The care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color is the definition of
The study of the face and its features is called
Protrusion of the jaws is called
The most common frontal view head shape is
The vomer is located in the
Directly anterior to the ear passage lies the
The widest part of the cranium lies between the
The bony structures that create the widest part of the face are the
widest part of the face
The zygomatic arches can be used to locate the
Where is the superior border of the chin found when measured from the line of closure of the mouth to the base of the chin.
Where is the superior border of the chin found when measured from the base of the chin to the base of the nose.
The superior border of the ear lies on the same transverse plane as the
When compared to the length of the face, the length of the ear is
The length of the ear is equal to the distance from the normal hairline to the
seven and one-half inches
If the measurement of one eye is 1 1/2 inches wide, the face at its widest part will measure
two and one-half times
what is the greatest width of the face when compared to the width of the mouth?
What is the distance between the eyes when compared to the width of the mouth?
the distance between the eyes
The width of the eye is equal to
the width of the base of the nose
The width of the eye is equal to
two and one-half inches
If one eye measures one and one-fourth inches in width, the mouth will be
one and three-fourths inches
If the width of the left eye measures one and three fourths inches, the distance between the eyes will be
The distance from the base of the nose to the base of the chin is equal to the distance from the base of the nose to the
hairline to the eyebrow
The distance from the eyebrow to the base of the nose is equal to the distance from the
the length of the ear
The distance from the eyebrow to the base of the nose is equal to
What is the location of the line of closure of the mouth when measured from the base of the chin to the base of the nose?
Where do the lips meet when measured from the base of the nose to the base of the chin?
one-half distance from the base of the nose to the superior border of the chin.
The lips meet each other
two-thirds the distance from the base of the chin to the base of the nose.
The lips meet
The feature of the face that is two eyes wide is the
twice the distance between the eyes
The width of the mouth is equal to
The small bony eminence at the median line of the chin is known as the
The supraorbital margin is created by the
The prominence of the cheeks is affected by the
The incisive fossa is a depression associated with the
The parietal eminences mark the widest part of the
The foramen magun is an opening in the
The largest singular bone of the face is the
The mastoid process is a bony landmark of the
The eminence located between the eyebrows is the
The vertical portion of the mandible is the
6 to 7 heads tall
The average adult human body is
The anterior "non-articulating process" on the ramus of the mandible is the
A profile form in which both the forhead and chin protrude beyond the projection of the upper lip is
The most common facial profile is
A profile form noted for a slight recession in both the forhead and the chin is
The lest common facial profile
A receding chin and protruding forhead chacterize a facial profile as
A facial profile in which the forhead, upper lip, and chin project equally to an imaginary line is
A vertical forhead and a chin that protrudes more than the upper lip charaterize a facial profile as
A vertical forhead and a chin that recedes from the projecton of the upper lip charaterize a facial profile as
Abutt (do not overlap)
The eyelids, in natural repose:
Large amounts of non-marginal hair can be attached by using:
Hypo tissue builder
The deceased was in a motor vehicle accident. There are multiple fractures, facial abrasions, and deep lacerations on the face. Major restorative work is needed. QUESTION: The preferred treatment for sunken eyes before embalming is:
Optic facial sulci
Furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye are called:
Line of closure
Restored eyelashes should have no hair extended from the extreme ends of the:
Hypo inject supplemental chemicals after embalming
There is a severe hematoma on the back of the hand. Which of the following is the best treatment?
Long hair rolled between the fingers and coated with soap or wax
To restore a waxed end mustache, use:
A characteristic of first degree burns is:
Apply a cavity pack
While washing the body prior to embalming, you notice skin slip on the forearms. After arterial injection you should:
A crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevations is known as a:
Which one of the following is NOT a type of prognathism?
Which one of the following is a bone of the face?
2 and 3
Which are major restorations? 1-Reduction of swelling, 2-Deep wound repair, 3-Repair of fractures, 4-Minimal hair replacement
Lightness or darkness
In color theory, VALUE refers to:
The outer rim of the ear is called the:
When restoring hair, what is used for stray or straggler hairs?
