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8th Grade Chapter Test Review

Aaron Burr

...

Alexander Hamilton

- 1st Secretary of Treasury under George Washington
- Developed the Bank of the United States
- Wrote the Federalist Papers, which supported ratification of the Constitution

Andrew Ellicot

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Anthony Wayne

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Arthur St. Clair

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Benjamin Banneker

An African American mathematician and astronomer. He was hired by Thomas Jefferson to help survey land for the new capital in Washington, DC.

Edmond Genet

- France's representative to the US/diplomat
- he asked American sailors to help France fight Britain by commanding privateers
- Washington told Genet that violated U.S. Neutrality

Edmond Randolph

Was part of the 1st cabinet as Attorney General

George Washington

- 1st president of the United States
- elected for 2 terms
- Revolutionary War hero and Patriot leader
- served as a representative to Congress
- Commanded the Continental Army

Henry Knox

- Was part of the 1st cabinet as Washington's Secretary of War

James Madison

- 4th president of United States
- Considered to be the "Father of the Constitution"
- delegate to the Constitutional Convention
- Author to some of the Federalist Papers
- led the states through the War of 1812
- like Jefferson, opposed the plan for a national bank

John Adams

- a delegate to the Continental Congress
- a member of the committee that drafted the Declaration of Independence
- vice president to George washington
- 2nd president of the United States
- settled the XYZ Affair with diplomacy and avoided war with France

John Jay

- Member of the Congress
- Wrote some of the Federalist Papers
- Negotiated Jay's Treaty with Great Britain to settle outstanding disputes

Josiah Harmar

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Little Turtle

- Miami chief who led a Native American alliance that raided settlements in the Northwest Territory
- Was defeated and forced to sign the treaty of Greenville
- Later became an advocate for peace

Manuel de Godoy

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Martha Washington

George Washington's wife. She was our countries 1st First Lady and knew she had to set a good example. She entertained guests and attended social events.

Pierre L'Enfante

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Thomas Jefferson

- Chairman of the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence
- The Declaration's main author and one of it's signers
- appointed as Secretary of State by Washington
- 3rd president of the United States
- A strict constructionist who wanted a weak central government, believed that state government should be stronger.
- favored the agricultural South
- opposed the plan for a national bank

Thomas Pinckney

US Ambassador who worked with Spain to negotiate a treaty over land west of the Appalachian Mountains

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