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Globe

Eyeball and all components it holds

3 main layers of eyeball wall

Sclera, choroid and retina

Adnexa

Eyelids, eyebrows. tear drainage system, orbital walls and orbit contents (accessory structures)

Role of eyelids

protect fron injury, excessive light and to spread tear film over cornea

Orbicularis Oculi

Closes eyelids; used in blinking, winking, and squinting
sphincter muscle

Levator palpebrea superioris

elevate upper eyelid out of line of vision

Muller Muscle

smooth muscle, involuntary muscle of eyelid

Tarsal Plate

a thick fold of connective tissue that gives form and support to the eyelids

grey line

refers to areas along meibomian gland openings, surgical reference point

canthi

corners where eyelids come together. lateral & medial.
Lateral is acute angle and medial is rounded

Caruncle

found in the medial canthus, it is a small fleshy mass containing sebacceous glands

puncta

drainage hole in corner of eyeball for tears; connects upper/lower eyelids to drainage canal; visible at inner canthus of upper/lower lids

epicanthus

a vertical fold of skin on either side of the nose

palpebral fissure

The almond shaped opening between the upper and lower eyelids

lacrimal glands

gland located in the upper outer region above the eyeball that secretes tears

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