's independance.

Dollar diplomacy

President Taft's policy that promoted US economic penetration to underdeveloped nations, especially in Latin America. It sought to strengthen US influence without use of US troops or control.

imperialism without colonies

Americas shortlived imperialistic time in which the US pursued a course that promoted economic penetration of underdeveloped areas without the trouble of owning and controlling them.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set