5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Endocrine Glands
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Estrogen & Progesterone
- a Ductless organs that secrete hormones either into the bloodstream or into the extra-cellular fluid or liquid around the cell.
- b It is caused by insulin deficiency in the body. This condition means that cell are unable to obtain glucose, resulting in abnormally high blood glucose readings.
- c These sex hormones are stimulated to be produced by LH and FSH in females. In preparation for a possible pregnancy, these sex hormones cause the monthly release of an egg by an ovary and buildup of the uterine lining. Estrogen also regulates female secondary sex characteristics.
- d Modified fatty acids that are secreted by most cells. They accumulate in areas where tissues are disturbed or injured. Some reduce blood pressure, and others raise blood pressure. Some cause smooth muscles to contract while still others cause smooth muscles to relax. Some even cause fever. Aspirin and acetaminophen reduce fever and decrease pain by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis.
- e The adolescent stage during which the sex organs mature and secondary sex characteristics, such as facial hair appear. In males, during this stage, sperm production begins, the voice deepens, the chest broadens, and hair begins to grow on the body and face. In females, the menstrual cycle begins, the breasts grow, and the hips wide.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Proteins that bind to specific signal molecules that cause the cell to respond.
- Many hormones work together in pairs to regulate the level of critical substances. These hormones have opposite effects.
- A group of neuropeptides that inhibits pain messages traveling towards the brain.
- There are four of these glands on the back of the thyroid gland and they secrete parathyroid hormone. This stimulates the transfer of calcium ions from the bones to the blood. It has the opposite effect of calcitonin. A proper balance of calcium ions is necessary for cell division, muscle contraction, blood clotting, and neural signaling.
- A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary stimulates secretion of sex hormones from the gonads. It stimulates the secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females. In males it stimulates the testes to secrete a group of sex hormones called androgens. An example of an androgen is testosterone.
5 True/False questions
Secretin → Released by endocrine cells in the small intestine, a hormone that stimulates the release of various digestive fluids from the pancreas.
Hyperthyroidism → Abnormal thyroid overactivity can be detrimental to the body's metabolism. Overproduction of the thyroid hormones has some symptoms, such as: overactivity, weight loss, and high blood pressure, and heart rate, and body temperature. It can be treated with medication or by surgically removing part of the thyroid gland.
Glucagon → The ovaries in females, and the testes in males. These are gamete-producing organs that also produce a group of steroid sex hormones. Sex hormones regulate body changes that begin at puberty.
Steroid Hormones → Substances that are released by cells that act to regulate the activity of other cells in the body.
Amino Acid-Based Hormones → Many hormones work together in pairs to regulate the level of critical substances. These hormones have opposite effects.