History Test 20's-30's

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Historian and contemporaries called the 1920s the "New Era" because

American popular culture reshaped itself to reflect an urban, middle-class, consumer-oriented society

During the 1920s, the US experienced an economic boom that included

a substantial increase in the nation's manufacturing output

The dilemma of American labor in the 1920s lay in the poor distribution of wealth and purchasing power, because wages

rose but many workers still lived at or below a minimum living standard

During the 1920s, some employers adopted a system known as "welfare capitalism," which

provided workers with fringe benefits such as short workweeks and retirement pensions

So-called "pink-collar" jobs included all the following, except

teachers

Under the terms of the proposed McNary-Haugen bill, the government would have helped the farmers achieve parity by

maintaining high tariffs against foreign competition and buying surplus crops for sale abroad

The US truly became a consumer society during the 1920s, which meant that Americans

bought things both for their needs and their pleasures

Bruce Barton, author of ~The Man Nobody Knows~, promoted the idea of divine approval for advertising and salesmanship when he depicted

Jesus as prophet and "super salesman" who was concerned with living full and rewarding life in this world

The most important communications vehicle in the New Era, and the only one truly new to the 1920s, was

commercial radio

The first feature-length film to feature "talkie" sound was

~The Jazz Singer~ with Al Jolson

In the 1920s, working women exhibited all of the following characteristics except

most belonged to the middle class

Which of the following industries was most closely associated with the rise of consumerism in America in the 1920s?

advertising

Chapter 23

...

Four of the following statements correctly describe conditions in the stock market during the year and a half preceding the Great Crash of 1929. What is the exception?

most brokers required cash payment in full for stock purchases

One of the most important causes of the Great Depression was the fact that during the 1920s

there was a fundamental maldistribution of purchasing power

In much of the 1920s, European nations were able to make their war-debt payments to the US, and Germany and Austria were able to continue reparation payments by

getting new loans from the US

The stock market crash in 1929

triggered a chain of events that led to the economic crisis

The Dust Bowl

was largely a result of farming practices on the Great Plains

In the early 1930s, the term "Okies" referred to

dispossessed farmers fleeing the Dust Bowl

Four of the following statements accurately describe the condition of blacks during the Great Depression. Which is the exception?

the migration of blacks to the North ended abruptly

In the 1920s, the great majority of Hispanics in California and the American Southwest originally migrated from

Mexico

One effect of the Great Depression on women was to

strengthen the belief that a woman's place was in the home

Four of the following were effects of the Great Depression on the American family. Which is the exception?

divorce rate increased

Chapter 24

...

In 1933, two days after he took office, FDR

closed all banks

In 1934, a strong criticism of the New Deal came from

political far right, left, and dissident populists

In 1934, the American Liberty League was formed

by wealthy conservatives who strongly opposed the New Deal

In 1934, Dr. Francis Townsend attracted widespread national support for a plan that

helped pave the way for the Social Security system

Much of Father Coughlin's outspoken criticism of the Roosevelt administration revolved around the issue of

changing the banking and currency system

The "Second New Deal" was launched in response to

-growth of popular protests across the nation
-the persistence of the GD
-the coming presidential election of 1936

During the "Second New Deal", FDR

became more willing to attack corporate interests openly

In the 1930s, industrial unionism was

considerably strengthened by the New Deal legislation

In the 1930s, the New Deal generally gave

work relief to men and cash assistance to women

FDR's proposal to expand the Supreme Court

was eventually defeated in Congress

The most influential advocate for the African Americans in the Roosevelt Administration was

Eleanor Roosevelt

Frances Perkins, the first female cabinet member in American history, was secretary of

labor

One of the major effects the New Deal had on the United States was

it created laws that provided equal economic opportunity for all American workers

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