Which of the these are classic facial proportions? 1-Mouth is 2 eyes wide, 2-Ear length equals distance from base of nose to base of chin, 3-Base of nose to line of lip closure equals base of chin to line of lip closure, 4-Face is 4 eyes wide
The cheek bones are wider then the cranium, and the cranium is slightly wider then the lower jaw. The entire face appears to be composed of soft, rounded curves. It is the MOST COMMON HEAD SHAPE.
The deceased was in a motor vehicle accident. There are multiple fractures, facial abrasions, and deep lacerations on the face. Major restorative work is needed. QUESTION: Close the facial lacerations with which suture?
Which one of the following is one of the geometric head farms (frontal view)?
The zygomatic process is a feature of which of the following bones?
If the nasal bones are damaged, the distorted nose may be restored by plugging with cotton through the:
Less protruding on the arc than the lower lip
The deceased has a concave facial profile. The missing upper lip should be affixed:
Short, with full cheeks and a rounded fuller jawline, and a rounded cranium.
Which of the following conditions requiring restorative art is classified as traumatic?
The hue sequence pink, rose, cherry is indicative of red that has been:
Appears to be short and compsed of stright lines. The forehead, jawline,and cheeks are approximatley the same width. The hairline is often stright.
Hypo inject unpreserved areas
The deceased has third degree burns over the legs. After arterial injection, you should:
Obtain written permission from the next of kin
The deceased was in a motor vehicle accident. There are multiple fractures, facial abrasions, and deep lacerations on the face. Major restorative work is needed. QUESTION: Before doing any major restoration, you should:
Three gently dipping curves
When closing the mouth, the line of lip closure resembles a classic hunting bow because it:
The comparison of the two sides of the face to observe the similarities and differences is referred to as:
Remove packing, cauterize, insert prosthesis, cauterize
What is the preferred order to treat an eye enucleation?
Appears significantly wider at the jawline then the cheekbone and forehead. The forehead is the narrowest feature. Eyes are closerest. This is the lest common head shape.
Wound filler (firm)
A body being prepared has an open wound in the cheek which is approx. 1 1/2 inches in diameter and has no visible tissue in the hole. QUESTION: What consistency wax should be used during the initial application?
Seal and surface with wax
To restore small lacerations on the forehead:
The determinative pigment of all races is:
Face and features
Physiognomy is the study of:
Tissue building with the needle inserted within the line of lip closure is a point of injection for the:
1 and 2
Which of these lightens complexion coloring? 1-White, 2-Yellow, 3-Red, 4-Brown
After embalming, the eyes appear distended. Acceptable treatment includes application of heat and:
lemon juice and Sodium hypochlorite
Which of the following stain removers would remove nicotine stains?
The nostril, corner of the mouth, and behind the earlobe may be used as hidden points of entry to hypodermically treat sunken:
upward and outword
The direction of eyebrow hair growth is laterally
The width of the nose at its base is equal to the width of the
red, green, and blue
Primary colors of light
Standard of Color (Spectrum)
red, yellow, brown
Colors for all humans is
greek (leptorrhine) nose
A classifcation given to a nose that is long, narrow, and high bridged; common to individuals of western european decent
Curved as a beak on an eagle, a nose that has a hook as seen from a profile; may exhibit a hump in the bridge.
Characterized by a dip in the bridge and turned up at the end.
The widest part of the __ is measured by the distance between the two parital eminences.
The face is three ___ long.
The length of the ____ is equal to the length of the ear.
The width of the ___ at the wings is equal to the width of an eye.
The face is five ___ wide from zygomatic arch to zygomatic arch.
The distance between the ___ is equal to the width of one eye.
The mouth is two __ wide.
The superior border of the ___ is on the same horizontal plane as the eyebrows
The inforior border of the __ is on the same horizontal plane as the base of the nose.
The face is three ___ long.
angulus oris eminence
angulus oris sulcus
cords of the neck
inferior palpebral sulcus
oblique palpebral sulcus
optic facial sulci
superior palpebral sulcus
transverse frontal sulci
an elongated prominence adjoining surface
a crevice in the skin accoumpanied by adjacent elevation (wrinkles)
an elongated depressionin a relatively level plane (surface
Charaterized by a jawline that is narrower then the cheekbone or forehead. The forehead is the widest freatrure of the face. Eyes are wide set.
