Chapter 3

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Study guide questions

restricted the power of local governments

Most states responded to the Kelo decision by passing laws that

all of the above

The text suggests federalism, or federal-state relations, looms behind

protect liberty

For the Founders, federalism was a device to

It granted supreme authority to a confederate to neither national nor state government

Which of the following statements about the federal system adopted at the Constitutional Convention is most accurate?

favor the decentralization of government power

Applying the principles of Thomas Jefferson to current political issues would probably dispose one to

the claimed authority of the states to declare a federal law void for violating the U.S. Constitution

The doctrine of nullification refers to

commerce

The doctrine of dual federalism grew out of a protracted debate on the subject of

sue in federal court

The Violence Against Women Act of 1994 was conspicuous because it allowed women who were the victims of gender-based violence to

did not substantially affect interstate commerce

In the United States v. Morrison, the Supreme Court ruled that violence against women

A unitary system

Which of the following allows national governments the right to alter or even abolish local government?

the commitment of Americans to the ideal of local government

One of the reasons that our local governments are independent of the national government is

state functions, although the federal government seeks to regulate them

In the United States, programs such as the interstate highway system and services to the unemployed are most accurately considered

racism

William H. Riker's somewhat startling conclusion is that the main effect of federalism since the Civil War has been

Recall

This procedure, which is in effect in over 20 states, permits voters to remove an elected official from office.

land grants

The first form of grant-in-aid to the states made by the federal government to the state governments was that of

How to get federal money into state hands without violating the U.S. Constitution

According to the text, the grant-in-aid system grew rapidly because it helped state and local officials resolve what dilemma?

Passage of the Fifteenth Amendment

Which of the following was not one of the reasons federal grants were attractive to state officials?

1960's

Federal officials' perceptions of national needs came to dominate the allocation of federal grants during the

local police chiefs

An example of an intergovernmental lobby would be a lobby comprising

provide matching funds

Categorical grants typically require that a state or locality

1960's

Block grants began in the mid

all of the above

Categorical grants were generally favored by

Categorical grants

What types of federal funds are most likely to be critical for an agency that depends on the federal government for its existence?

special committees of Congress

Categorical grants are supervised by

the environment

A 2006 study found that the highest number of unfunded mandates concerned

spends less

The text suggests that we might expect to find more mandates in policy areas where the government

education

According to the text, ____ waivers have generally been easy for state and local governments to get

Clinton

President ____ declared, in a State of the Union Address, that the era of big national government was over.

a reduction in welfare rolls

One clear impact of devolution is

the pension benefits of public employees

One long-term factor which has led to the recent destruction of state budget surpluses relates to

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