chp 11 digestive system

Created by wperry02 

Upgrade to
remove ads

38 terms

adhesion

abnormal growing together of two sufaces that normally are separated

anorexia nervosa

psychoneurotic disorder characterized by a prolanged refusal to eat

bulimia nervosa

an eating disorder involving gorging with food followed by induced vomiting

cirrhosis

chronic disease of the liver with gradual destruction of cells

crohn disease

chronic inflammation usually affecting the ileum, although it can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract.

duodenal ulcer

ulcer in the duodenum

gastric ulcer

ulcer in the stomach

gastroesophageal reflux disease

the abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus

ileus

obstruction of the intestine, often caused by failure of peristalsis

intussusception

telescoping of a segment of the intestine

irritable bowel syndrome

periodic disturbances of bowel function, such as diarrhea and constipation usually associated with abdominal pain

obesity

excess of body fat

peptic ulcer

another name for gastric or duodenal ulcer

polyp

tumorlike growth extending outward from a mucous membrane.

ulcerative colitis

inflammation of the colon with the formation of ulcers

volvulus

twisting or kinking of the intestine causing intestinal obstruction

abdominoperineal resection

removal of the colon and rectum through both abdominal and perineal approaches. Performed to treat colorectal cancer

anastomosis

surgical connection between two normally distinct structures

vagotomy

cutting of certain branches of the vagus nerveperformed with gastric surgery

barium enema

series of x-rays images taken of the large intestine after a barium enema has been administered

upper GI series

series of x-ray imaged taken of the stomach and duodenum

endoscopic ultrasound

a procedure using an endoscope fitted with an ultrasound probe that provides images fo layers of the intestinal wall.

helicobacter pylori antibodies test

a blood test to determine the presence of H. pylori bacteria

fecal occult blood test

a test to detect occult blood in feces. It is used to screen for colon cancer or polyps

ascites

abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity

diarrhea

frequent discharge of liquid stool

dysentery

disorder that involves inflammaton of the intestine associated with diarrhea and abdominal pain

feces

waste from the digestive tract expelled through the rectum

flatus

gas in the digestive tract or expelld through the anus

gastric lavage

washing out of the stomach

gavage

process of feeding a person through a nasogastric tube

hematemesis

vomiting of blood

melena

black tarry stool the contains digested blood

nausea

urge to vomit

peristalsis

involutary wavelike contractions that propel food along the digestive tract

reflux

abnormal backward flow.

vomit

matter expelled from the stomach through the mouth

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

radiographic (x-ray) examination of the bile and pancreatic ducts with contrast medium

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

NEW! Voice Recording

Click the mic to start.

Create Set