chp 10 heart and lymph

42 terms by wperry02 

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acute coronary syndrome

sudden symptoms of insufficient blood supply to the heart indicating unstable angina or myocardial infarction

anemia

reduction in the amount of hemoglobin in the red blood cells

aneurysm

balloning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall

angina pectoris

chest pain, which may radiate to the left arm and jaw, that occurs when there is an insufficient supply of blood to the heart muscle

cardiac arrest

sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective curculation

cardiac tamponade

acute compression of the heart caused by fluid accumulation in the pericardial cavity

coarctation of the aorta

congenital cardiac condition characterized by a narrowing of the aorta

congenital heart disease

heart abnormality present at birth

congestive heart failure

inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs

coronary occlusion

obstruction of an artery of the heart

deep vein thronbosis

condition of thrombus in a deep vein of the body

dysrhythmia

any disturbance or abnormality in the heart's normal rhythmic pattern

embolus

bolld colt or foreign material, such as air or fat that enters the bloodstream and moves until it lodges at another point

fibrillation

rapid quivering, noncoordinated contractions of the atria or ventricles

hemochromatosis

an irom metabolism disorder tha occurs when too much iron is absorbed from food, resulting in excessive deposits of iron in the tissue.

hemophilia

inherited bleeding disease most commonly caused by a deficiency fo the coagulation factor VIII

hemorrhoid

varicose vein in the rectal area, which may be internal or external

hodgkin disease

malignant disorder of the lymphatic tissue characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes.

hypertensive heart disease

diorder of the hear brought about by persistnet high blood pressure

intermittent claudication

pain and discomfor in calf muscles while walking

leukemia

malignant disease cahracterized by excessive increase in abnormal white blood cell formed in the bone marrow

mitral valve stenosis

a narrowing of the mitral (bicuspid) valve from scarring, usually caused by episodes of rheumatic fever

myocardial infarction

death (necrosis) of a portion of the myocardium caused by lack of oxygen resulting from an interrupted blood supply

peripheral arterial disease

disease of the arteries, other the those of the heart and brain that affects blood circulation

rheumatic fever

an inflammatory disease, usually occurring in children and often after an upper respiratory tract streptococcal infection

rheumatic hear disease

damage to the hear muscle or heart valves caused by one or more episodes of rheumatic fever

sickle cell anemia

a hereditary hemolytic disease characterized by cresent-or sicke-shaped red blood cells

varicose veins

distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremities

aneurysmectomy

surgical exision of an aneurysm

coronary artery bypass graft

surgical technique to bring a new blood supply to heart muscle by detouring around blocked arteries

coronary stent

a supportive scaffold device inplanted in the coronary artery

defibrillation

application of an electric shock to the myocardium through the chest wall to restore normal cardiac rhythm

embolectomy

excision of an embolus or clot

femoropopliteal bypass

surgery to establish an alternate rout from femoral artery to popliteal artery to bypass an obstruction

hemorrhoidectomy

excision of hemorroids

intracoronary thrombolytic therapy

an injection of an intravenous medication dissolve blood clots in coronay vessels

laser angioplasty

the use of light amplification sy stimulated emission of radiation to open blocked arteries

mitral commissurotomy

surgical procedure to repair a stenosed mitral valve by breaking apart the leaves

percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

procedure in which a balloon is passed through a blood vessel into a coronary artery to the area where plaque is formed.

digital subtraction angioplasty

a process of digital x-ray inaging of the blood vessels that subtracts structures not being studied

doppler ultrasound

a study that uses sound to detection of blood flow within the vessels

single-photon emission computed tomography

a neclear medicine scan that visualizes the hear from several different angles.

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