On Cooking - Cheese Terminology

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affiné

french term for a cured or properly ripened cheese

bleu

french for 'blue'

brique (briquette)

refers to a group of french brick-shaped cheese

brosse

french term for cheeses that are brushed with liquid or oil during ripening

capra

italian for goat's-milk cheese

carré

french term for square, flat cheeses

cendré

french term for cheeses ripened in ashes

coulant

french for 'flowing,' used to describe ripe brie, camembert and other cheeses when their interiors ooze or flow

ferme (fermier)

french adjective used to indicate farm-produced cheeses

kaas

dutch for 'cheese'

käse

german for 'cheese'

lait cru

french term for raw milk

laiterie (laitier

french for 'dairy'; appears on factory-made cheeses

matières grasses

french term for dry matter

mi chèvre

a french product with this label must contain at least 25 percent goat's milk

ost

scandinavian for 'cheese'

pecorino

italian term for all sheep's milk cheeses

queso

spanish for 'cheese'

râpé

french term applied to cheeses that are suitable for grating

tome (tomme)

term used by the french, italians, and swiss to refer to mountain cheeses, particularly from the pyrénées or savoie regions

tyrophile

one who loves cheese

vaccino

italian term for cow's milk cheese

vache

french term for cow's milk cheese

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