Beowulf Vocabulary

Created by bpaigebatson 

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67 terms · Vocabulary words extracted from the text of Beowulf

atheling

an Anglo-Saxon prince or nobleman; especially : the heir apparent or a prince of the royal family

flourish

1: to grow luxuriantly; thrive 2 a: to achieve success : prosper <a flourishing business> b: to be in a state of activity or production <flourished around 1850> c: to reach a height of development or influence 3: to make bold and sweeping gestures

encroach

1 : to enter by gradual steps or by stealth into the possessions or rights of another 2 : to advance beyond the usual or proper limits <the gradually encroaching sea>

prosper

1: to succeed in an enterprise or activity; especially : to achieve economic success 2: to become strong and flourishing

tribute

1: a payment by one ruler or nation to another in acknowledgment of submission or as the price of protection 2 a: something given or contributed voluntarily as due or deserved; especially : a gift or service showing respect, gratitude, or affection b: something (as material evidence or a formal attestation) that indicates the worth, virtue, or effectiveness of the one in question <the design is a tribute to his ingenuity>

bestow

1 : to put to use : apply <bestowed his spare time on study> 2 : to put in a particular or appropriate place : stow 3 : to provide with quarters : put up 4 : to convey as a gift —usually used with on or upon

wield

1: to deal successfully with : manage 2: to handle (as a tool) especially effectively <wield a broom> 3 a: to exert one's authority by means of <wield influence> b: have at one's command or disposal <did not wield appropriate credentials

accoutrement

1 a: equipment, trappings; specifically : a soldier's outfit usually not including clothes and weapons —usually used in plural b: an accessory item of clothing or equipment —usually used in plural 2: an identifying and often superficial characteristic or device —usually used in plural <accoutrements of power that define our diplomacy

hoard

(n) a supply or fund stored up and often hidden away (v) 1: to lay up a hoard of 2 : to keep (as one's thoughts) to oneself

patriarch

1 a: one of the scriptural fathers of the human race or of the Hebrew people b: a man who is father or founder c (1): the oldest member or representative of a group (2): a venerable old man d: a man who is head of a patriarchy

mead

a fermented beverage made of water and honey, malt, and yeast

pallet

1 : a straw-filled tick or mattress 2 : a small, hard, or temporary bed

glut

1 : to fill especially with food to satiety 2 : to flood (the market) with goods so that supply exceeds demand

lament

1 : to express sorrow, mourning, or regret for-- often demonstratively : mourn 2 : to regret strongly

foe

1: one who has personal enmity for another 2 a: an enemy in war b: adversary, opponent

affliction

the cause of persistent pain or distress ; great suffering

omen

an occurrence or phenomenon believed to portend a future event : augury

prow

1 : the bow of a ship : stem 2 : a pointed projecting front part

plough

chiefly British variant of plow; an implement used to cut, lift, and turn over soil especially in preparing a seedbed

belie

1 a: to give a false impression of b: to present an appearance not in agreement with 2 a: to show (something) to be false or wrong b: to run counter to : contradict

assailant

one who attacks violently with blows or words

chafe

to irritate or vex; to rub so as to wear away;

unscathed

wholly unharmed, not injured

ample

Of large or great size, amount, extent, or capacity; more than enough

oppression

the act of subjugating by cruelty; a feeling of being heavily weighed down in mind or body

venture

an undertaking that is dangerous, daring or of uncertain outcome; a business enterprise involving some risk in the expectation of gain

harrow

archaic: to plunder or sack; modern: a farm implement for plowing; to inflice great distress or torment on

dwindle

to become gradually less until little remains

dissuade

to turn away from, by persuation

loathsome

highly offensive, arousing aversion or disgust

undaunted

Not discouraged or disheartened; resolutely courageous

blithe

Carefree and lighthearted; showing a lack of due concern

embelllish

to make beautiful as by ornamentation; decorate: or to add ornamental or fictitious details to

gluttonous

given to excess in consumption, especially of food or drink; indulging in something to excess

intricate

having many complexly arranged elements

grisly

inspiring repugnance; gruesome

pliant

easily bent or flexible; pliable

flagging

declining; weakening

wield

to handle with skill and ease, often a tool or weapon

repertory

A place, such as a storehouse, where a stock of things is kept; a repository

lament

to express grief, sorrow, or regret

elicit

to bring out or draw forth

hasp

A metal fastener with a hinged slotted part that fits over a staple and is secured by a pin, bolt, or padlock

fetters

chains or shackels for the ankles or feet; something that serves to restrict or restrain

prowess

superior skill or ability

disparage

To speak of in a slighting or disrespectful way; belittle

pyre

a heap of combustibles for burning a corpse as a funeral rite

insatiable

impossible to satiate or satisfy

bolster

to support or prop up; to bouy up or hearten

ogress

a female giant who likes to eat humans

reconnoiter

to make a preliminary inspection of

gaff

a large iron hook for landing large fish; slang - a trick or gimmick

incensed

to be extremely angry or infuriated at something unjust or wrong

bulwark

something serving as a defense or safeguard

invidious

tending to rouse ill will or animosity

bower

a shaded, leafy recess, an arbor; a rustic cottage or retreat

fealty

the fidelity owed by a vassal to his feudal lord; faithfulness or allegiance

intransigent

uncompromising; refusing to moderate a position, especially an extreme one

demur

to voice opposition or object

fen

low, flat, swampy land; a bog or marsh

parlay

stake winnings from one bet on a subsequent wager

reparation

The act or process of making amends or repair

thane

A freeman granted land by the king in return for military service in Anglo-Saxon England

canny

showing self-interest and shrewdness in dealing with others

mettle

courage and fortitude; spirit

baleful

Portending evil; ominous

quail

to draw back, as with fear or pain; flinch or cringe

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