Menstrual Cycle and Female Hormones

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ovarian cycle

changes occuring in the ovaries due to hormone changes

menstrual cycle

changes occuring in the uterus due to hormone changes

28 days

lenght of menstrual cycle on average

releasing hormone

stimulates anterior pituitary

follicle stimulating hormone

stimulates follicle and oocyte development in ovary

luteinizing hormone

causes follicle to mature and break open

estrogen

causes endometrium to thicken

progesterone

causes and mantains the endometrium's thickening

proliferation phase

endometrium is fully removed, and has started to grow back

menstrual phase

low estrogen levels, causing the endometrium to begin breaking down

follicular phase

low estrogen levels causes the secretion of FSH and LH

ovulation

egg has been released into the oviduct because of maximum level of estrogen

luteal phase

egg has been released, estrogen and progesterone increase, endometrium is thickening

corpus luteum

contains progesterone and estrogen, stuff that dies off during luteal phase

anterior pituitary

contains FSH and LH

hypothalamus

contains the releasing hormone

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