Texas Funeral Service Exam

557 terms by kbhull 

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Adaptive Funeral Rite

funeral rite that is adjusted to the needs and wants of those involved

Bureaucratization

the creation of a system that governs through dept and subdivisions managed by sets of officials following an inflexible routine

Contemporary

living or happening in the same period

Cultural Relativism

the emotional attitude that all cultures are equal and pertinent

Cultural Universal

abstract patterns for living and dying which are identifiable in all cultures

Culture

abstract patterns for living and dying; learned directly or indirectly

Demographic

pertaining to demography; the science of vital statistics of populations

Egalitarian

male and female have equal rights, duties, and governing power

Enculturation

( aka 'Socialization' ) the method by which social values are internalized or learned

Ethnic

any of the basic division or groups of mankind; distinguished by customs, characteristics, language, rather than physical characteristics

Ethnocentrism

the emotional attitude that one's own race, nation, group, or culture is superior to all others

Family of Procreation

the family established by one's marriage and the production of children

Folkways

behaviors that are construed as somewhat less compulsive than mores of the same society, and do not call for a strong reaction from the society if violated

Industrialization

individual crafting of products is replaced by manufacture of goods utilizing mass production techniques

Law

a must-behavior, not necessarily a basic or important pattern of a people, but one which is enforced by those governing

Mores

must-behavior; the basic/important patterns of ideas and acts of a people. Call for a strong reaction from the society if violated

Neo-localism

the tendency of offspring to move away from the area in which they were born

Nuclear Family

includes one man, one woman, and their children, if any

Social

a group of persons forming a single community

Social Function

an event for those who have something in common with each other

Social Stratification

categorization of people by money, prestige, and power

Socialization

( aka 'Enculturation' ) method by which social values are internalized or learned

Society

a group of persons forming a single community with some interests in common

Subculture

a division or smaller identifiable unit of a culture

Symbol

anything to which a socially created meaning is given

Taboos

must-behavior that dictates the individual must abstain from certain acts

Acute grief

the intense physical and emotional expression of grief occurring as the awareness increases of a loss of someone or something significant.

Adaptation

the individual's ability to adjust to the psychological and emotional changes brought on by a stressful event such as the death of a significant other.

Affect

is the feelings and their expression.

Aggression

the intentional infliction of physical or psychological harm on another

Alienation

the state of estrangement an individual feels in social settings that are viewed as foreign, unpredictable or unacceptable.

Alternatives

providing a choice of services and merchandise available as families make a selection and complete funeral arrangements, formulating different actions in adjusting to a crisis.

Anger

is blame directed towards another person.

Anomic grief

is a term to describe the experience of grief, especially in young bereaved parents, where mourning customs are unclear due to an inappropriate death and the absence of prior bereavement experience

Anticipatory grief

syndrome characterized by the presence of grief in anticipation of death or loss

Anxiety

a state of tension, typically characterized by rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath and other similar ramifications of arousal of the automatic nervous system; an emotion characterized by a vague fear or premonition that something undesirable is going to happen.

Attachment Theory (Blowlby)

it is the tendency in human being to make strong affectional bonds with others coming from the need for security and safety.

Attending (listening)

giving undivided attention by means of verbal and non-verbal behavior.

Bereavement

the act or event of separation or loss that results in the experience of grief.

Cognitive psychology

from the Latin, "to know;" the study of the origins and consequences of thoughts, memories, beliefs, perceptions, explanations, and other mental processes.

Congruence

according to client-centered counseling, the necessary quality of a counselor being in touch with reality and other's perception of oneself.

Coping

characteristic ways of responding to stress.

Counseling (Webster)

advice, especially that given as a result of consultation.

Counseling (Jackson)

any time someone helps someone else with a problem.

Counseling (Rogers)

good communication within and between men; or, good (free) communication within or between men is always therapeutic.

Counseling (Ohlsen)

a therapeutic experience for reasonable health persons.

Crisis

a highly emotional temporary state in which an individual's feelings of anxiety, grief, confusion or pain impair his or her ability to act.