Charaterized by wide cheekbones and narrow forehead and jawline. The greatest width is across the cheekbone.
Long and narrow. The forehead and chin may be rounded or square. The nose is usually long.
The forhead recedes posteriorly from the eyebrows, while the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip. (most common profile)
The forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows, and the chin protrudes beyond the infantine retrouse plane of the upper lip.(lest common profile?
The chin, forehead, and upper lip all project to an imaginary line. Not any one feature protrudes or recedes more then the other.
The forehead recedes from the eyebrows and the chin protrudes beyond the plan of the upper lip.
the forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows and the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip.
the forhead and eyebrows project an imaginary line, and the chin protrudes more then the superior mucous membrane.
the forehead and eyebrows project equally to an imaginary line, and the chin recedes less then the superior mucous membrane.
The forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows,while the upper lip and chin project equally to an imaginary vertical line.
the forehead recedes from the eyebrows, while the chin and the upper lip project an equally to an imaginary vertical line.
treatment for abrasions
cover around the abrased area with message cream, then the area should be dried with using a cauterizing agent, then dried with cotton and sealed with a sealer.
treatment for lacerations
use temporary sutures, dry wound with a cauterent pack, apply message cream outside of wound, after embalming dry wound with cotton after which sealer is brused over all tissue below the surface. After sealer dries the wound can be packed with cotton and incision sealing powder or mortuary mastic
suture that is made the same as the single intradermal suture except that the stitich penetrates through the skin.
The pattern of this suture is the same as the single intradurmal suture except that the stitches are made parrel to the lips of the incision.
Stich that is made from beneath up through the skin, and the needle is crossed from side to side with each stitch like a basball.
Stitch that is used by passing the ligature through both sides of the incision from the outside with the stitch being locked by looping the ligatre.
double intradurmal suture
Subcutaneous stitch which requires using a suturing needle on each end of the ligature with the suturing needles being crossed from side to side on each stitch.
The least common geometric form of head shape
from the frontal aspect is
Three hues that can be combined to make all other hues. All colors originate from these three hues. The Primary colors are red, yellow, and blue.
Which head shape exhibits great width across the
cheekbones and narrow width in the forehead and
Which of the following is a comparison of the two
sides of the face to observe similarities and differences of form?
Which surfaces do not exhibit similarity in their
apply heat from the electric spatula.
To reduce swollen eyes
aspiration of the cranium.
A protruding eye may require
pressure of gas build-up in the cranial
Protruding eyes are generally an indication of
excise and rebuild with wax
. In cases of severe eyelid lacerations, it may be
Which of the following conditions requiring
restoration would most likely be a direct result of
injecting stronger arterial solutions.
Edematous areas can sometimes be treated by
covers the darkened abrasion.
Cosmetizing an abrasion before waxing
dehydrate and bleach tissues.
A cavity pack will
wax will not easily adhere to moist surfaces.
Tissue to be restored with wax must be firm and dry because
Removal of the skin caused by friction against a
firm object or surface results in
to close small clean incisions
Instant bond adhesives are best used
to inhibit dehydration.
A primary reason for applying massage cream to
an exposed area is
Arterial dyes can result in
Swelling and discoloration
What problems are commonly associated with
ecchymosis around the eye?
Strong fluid, low pressure
Which procedure generally gives best results during embalming when a black eye is present?
lancing, aspiration, or surgical excision.
Reduction of swellings may be accomplished by
intense inflammation and blisters.
The primary characteristic of a second degree
The primary characteristic of a third degree burn is
Burns incurred after death are classified as
corrective cosmetic treatment.
First degree burns require
darkness of the discoloration.
The need for a cosmetic undercoat in bum cases
be performed after embalming.
In the case of swollen lips and eyes resulting from
burns, surgical reduction would
Unsound tissue in the area of a malignant tumor
A cancerous area should be excised in most
be dried and sealed.
When excising malignant tissue, the area should
forcing into or wiring to the vertebral
When a wood or metal dowel is used to join a
decapitated head to a torso, the dowel is usually
attached to the torso by
527. With the lower end of a dowel attached to the torso in a decapitation case, the upper end is inserted into the
remove loose skin
To treat areas of skin slip
Following the removal of loose skin and hypodermic injection, an area of skin slip should be
.A fracture of the bone that results in the bone
protruding through the skin is a
A fracture with no break in the skin is a
obliquely upward and outward.
