Veterinary Medical Terminology- Common Anatomical Terms for Cattle

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Common Anatomical Terms for Cattle ~VETT118 Veterinary Medical Terminology San Juan College Veterinary Technician ~Veterinary Medical Terminology by: J. Romich Chapter 4 Head to Toe (and Parts in Between)

Brisket

Mass of connective tissue, muscle, and fat covering the cranioventral part of the ruminant chest between the forelegs.

Cannon Bone

Third and fourth metacarpal (metatarsal) of the ruminant (not commonly used) also called the shin bone.

Coffin bone

Distal interphalangeal joint (joint between the short pastern and coffin bones [phalanges II and III, respectively]) in ungulates.

Crest

Dorsal margin of the neck.

Dewclaw

Accessory claw of the ruminant foot that that projects caudally from the fetlock.

Dewlap

Loose skin under the throat and neck, which may become pendulous in some breeds.

Dock

Solid part of the tail.

Elbow

Forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius, and proximal ulna.

Fetlock joint

metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the cannon bone and the long pastern bone [phalanx I ]) in ungulates.

Flank

Side of the body between the ribs and ilium.

Forearm

part of the foreleg supported by the radius and ulna, between the elbow and knee.

Forehead

Region of the head between the eyes and ears.

Heart girth

Circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back.

Heel

Caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the bulb.

Hock

Tarsal joint.

Hoof

Hard covering of the digit in ungulates.

Hoof wall

Hard; horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates.

Hooks

Protrusion of the wing of the ilium on the dorsolateral area of ruminants.

Knee

Carpus in ungulates.

Loin

Lumbar region of the back, between the thorax and pelvis.

Muzzle

Two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lower lip.

Paralumbar fossa

Hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally), the last rib (cranially), and the thigh muscles (caudally).

Pastern joint

Proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones [phalanges I and II, respectively]) in ungulates.

Pedal

pertaining to the foot.

Pins

Protrusion of the ischium bones just lateral to the base of the tail in ruminants.

Poll

Top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest.

Quarter

One of the four glands in the cow's udder.

Shoulder

Region around the large joint between the humerus and scapula.

Sole

Palmar of or plantar surface of the hoof; bottom of hoof.

Stifle joint

Femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds.

Switch

Tuft of hair at the end of the tail.

Tail

Caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk.

Tail Head

Base of the tail where it connects to the body.

Teat

Nipple of mammary gland.

Toe

Cranial end of the hoof.

Udder

Mammary gland.

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