The process of examining and measuring one's own thoughts and mental activities.
Early perspective in psychology associated with Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener, in which the focus of the study is the structure or basic elements of the mind.
Early perspective in psychology associated with William James, in which the focus of study is how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work, and play. Influenced by Darwin. How our behaviors function allow people to adapt to their environments.
Early perspective in psychology focusing on perception and sensation, particularly the perception of patterns and whole figures.
The theory and therapy based on the work of Sigmund Freud. Focused on early childhood and the unconscious mind.
John Watson. The science of behavior that focuses on observable behavior only. Stimulus response theory.
Modern version of psychoanalysis that is more focused on the development of a sense of self and the discovery of other motivations behind a person's behavior than sexual motivations.
Study of the physical changes in the brain and nervous system during thinking.
Perspective that focuses on the relationship between social behavior and culture.
Perspective that attributes human and animal behavior to biological events occurring in the body, such as genetic influences, hormones, and the activity of the nervous system
Perspective that focuses on the biological bases of universal mental characteristics that all humans share.
A medical doctor who has specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders
Either a psychiatrist or a psychologist who has special training in the theories of Sigmund Freud and his method of psychoanalysis.
Psychiatric Social Worker
A social worker with some training in therapy methods who focuses on the environmental conditions that can have an impact on mental disorders, such as poverty, overcrowding, stress, and drug abuse.
A professional with an academic degree and specialized training in one or more areas of psychology.
In research, repeating a study or experiment to see if the same results will be obtained in an effort to demonstrate reliability of results.
tendency of people or animals to behave differently from normal when they know they are being observed.
a naturalistic observation in which the observer becomes a participant in the group being observed.
A number derived from the formula for measuring a correlation and indicating the strength and direction of a correlation.
A deliberate manipulation of a variable to see if corresponding changes in behavior result, allowing the determination of cause-and-effect relationships.
Variable in an experiment that represents the measurable response or behavior of the subjects in the experiment.
Subjects in an experiment who are not subjected to the independent variable and who may receive a placebo treatment.
Process of assigning subjects to the experimental or control groups randomly, so that each subject has an equal chance of being in either group.
The phenomenon in which the expectations of the participants in a study can influence their behavior.
Tendency of the experimenter's expectations for a study to unintentionally influence the results of the study.
Study in which the subjects do not know if they are in the experimental or control group.
Study in which neither the experimenter nor the subjects know if the subjects are in the experimental or control group.
Systems of explaining human behavior that are not based on or consistent with scientific evidence.
Nativist (heredity provides us with knowledge and gives us the ability to reason) and Dualist.
Use of scientific method. Wrote the first psychology textbook and first research lab at University of Leipzig in 1879.
Carl Rodgers and Abraham Maslow. Free will. Is studies the human growth potential of an individual. Know as the "Third Force"
The Scientific Method
1. Perceive 2. Hypothesize 3. Test 4. Draw Conclusions 5. Report, Revise, Replicate
Focuses on memory, intelligence, perception, thought processes, problem solving, language, and learning