Veterinary Medical Terminology- Common Anatomical Terms for Equine Species

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46 terms · Common Anatomical Terms for Equine Species ~VETT118 Veterinary Medical Terminology San Juan College Veterinary Technician ~Veterinary Medical Terminology by: J. Romich Chapter 4 Head to Toe (and Parts in Between)

Barrel

capacity of the chest of trunk

bars

raised V-shaped structure on distal surface of hoof

cannon bone

third metacarpal of the horse; also called the shin bone

cheek

fleshy portion of either side of the face; forms the side of the mouth and continues rostrally to the lips

chest

part of the body between the neck and abdomen; the thorax

chestnuts

horny, irregular growths on the medial surface of the equine leg; in the front legs, the chestnuts are just above the knee; in the rear legs the chestnuts are near the hock

coffin joint

distal interphalangeal joint (joint between the short pastern and the coffin bones [phalanges 11 and 111, respectively]) in ungulates

corners

third incisors of equine

coronary band (coronet)

junction between the skin and the horn of the hoof

crest

root of the mane

croup

muscular area around and above the tail base

cutters

second incisors of equine

dock

solid part of the equine tail

elbow

forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius, and proximal ulna

ergot

small keratinized mass of horn in a small bunch of hair on the palmar or plantar aspects of the equine fetlock

fetlock

the area of the limb between the pastern and the cannon

fetlock joint

metarcapophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the cannon bone and long pastern bone [phalanx 1] in ungulates

flank

side of the body between the ribs and ilium

forelock

in maned animals, the most cranial part of the mane hanging down between the ears and onto the forehead

frog

V-shaped pad of soft horn between the bars on the sole of the equine hoof.

gaskin (crus)

muscular portion of the hind-limb between the stifle and the hock

heart girth

circumference of the chest just caudal tot he shoulders and cranial to the back

heel

caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the bulb

hoof

hard covering of the digit in ungulates

hoofwall

hard, horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates

knee

carpus in ungulates

ungulates

animal with hoofs

loin

lumbar region of the back between the thorax and pelvis

mane

region of long, coarse hair at the dorsal boarder of the neck and terminating at the pole

muzzle

two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lower lip

nippers

central incisors of equine

paralumbar fossa

hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally), the last rib (cranially), and the thigh muscles (caudally)

pastern

area of the limb between the fetlock and hoof

pastern joint

Proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones [phalanges I and II, respectively]) in ungulates.

poll

the top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest

quarter

lateral or medial side of hoof

shoulder

region around the large joint between the head of the humerus and a cavity of the scapula

sole

palmar and planter surface of the hoof; irregular crescent-shapped bottom of the hoof

stifle joint

femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds

tail

caudal part of the vertebrate column extending beyond the trunk

tail head

base of the tail where it connects to the body

teat

nipple of mammary gland

toe

crainal side of the hoof

udder

mammary gland

white line

fusion between the wall and sole of the hoof

withers

region over the dorsum where the neck joins the thorax and where the dorsal margins of the scapula lie just below the skin

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