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restorative art

The care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color is the definition of

physiognomy

The study of the face and its features is called

prognathism

Protrusion of the jaws is called

Oval

The most common frontal view head shape is

nasal cavity

The vomer is located in the

mandibular fossa

Directly anterior to the ear passage lies the

parietal eminences

The widest part of the cranium lies between the

Zygomatic arches

The bony structures that create the widest part of the face are the

widest part of the face

The zygomatic arches can be used to locate the

One-half

Where is the superior border of the chin found when measured from the line of closure of the mouth to the base of the chin.

One-third

Where is the superior border of the chin found when measured from the base of the chin to the base of the nose.

eyebrow

The superior border of the ear lies on the same transverse plane as the

One-third

When compared to the length of the face, the length of the ear is

eyebrow

The length of the ear is equal to the distance from the normal hairline to the

seven and one-half inches

If the measurement of one eye is 1 1/2 inches wide, the face at its widest part will measure

two and one-half times

what is the greatest width of the face when compared to the width of the mouth?

One-half

What is the distance between the eyes when compared to the width of the mouth?

the distance between the eyes

The width of the eye is equal to

the width of the base of the nose

The width of the eye is equal to

two and one-half inches

If one eye measures one and one-fourth inches in width, the mouth will be

one and three-fourths inches

If the width of the left eye measures one and three fourths inches, the distance between the eyes will be

eyebrow

The distance from the base of the nose to the base of the chin is equal to the distance from the base of the nose to the

hairline to the eyebrow

The distance from the eyebrow to the base of the nose is equal to the distance from the

the length of the ear

The distance from the eyebrow to the base of the nose is equal to

two-thirds

What is the location of the line of closure of the mouth when measured from the base of the chin to the base of the nose?

one-third

Where do the lips meet when measured from the base of the nose to the base of the chin?

one-half distance from the base of the nose to the superior border of the chin.

The lips meet each other

two-thirds the distance from the base of the chin to the base of the nose.

The lips meet

mouth

The feature of the face that is two eyes wide is the

twice the distance between the eyes

The width of the mouth is equal to

mental eminence

The small bony eminence at the median line of the chin is known as the

frontal bone

The supraorbital margin is created by the

zygomatic bones

The prominence of the cheeks is affected by the

mandible

The incisive fossa is a depression associated with the

cranium

The parietal eminences mark the widest part of the

occipital bone

The foramen magun is an opening in the

mandible

The largest singular bone of the face is the

temporal bone

The mastoid process is a bony landmark of the

glabella

The eminence located between the eyebrows is the

ramus

The vertical portion of the mandible is the

6 to 7 heads tall

The average adult human body is

mastoid process

The anterior "non-articulating process" on the ramus of the mandible is the

concave

A profile form in which both the forhead and chin protrude beyond the projection of the upper lip is

convex

The most common facial profile is

convex

A profile form noted for a slight recession in both the forhead and the chin is

concave

The lest common facial profile

concave-convex

A receding chin and protruding forhead chacterize a facial profile as

balanced

A facial profile in which the forhead, upper lip, and chin project equally to an imaginary line is

concave-vertical

A vertical forhead and a chin that protrudes more than the upper lip charaterize a facial profile as

balanced-convex

A vertical forhead and a chin that recedes from the projecton of the upper lip charaterize a facial profile as

Abutt (do not overlap)

The eyelids, in natural repose:

Cement

Large amounts of non-marginal hair can be attached by using:

Hypo tissue builder

The deceased was in a motor vehicle accident. There are multiple fractures, facial abrasions, and deep lacerations on the face. Major restorative work is needed. QUESTION: The preferred treatment for sunken eyes before embalming is:

Optic facial sulci

Furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye are called:

Line of closure

Restored eyelashes should have no hair extended from the extreme ends of the:

Hypo inject supplemental chemicals after embalming

There is a severe hematoma on the back of the hand. Which of the following is the best treatment?

Long hair rolled between the fingers and coated with soap or wax

To restore a waxed end mustache, use:

Redness

A characteristic of first degree burns is:

Apply a cavity pack

While washing the body prior to embalming, you notice skin slip on the forearms. After arterial injection you should:

Furrow

A crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevations is known as a:

Superior

Which one of the following is NOT a type of prognathism?

Zygomatic

Which one of the following is a bone of the face?

2 and 3

Which are major restorations? 1-Reduction of swelling, 2-Deep wound repair, 3-Repair of fractures, 4-Minimal hair replacement

Lightness or darkness

In color theory, VALUE refers to:

Helix

The outer rim of the ear is called the:

Embedding

When restoring hair, what is used for stray or straggler hairs?

1and 2

Which of the these are classic facial proportions? 1-Mouth is 2 eyes wide, 2-Ear length equals distance from base of nose to base of chin, 3-Base of nose to line of lip closure equals base of chin to line of lip closure, 4-Face is 4 eyes wide

OVAL

The cheek bones are wider then the cranium, and the cranium is slightly wider then the lower jaw. The entire face appears to be composed of soft, rounded curves. It is the MOST COMMON HEAD SHAPE.

Basketweave

The deceased was in a motor vehicle accident. There are multiple fractures, facial abrasions, and deep lacerations on the face. Major restorative work is needed. QUESTION: Close the facial lacerations with which suture?

oval

Which one of the following is one of the geometric head farms (frontal view)?

Temporal

The zygomatic process is a feature of which of the following bones?

Anterior nares

If the nasal bones are damaged, the distorted nose may be restored by plugging with cotton through the:

Less protruding on the arc than the lower lip

The deceased has a concave facial profile. The missing upper lip should be affixed:

round

Short, with full cheeks and a rounded fuller jawline, and a rounded cranium.