Crisis counseling

interventions for a highly emotional, temporary state in which individuals, overcome by feelings of anxiety, grief, confusion or pain are unable to act in a realistic, normal manner. Intentional responses which help individuals in a crisis situation.

Death anxiety

a learned emotional response to death-related phenomenon which is characterized by extreme apprehension.

Delayed grief (Worden)

inhibited, suppressed or postponed response to a loss.

Denial

the defense mechanism by which a person is unable or refuses to see things as they are because such facts are threatening to the self.

Directive counseling

counselor takes a live speaking role, asking questions, suggesting courses of action, etcl.

Displaced aggression

redirecting anger toward a person or object other than one who caused the anger originally.

Emotion(s)

feelings such as happiness, anger or grief, created by brain patterns accompanies by bodily changes.

Emotional expression

the outward expression or display of mood or feeling states.

Exaggerated grief (Worden)

persons are usually conscious of the relationship of the reaction to the death, but the reaction to the current experience is excessive and disabling.

Facilitate

to assist understanding of the circumstances or situations the individual is experiencing, and to assist that person in the selection of an alternative adjustment if necessary.

Focusing

centering a client's thinking and feelings on the situation causing a problem and assisting the person in choosing the behavior or adjustment to solve the problem.

Frustration

the state of being prevented from attaining a purpose; thwarted; the blocking of the satisfaction of a perceived need by some kind of obstacle.

Goals

adjustment, motivational in nature, to be achieved.

Grief counseling

helping people facilitate uncomplicated grief to a healthy completion of the tasks of grieving within a reasonable time frame.

Grief syndrome (Lindermann)

a set of symptoms associated with loss.

Grief therapy (Worden)

specialized techniques which are used to help people with complicated grief reactions.

Griefwork (Lindemann)

a process occurring with losses aimed at loosening the attachment to that which has been lost for appropriate reinvestment.

Guidance

support or support system provided to the counselee who is seeking an alternative adjustment to problems.

Illustrating

detailed examples of adjustments, choices or alternatives available to the client or counselee, from which a course or action may be selected.

Informational counseling

counseling in which a counselor shares a body of special information with a counselee.

Living will

a document which governs the withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment from an individual in the event of an incurable or irreversible condition that will cause death with in a relatively short time, and which such person is no longer able to make decisions regarding his/her medical treatment.

Masked grief (Worden)

occur when persons experience symptoms and behaviors which cause them difficulty but they do not see or recognize the fact that these are related to the loss.

Mitigation

any event, person or object that lessens the degree of pain in grief.

Motivation

the process that initiates, directs, and sustains behavior satisfying physiological or psychological needs.

Mourning

an adjustment process which involves grief or sorrow over a period of time and helps in the reorganization of the life of an individual following a loss or death or someone beloved.

Option

choice of actions provided through counseling as a means of solving the counselee's problem.

Personality

is a relatively stable system of determining tendencies within a individual.

Positive Regard

a phrase coined by Carl Rogers to accept them as they are.

Projection

attribution of one's unacceptable thoughts, feelings, or behaviors to someone else.

Rapport

a relation of harmony, conformity, accord or affinity established in any human interaction.

Rationalization

supplying a logical, rational, socially acceptable reason rather than the real reason for an action.

Regression

returning to more familiar and often more primitive modes of coping.

Respect (Wolfelt)

the ability to communicate the belief that everyone possesses the capacity and right to choose alternatives and make decisions.
Searching - preoccupied and intense thoughts about the deceased.

Shame

the assumption of blame directed toward one's self by others.

Situational Counseling

related to specific situations in life that may created crises and produce human pain and suffering.

Social facilitation

a phenomenon that occurs when an individual's performance improves because of the presence of others.

Stress

Life events and minor hassles that exert pressure or strain.

Stressor

any event capable of producing physical or emotional stress.

Sublimation

redirection of emotion to culturally or socially useful purposes.

Suppression

a conscious postponement of addressing anxieties and concerns.

