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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Endocrine Glands
  2. Enkephalins
  3. Diabetes Mellitus
  4. Gonads
  5. Hypoglycemia
  1. a The ovaries in females, and the testes in males. These are gamete-producing organs that also produce a group of steroid sex hormones. Sex hormones regulate body changes that begin at puberty.
  2. b Ductless organs that secrete hormones either into the bloodstream or into the extra-cellular fluid or liquid around the cell.
  3. c Excessive insulin causes this, a disorder that causes glucose to be stored rather than used and properly delivered to body cells. This leads to lowered blood glucose concentrations and subsequent release of glucagon and epinephrine. Symptoms include lethargy, dizziness, nervousness, overactivity, and in extreme cases, unconsciousness and death.
  4. d A group of neuropeptides that inhibits pain messages traveling towards the brain.
  5. e It is caused by insulin deficiency in the body. This condition means that cell are unable to obtain glucose, resulting in abnormally high blood glucose readings.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. One of these is located over each kidney and each has an inner core, the medulla and the outer layer, the cortex. The medulla and cortex function as separate endocrine glands. Secretion of hormones in the medulla is controlled by the nervous system while hormones in the anterior pituitary regulate secretion of hormones in the cortex. The cortex responds specifically to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which is secreted by the anterior pituitary gland.
  2. This gland is located near the base of the brain and it secretes melatonin.
  3. The endocrine glands and specialized cells as a whole.
  4. Hormones made of amino acids. They can be a single modified amino acido or a protein made up of 3-200 amino acids. They are usually water soluble.
  5. A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary stimulates secretion of sex hormones from the gonads. It stimulates the secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.

5 True/False Questions

  1. InsulinA hormone secreted by digestive cells that stimulates other stomach cells to release digestive enzymes such as hydrochloric acid.


  2. Digestive CellsEndocrine cells within the walls of some digestive organs also secrete a variety of hormones that control digestive processes. Some examples of these hormones include gastrin and secretin.


  3. NeuropeptidesHormones secreted by the nervous system. Unlike neurotransmitters, they tend to affect many cells near the nerve cells that release them.


  4. Antagonistic HormonesLipid hormones that are made from cholesterol by the body. They are also fat soluble.


  5. HormonesSubstances that are released by cells that act to regulate the activity of other cells in the body.


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