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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Diabetes Mellitus
  2. Antagonistic Hormones
  3. Gastrin
  4. Cortisol
  5. Thymus Gland
  1. a A hormone secreted by digestive cells that stimulates other stomach cells to release digestive enzymes such as hydrochloric acid.
  2. b Promotes the production of glucose from proteins making usable energy available to cells.
  3. c It is located beneath the sternum and between the lungs. It plays a role in the development of the immune system. This gland secretes thymosin.
  4. d Many hormones work together in pairs to regulate the level of critical substances. These hormones have opposite effects.
  5. e It is caused by insulin deficiency in the body. This condition means that cell are unable to obtain glucose, resulting in abnormally high blood glucose readings.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. This hormone is secreted by the pineal gland and probably helps regulate sleep patterns.
  2. Ductless organs that secrete hormones either into the bloodstream or into the extra-cellular fluid or liquid around the cell.
  3. One way to maintain homeostasis inside an organism or cell, is a negative feedback loop. In this process the final step in a series of events inhibits the initial signal in the series.
  4. Released by endocrine cells in the small intestine, a hormone that stimulates the release of various digestive fluids from the pancreas.
  5. These sex hormones are stimulated to be produced by LH and FSH in females. In preparation for a possible pregnancy, these sex hormones cause the monthly release of an egg by an ovary and buildup of the uterine lining. Estrogen also regulates female secondary sex characteristics.

5 True/False questions

  1. HyperthyroidismAbnormal thyroid overactivity can be detrimental to the body's metabolism. Overproduction of the thyroid hormones has some symptoms, such as: overactivity, weight loss, and high blood pressure, and heart rate, and body temperature. It can be treated with medication or by surgically removing part of the thyroid gland.

          

  2. Parathyroid GlandsLocated near the lower part of the larynx, this endocrine gland secretes the hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Both of these hormones are derived from the same amino acid and are synthesized with iodine atoms. Thyroid-stimulating hormones (TSH) regulates the release of the thyroid hormones. Release of TSH from the anterior pituitary gland is regulated by the hypothalamus. The thyroid gland is important because it promotes human development because it produces calcitonin which stimulates the transfer of calcium ions from the blood to the bone. The thyroid hormones help maintain normal heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature. They also stimulate enzymes that are associated with glucose oxidation, oxygen consumption, generating heat, and increasing cellular metabolic rates. Lastly, they promote carbohydrate usage over fat usage for energy.

          

  3. Digestive CellsSpecific cells that hormones travel to, to produce a specific effect.

          

  4. AndrogensA group of sex hormones secreted by the testes.

          

  5. PancreasIt mostly contains exocrine cells, but specialized cells in the pancreas call the islets of Langerhans, function as an endocrine gland.

          

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