Acidic, Basic and Neutral Salts

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Sodium Acetate - Basic

CH₃COONa

Sodium Phosphate -Basic

Na₃PO₄

Ammonium Sulfate - Acidic

(NH₄)₂SO₄

Sodium Nitrate - Neutral

NaNO₃

Calcium Acetate - Basic

(CH₃COO)₂Ca

Ammonium Chloride - Acidic

NH₄Cl

Barium Chloride - Neutral

BaCl₂

Potassium Chloride - Neutral

KCl

Calculations of the pH of a salt

Is the Salt Acidic or Basic
Which ion in the formula is the spectator ion
write the ionization equation in water
use RICE to solve for H⁺ and OH⁻
pH = -log [H⁺]

Acidic Salts

THE CATION: is the conjugate acid of a weak base
THE ANION: Conjugate Base of A Strong Acid
(FROM NH₃)<---NH₄Cl---(FROM HCl)

Neutral Salts

THE CATION: comes from a strong base
THE ANION: comes from a strong acid
(From NaOH) <----NaCl-----> (FROM HCl)

Basic Salts

THE CATION: comes from the cation of a strong Base (i.e. Na+, K+, Li+)

The Anion: comes from the conjugate base of a weak acid

i.e. RbCN, LiCH₃COO

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