Laceration

Which of the following conditions requiring restorative art is classified as traumatic?

Tinted

The hue sequence pink, rose, cherry is indicative of red that has been:

square

Appears to be short and compsed of stright lines. The forehead, jawline,and cheeks are approximatley the same width. The hairline is often stright.

Hypo inject unpreserved areas

The deceased has third degree burns over the legs. After arterial injection, you should:

Obtain written permission from the next of kin

The deceased was in a motor vehicle accident. There are multiple fractures, facial abrasions, and deep lacerations on the face. Major restorative work is needed. QUESTION: Before doing any major restoration, you should:

Three gently dipping curves

When closing the mouth, the line of lip closure resembles a classic hunting bow because it:

Bilateral

The comparison of the two sides of the face to observe the similarities and differences is referred to as:

Remove packing, cauterize, insert prosthesis, cauterize

What is the preferred order to treat an eye enucleation?

triangle

Appears significantly wider at the jawline then the cheekbone and forehead. The forehead is the narrowest feature. Eyes are closerest. This is the lest common head shape.

Wound filler (firm)

A body being prepared has an open wound in the cheek which is approx. 1 1/2 inches in diameter and has no visible tissue in the hole. QUESTION: What consistency wax should be used during the initial application?

Seal and surface with wax

To restore small lacerations on the forehead:

Melanin

The determinative pigment of all races is:

Face and features

Physiognomy is the study of:

Integumentary lips

Tissue building with the needle inserted within the line of lip closure is a point of injection for the:

1 and 2

Which of these lightens complexion coloring? 1-White, 2-Yellow, 3-Red, 4-Brown

Surgical reduction

After embalming, the eyes appear distended. Acceptable treatment includes application of heat and:

lemon juice and Sodium hypochlorite

Which of the following stain removers would remove nicotine stains?

Cheeks

The nostril, corner of the mouth, and behind the earlobe may be used as hidden points of entry to hypodermically treat sunken:

upward and outword

The direction of eyebrow hair growth is laterally

eye

The width of the nose at its base is equal to the width of the

red, green, and blue

Primary colors of light

roy.g.biv

Standard of Color (Spectrum)

red, yellow, brown

Colors for all humans is

greek (leptorrhine) nose

A classifcation given to a nose that is long, narrow, and high bridged; common to individuals of western european decent

roman

Curved as a beak on an eagle, a nose that has a hook as seen from a profile; may exhibit a hump in the bridge.

infantine

Characterized by a dip in the bridge and turned up at the end.

head

The widest part of the __ is measured by the distance between the two parital eminences.

noses

The face is three ___ long.

nose

The length of the ____ is equal to the length of the ear.

nose

The width of the ___ at the wings is equal to the width of an eye.

eyes

The face is five ___ wide from zygomatic arch to zygomatic arch.

eyes

The distance between the ___ is equal to the width of one eye.

eyes

The mouth is two __ wide.

ear

The superior border of the ___ is on the same horizontal plane as the eyebrows

ear

The inforior border of the __ is on the same horizontal plane as the base of the nose.

ears

The face is three ___ long.

natural

angulus oris eminence

natural

angulus oris sulcus

acquired

bucco-facial sulcus

acquired

cords of the neck

natural

dimples

acquired

inferior palpebral sulcus

acquired

intercilliary sulci

acquired

labial sulci

natural

labiomental sulcus

acquired

mandibular sulcus

natural

nasal sulcus

natural

nasolabial fold

acquired

nasolabial sulcus

natural

oblique palpebral sulcus

acquired

optic facial sulci

natural

philtrum

natural

submental sulcus

acquired

platysmal sulci

acquired

platysmal sulci

acquired

superior palpebral sulcus

acquired

transverse frontal sulci

an elongated prominence adjoining surface

fold/eminence

a crevice in the skin accoumpanied by adjacent elevation (wrinkles)

furrow/sulcus

an elongated depressionin a relatively level plane (surface

groove/sulcus

inverted triangle

Charaterized by a jawline that is narrower then the cheekbone or forehead. The forehead is the widest freatrure of the face. Eyes are wide set.

diamond

Charaterized by wide cheekbones and narrow forehead and jawline. The greatest width is across the cheekbone.

oblong

Long and narrow. The forehead and chin may be rounded or square. The nose is usually long.

conveX profile

The forhead recedes posteriorly from the eyebrows, while the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip. (most common profile)

concave profile

The forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows, and the chin protrudes beyond the infantine retrouse plane of the upper lip.(lest common profile?

vertical balanced

The chin, forehead, and upper lip all project to an imaginary line. Not any one feature protrudes or recedes more then the other.

conveX- concave

The forehead recedes from the eyebrows and the chin protrudes beyond the plan of the upper lip.

concave- conveX

the forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows and the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip.

vertical-concave

the forhead and eyebrows project an imaginary line, and the chin protrudes more then the superior mucous membrane.

vertical-conveX

the forehead and eyebrows project equally to an imaginary line, and the chin recedes less then the superior mucous membrane.

concave-vertical

The forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows,while the upper lip and chin project equally to an imaginary vertical line.

conveX- vertical

the forehead recedes from the eyebrows, while the chin and the upper lip project an equally to an imaginary vertical line.

treatment for abrasions

cover around the abrased area with message cream, then the area should be dried with using a cauterizing agent, then dried with cotton and sealed with a sealer.

treatment for lacerations

use temporary sutures, dry wound with a cauterent pack, apply message cream outside of wound, after embalming dry wound with cotton after which sealer is brused over all tissue below the surface. After sealer dries the wound can be packed with cotton and incision sealing powder or mortuary mastic

draw stitch

suture that is made the same as the single intradermal suture except that the stitich penetrates through the skin.

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