The direction of hair growth of the eyebrow is
overfilling similar parts of the face
A danger in hypodermic tissue building is
distributed by external pressure
Surface lumps caused by tissue building should be
the lateral end of the eyebrow.
A hidden point of entry for hypodermic tissue
building in the temporal region is
the tissue builder should be injected as the
needle is withdrawn.
When injecting liquid tissue builder
plugging the wound.
A pre-embalming treatment when dealing with
penetrating wounds is
Which suture is used on an exposed area?
hold the edges of an excision in position.
The basket weave suture is used to
The original scientific standard of color is the
The colors of the spectrum are represented by the letters
Breaking up white light into its many colors is
The colors seen by the eye are those that are
The lightness or darkness of a hue is referred
to as its
The brightness or dullness of a hue is its
tint of red.
Red to which white has been added is a
shade of blue
Blue to which black has been added is a
tone of red
. The addition of a small amount of green to a large amount of red creates a
Pigment color theory that employs the color wheel
Which hues can be combined to create all other
559. The mixture of a small amount of a cool hue with a large amount of a warm hue creates a
Those hues on the side of the color wheel
containing red are identified as
The equal mixture of two primary hues creates
Minor integumentary restorations
The surface restorer wax is used primarily for
which of the following?
In a warm environment, which restorative wax is
recommended for surface restorations?
Which of the following components of restorative
wax is incorporated to impart color to the wax?
The external auditory meatus
Which of the following is considered the primary
anatomical guide for locating and positioning a
Which suture joins the two parietal bones?
Orbital pouch is associated with which facial feature?
Supercilium is a term associated with which facial
The nasolabial sulcus
Which of the following is an acquired
The oblique palpebral sulcus
Which of the following is a natural facial marking?
The nasolabial fold
. Which of the following is a natural facial marking?
When measured from the normal hairline to the
base of the chin, what is the location of the
superior border of the chin?
When measured from the normal hairline to the
base of the chin, what is the location of the
. Where is the base of the nose found when
measured from the normal hairline to the base of
When measured from the base of the chin to the normal hairline, where is the line of mouth closure
What is the location of the superior border of the
chin when measured from the base of the chin to
What is the location of the superior border of the
chin when measured from the eyebrows to the base of the chin?
. In which part of the face do the lips meet?
The supraorbital area is part of which
aspiration with a hypodermic syringe.
Swollen eyelids can be corrected by
a post-embalming restorative treatment.
Hypodermic tissue building is
Points of entry for hypodermic tissue building
. Insertion of a rod into the foramen magnum and
the spinal column is a technique for restoring
A jagged tearing of the flesh best describes
The prominence on the midline of the superior
mucous membrane is known as the
The anterior ridge of the nose is known as the
root of the nose.
From the profile view of the nose, the concave dip below the glabella is the
equal mixtures of a primary and secondary color.
Colors directly opposite on the color wheel.
A color that is characterized by long wavelengths; makes objects appear closer and larger and refects warmth. Orange is the warmest hue.
A color that is characerized by short wavelegths; creates the impression of coldness and makes an object appear to recede. Blue is the coolest hue
Which of the following substances when added in progessive quantities to a restorative wax, will soften wax consistency?
The term cilia is used to denote the
Treatment for treating tumors
Tumor excised after embalming, add message cream to protect tissues, phenol treatments to dry the cavity, basket weave suture applied, sealer applied, deep wound filler applied, gauze placed over filler and sealer applied, wax adjustments, and cosmetics applied.
Aspirate the pus
The body has a large pus containing encapsulated tumor on the right side of the neck. Which of the following is the proper procedure during embalming?
What is the best thing to use when trying to get tangles out of a deceaseds hair?
Cavity fluid, phenol, alcohol, preservative gel, and special bleaching fluid
A body has multiple stains on the hands, arms, and face. After embalming the stain is still there. Which of the following could you use to remove the stains?
the hairline, the corners of the mouth, behind the angle of the jaw and beind the superior attachment of the helix.
Hidden points of entry for hypodermic tissue bulding include