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Abbas

He was a safavid who ruled in a great time of economic development, but after he died, his empire declined, finally ending in 1736

Akbar

He was the greatest Mughal emperor who took the throne at age 13

Babur

He was a descendent of the Mongol leader Timur who attacked the sultante of Delhi and eventually occupied Delhi and its surrounding region

Esma'il

he brought all of modern Iran and part of present-day Iraq under his rule

Mehmed II

became sultan in 1444 and conquered constantinople in 1453, renamed it istanbul, and made it the ottoman capital

Osman

he had great success fighting the Byzantines, his tribe members were called Ottomans

Safi od-din

the safavids were descended from him

Shah Jahan

he was the Mughal ruler who is best known for the construction of the taj mahal

Suleyman

he was the greatest ottoman sultan who brought the ottoman empire to it's height

ghazis

warriors for Islam; Turkish soldiers who were the first ottomans

janissaries

highly trained troop of slave soldiers for ottoman sultans

kizilbash

military army developed by the safavids to fight for political power

millets

separate, self-governed religious minorities within the ottoman empire

Rajputs

indian warrior princess who began challenging turkish muslims control in india in the 1500s

reaya

masses of ordinary subjects in ottoman society

sikh

religion based on teh teachings of nanak, and indian mystic in the 1500s, who tried to unite the Hindu and muslim religions

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