founded in 1000 B.C.E., represents scientific yoga. If was first presented by Sage Patanjali. Raja yoga seeks to unify Brahman (divine, oneness) & Atman (pure consciousness). It is practiced as a sitting meditation. This is the earliest recorded form of Yoga.
founded in 900 B.C.E., represents yoga of philosophy & self-knowledge. It was first presented in the Upanishads (philosopher's texts). Jnana yoga seeks to use the intellect and power of reason to penetrate the veil of illusion (known as Maya) to find the "space within the heart" (pure consciousness). It is an intellectually rigorous process.
founded in 300 B.C.E., represents yoga of spiritual action & selfless service to humanity. It first appeared as a central theme in the text the Bhagavad Gita written by Sage Vsaya. At it's core it is based on the Universal Law of Karma, e.g. Good Action create Good Results. It is practiced by using mental cleansing and periods of contemplation of one's actions.
founded in the 4th century C.E., represents yoga that harnesses the energy of the sense & imagination to achieve higher consciousness and enlightenment. It was presented by the Sage Asanga. This area of yoga is widely (and incorrectly) known as "Sexual". Only 6% of Tantric philosophical texts concern sex. Most practices contain rituals: systematic practices that carry meaning; mantras: spoken syllables or phrases; mandalas: elaborate circular symbology representing unity & wholeness. Tantric yoga is the 1st practice that includes physical postures, or asanas.
founded in 1000-1200 C.E., represents devotional yoga (including prayers & chanting). It was presented by Sage Ramanuja. The practice includes prayers, songs of praise, mantras, & meditation used to unite Brahman (divine, oneness) & Atman (pure consciousness). To achieve unity one must remain detached from the ego & self. Without detachment the mind can slip into hysteria.
founded in 1000 C.E., represents a primarily physical form of yoga, which includes both asana (poses) & pranayama (breath). This form seeks to use asana, breath work, meditation to reach spiritual enlightenment. This is the first form of yoga to recognize Asana (derived from Tantric Yoga). This is the first "hybrid" school of yoga. It includes practices from both Raja & Tantric yoga. Ha=sun + tha=moon.
Benefits & Contraindications
Many of these benefits are gained because of increased physical activity, flexibility, and breath work associated with yoga. Many of the contraindications pose a risk to the safe practice of those with injuries that will limit their ability to maintain neutral alignment in postures or who experience challenging cardiovascular thereby limiting their capacity to breathe comfortably. There are also safety concerns for inversions, which can be challenging. The can cause injury or dizziness to those who are active. Many inversions are not recommended for those who have head, neck, & spinal injuries or are pregnant/menstruating
Reenergize the Body
Reduces Stress & Anxiety
Reduces Blood Pressure
Decrease Heart Rate
Lowers Breath Rate
Increases Personal Space
Teaches Techniques to Clear the MindReduces Emotional & Mental Confusion
Restores Balance & Lifts Spirit
Assists in Breaking Habits
Asthma, Breathing Issues, Lung Problems
Back Injury, Head Injury, Slipped Disks
Eye Injury, Glaucoma
Dizziness, Ear problems, Migraine, Sinus