Unit 5 Africa (Intro and chapter 23)

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Victoria Falls

Serengeti Plains

Mt. Kilimanjaro

Nile River

Dr. Livingstone

F. W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela

...

Nelson Mandela's cell on Robben Island

Table Mountain

camel caravan

apartheid

the former policy of racial segregation and oppression in the Republic of South Africa

multiracial

made up of people from several ethnic groups

segregation

separation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences

Boers

Dutch farmers who settled in Cape Town

Afrikaans

in South Africa, Dutch was combined with African terms and became the language

Afrikaners

Afrikaans-speaking people who have been established in Southern Africa since the 17th century and are mainly of northwestern European descent.

the Great Trek

Migration of Dutch to the north to escape British rule in South Africa

homelands

rural territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa as part of the policy of apartheid

townships

Special areas of crowded clusters of tiny homes for Black South Africans living outside cities.

African National Congress

A political organization created in 1912 to oppose white domination in South Africa. The group protested through marches, boycotts, and strikes

Soweto

a collection of South African townships where, in 1976, riots resulted in 600 deaths

F.W. de Klerk

the last State President of apartheid-era South Africa. Known for engineering the end of apartheid

Truth and Reconciliation Commission

a court-like body assembled in South Africa after the abolition of apartheid, where witnesses who were identified as victims of gross human rights violations were invited to give statements about their experiences

Desmond Tutu

He was a Black South African archbishop who opposed apartheid but rejected violence. He won the Noble Peace Prize for his work to bring an end to apartheid

Employment Equity Act

South African legislation intended to remove employment barriers and promote equality for the members of designated groups including women, blacks, coloreds Asians, and persons with disabilities.

Jared Diamond

Author of Guns, Germs, and Steel

Sahel

a vast semiarid region of North Africa, south of the Sahara, that forms a transitional zone between the desert and the grassland regions.

North Africa, East Africa, West Africa, Central/Southern Africa

the four sub-regions of Africa

the Niger

the third longest river in Africa

the Sahara

largest desert in the world

savanna

a dry grassland dotted with trees and bushes, found in sub-Saharan Africa and other tropical or subtropical regions

Africa

second largest continent

Nile River Valley

one of the world's first civilizations developed along the banks of the Nile River in Egypt

nomadic herding

A traditional grazing method in which nomadic herdsmen wander freely over rangelands in search of good grazing for their livestock.

Liberia

African nation founded as a home for freed slaves

Ethiopia

East African nation that has been independent for over 2,000 years

Lake Victoria

the largest lake in Africa and the 2nd largest fresh water lake in the world

Lake Tanganyika

the longest lake in the world in central Africa between Tanzania and Congo

Koysan

South Africa's earliest inhabitants

Bantu

a large group of central and southern Africans who speak related languages and who have common ancestry from thousands of years ago

Zulu

indigenous African tribe that resisted Boers' migration

Ghana

formerly known as the Gold Coast; first West African state to gain independence with a democratically stable government

Robben Island

maximum state security prison in South Africa which held political prisoners during apartheid including Nelson Mandela

Suez Canal

100-mile waterway that links the Mediterranean and the Red Sea

Berlin Conference

A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules pertaining to colonization of Africa

Rhodesian Ridgeback!

reconciliation

the restoring of a friendship through the asking for and receiving of forgiveness

oases

Places in the desert made fertile by the presence of water.

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