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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Gonads
  2. Diabetes Mellitus
  3. Androgens
  4. Prostaglandins
  5. Hypothalamus
  1. a A group of sex hormones secreted by the testes.
  2. b It is caused by insulin deficiency in the body. This condition means that cell are unable to obtain glucose, resulting in abnormally high blood glucose readings.
  3. c The ovaries in females, and the testes in males. These are gamete-producing organs that also produce a group of steroid sex hormones. Sex hormones regulate body changes that begin at puberty.
  4. d The area of the brain that coordinates many activities of the nervous and endocrine systems. It receives information from other brain regions and then responds to these signals as well as to blood concentrations of circulating hormones.
  5. e Modified fatty acids that are secreted by most cells. They accumulate in areas where tissues are disturbed or injured. Some reduce blood pressure, and others raise blood pressure. Some cause smooth muscles to contract while still others cause smooth muscles to relax. Some even cause fever. Aspirin and acetaminophen reduce fever and decrease pain by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. This gland is located near the base of the brain and it secretes melatonin.
  2. Specialized cells in the pancreas that act as an endocrine gland. They secrete two amino acid-based hormones that regulate the level of sugar in the blood. The hormones are insulin and glucagon.
  3. Ductless organs that secrete hormones either into the bloodstream or into the extra-cellular fluid or liquid around the cell.
  4. A hormone secreted by digestive cells that stimulates other stomach cells to release digestive enzymes such as hydrochloric acid.
  5. Lipid hormones that are made from cholesterol by the body. They are also fat soluble.

5 True/False questions

  1. Parathyroid GlandsLocated near the lower part of the larynx, this endocrine gland secretes the hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Both of these hormones are derived from the same amino acid and are synthesized with iodine atoms. Thyroid-stimulating hormones (TSH) regulates the release of the thyroid hormones. Release of TSH from the anterior pituitary gland is regulated by the hypothalamus. The thyroid gland is important because it promotes human development because it produces calcitonin which stimulates the transfer of calcium ions from the blood to the bone. The thyroid hormones help maintain normal heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature. They also stimulate enzymes that are associated with glucose oxidation, oxygen consumption, generating heat, and increasing cellular metabolic rates. Lastly, they promote carbohydrate usage over fat usage for energy.

          

  2. CortisolThe ovaries in females, and the testes in males. These are gamete-producing organs that also produce a group of steroid sex hormones. Sex hormones regulate body changes that begin at puberty.

          

  3. Luteinizing Hormone (LH)A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary stimulates secretion of sex hormones from the gonads. It stimulates the secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females. In males it stimulates the testes to secrete a group of sex hormones called androgens. An example of an androgen is testosterone.

          

  4. HormonesA group of sex hormones secreted by the testes.

          

  5. Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary stimulates secretion of sex hormones from the gonads. It stimulates the secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.

          

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