Warmth and caring (Wolfelt)

the ability to be considerate and friendly as demonstrated by both verbal and non-verbal behaviors.

ambiguous

a disconfirming response with more than on meaning, leaving the other party unsure of the responder position

attending

the process of focusing on certain stimuli from the environment

channel

the medium through whicha message passes from sender to receiver

climate

the emotional tome of a relationship as it is expressed in the messages that the partners send and receive

connotation

the emotional associations of a term

denotation

the objective, emotion-free meaning of a term

empathetic listening

listening in which the goal is to help the speakers solve a problem

environment

physical location and personal history surrounding the communication

equivocal

words that have more that one dictionary meaning

euphemism

a pleasant term substituted for a more direct, less pleasant word

evaluative listening

listening in which the goal is to judge the quality or accuracy of the speakers remarks

extemporaneous speech

a speech planned in advance but not memorized presented without notes in a direct, conversational manner

faulty assumption

incorrect assumptions that lead us to believe that we have heard the message before or that the message is too simple or too complex to understand

feedback

the discernible response of the receiver

formal

the speech memorized or delivered word-for-word from a manuscript

impromptu

a speech given "off the top of ones head" without preparation

informational listening

listening to understand another person or idea

manuscript

a speech that is read word-for-word from a prepared text

message

a speakers words and actions

proxemics

the study of how people use space

public communication

one person speaking with limited verbal feedback

public relations

the art of science of establishing and promoting a favorable relationship with the public

receiver

decodes the message

relative terms

words that gain their meaning through comparison

self-concept

the relatively stable set of perceptions each individual holds of himself/herself

semantics

deals with the meanings of words

sender

encodes and sends the message

syntax

deals with the arrangement of words in a sentence

thematic

a complete sentence describing the central idea of a speech, usually found in the first paragraph

Acolyte

An altar attendant

Aron

hebrew meaning container; a casket made entirely of wood with no metal parts

Brother

In the Roman catholic faith, a man who is a member of a religious order without being ordained or while preparing for ordination

Brotherhood

relating to a social or religious organization

Celebrant

the officiant who celebrates the mass in the roman catholic church

Chancel

the portion of the church surrounding the altar, usually enclosing the clergy; area behind the altar of communion rail.

Chevrah Kadisha

Hebrew meaning "Holy Society". Holy Brotherhood of men or women from a synagogue who care for the dead. (Often referred to as "washers" by laymen.)

Common carrier

any carrier required by law to convey passengers or freight without refusal if the approved fare or charge is paid (airline, train, etc)

Cortege

fuernal procession

elegy

song or poem expressing sorrow of lamentation for the dead

El Malei Rachamin

in the jewish faith, a memorial service; literally "God full of compassion"; usually the last prayer of the funeral service; sometimes referred to as the Malei

Fraternal

relating to a social organization

Hesped

in jewish faith, a eulogy or true evalutation of the deceased's life that is a part of the funeral service

Imam

islam faith, the leader of the local congregation

Jinazah

islam faith, te fuenral or funeral prayer

Kaddish

In the Jewish faith, a prayer recited for the deceased by the direct mourners

Kever

jewish faith, the grave

Kevurah

jewish faith, the burial

Kippah

yarmulke

Kriah

Hebrew meaning rending or tearing; a symbol of grief, a tear in the upper corner of the garment or a tear on a symbolic ribbon which is worn by the survivors.

lavaya

jewish faith, funeral procession

liturgical worship (eucharist centered)

a prescribed order or form of worship specific to a particular denomination which will have the eucharist or holy communion as its central element

Makura-Gyo

Bedside prayer performed by minister before the body is moved from place of death or before funeral arrangement are made after embalming - a part of the death rite

Masjid

mosque

parastas

vigil service associated with eastern orthodox funerals

reader

in the Church of Christ, Scientist, one authorized to read the lessons and scripture

Rubrics

In Liturgical churches, stated directions in a prayer book or liturgical manual regarding the order of service as approved by the denomination.

Scapular

in the Roman Catholic faith, a piece of cloth or a medal having religious significance usually worn around the neck

shabbat

the jewish sabbath; begins at sundown friday and ends at sundown saturday

shiva

jewish faith, seven day mourning period

sholoshim

30 day mourning period (jewish faith)

shomer

Watcher, one who sits with the body until burial (jewish faith)

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