Ch 3- Env, psych, socio theories and integrated model

11 terms by sheppardl 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Environmental Theories

also can be called stochastic or non-genetic theories

Aging

caused by accumulation of insults from the environment

Environmental toxins include

ultra-violet, cross-linking agents (unsaturated fats), toxic chemicals (metal ions, Mg, Zn), radiation and viruses; and can result in errors in protein synthesis and in DNA synthesis/genetic sequences, cross-linkage of molecules, mutations.

Psychological Theories: Stess Theory

homeostatic imbalances result in changes in structural and chemical composition

General Adaptation Syndrome (Selye)

initial alarm reaction, progressing to stage of resistance, progressing to the stage of exhaustion; linked to hormonal theory

Erikson's bipolar theory of lifespan development: stages of later adulthood

Integrity: individual exhibits full unification of personality; life is viewed with satisfaction, optimisim, and growth. Despair: lack of ego integration; feelings of regret and disappointment and fear of death

Sociological theories

life experiences/lifestyle influences aging process

activity theory

older people that are socially active show improved adjustment to the aging process and role enactment is essential for a positive self image and satisfaction

disengagement theory

older adult is distance from society; reduction in social roles leads to further isolation and life dissatisfaction

dependency

increasing reliance on others for meeting physical and emotion needs; focus is on self

Ingrated model of aging

aging is complex, multifactorial and not one single theory about aging can adequately explain it.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set