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Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 quiz review Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. What is the cell membrane made up of and what is its function?
  2. What is mitosis?
  3. What is a negative feedback mechanism?
  4. What is diffusion and how does it work?
  5. What is contained in the spinal cavity?
  1. a Cell division involving one cell with the diploid number of chromosomes dividing into two identical cells.
    (used for repair of tissues and growth of the organism)
  2. b Spinal vertebre
  3. c movement of molecules from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration along the concentration gradient. Very slow process. FOR MOLECULES
    (Example: exchange of gases in lungs or body tissues)
  4. d bodys response to stimuli reverses the stimulus in effect turning it off for a while and keeps the body within normal range
  5. e outer boundary of a cell made up of phospholipids, cholesterol and proteins.
    its main job is to protect the cell and acts as a barrier for communication and assists in transport

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. 1. Blood- plasma, RBC, WBC and platelets
    2. Areolar- Subcutaneous. Connects skin to muscles. Mucous membranes
    3. Adipose- Subcutaneous. Sores excess energy in fat. (insulation)
    4. Fibrous- Tendons and ligaments and dermis of skin (strong)
    5. Elastic- Walls of large arteries and alveoli in lungs (promotes normal exhalation and helps maintain blood pressure)
    6. Bone- Support the body, protect internal organs, store calcium and contain and protect red bone marrow
    7. Cartilage- Wall of trachea to keep airway open, on joint surfaces to prevent friction, tips of nose and outer ears. Absorbs shock between vertebrae
  2. covalent bond formed between two atoms of sulfur
    (ex: strand of hair maintains its shape)
  3. Serous membranes: line some closed body cavities and cover the organs in those cavities (thoracic and abdominal cavities) CAVITIES THAT AREN'T OPEN TO AIR
    Mucous Membranes: line the body tracts that have openings to the environment and have a mucous membrane to keep the lining of the cells wet (vagina, trachea, esophagus and stomach)
  4. diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane. water will move from an area with more present to an area with less water present. takes place in the kidneys which reabsorb large amounts of water. FOR WATER
  5. Covalent bonds share electrons between atoms
    (ex: H20 or water)

5 True/False Questions

  1. What are the 2 major types of membranes found in the body?- cell membrane
    - nucleus
    - cytoplasm and organelles

          

  2. What is contained in the pelvic cavity?Contains skull and brain (CNS)

          

  3. Describe a Hydrogen bond?does not involve the sharing of electrons but results in hydrogen atoms
    (ex: water molecules are attracted to nearby water molecules to form surface tension)

          

  4. What are the different kinds of bonding atoms?1. Sagittal plane which divides left from right (cut down the middle would be mid-sagittal)
    2. Frontal plane which divides the body front to back (Coronal)
    3. Transverse plane which is a horizontal plane that separates the body into upper and lower portions (cuts you at belly button into upper body and lower body)

          

  5. What is contained in the abdominal cavity?liver, stomach and intestines

          

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