Plant and Animal Cell Parts and Functions

Created by bxchick1230 

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Cell Wall

a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell

Chloroplast

an organelle found in plant and algae cells containing chlorophyll, where photosynthesis occurs

Centrioles

organelles made of microtubules involved in cell division

Golgi Apparatus

organelle that modifies, sorts, and packages products from the endoplasmic reticulum

Centrosome

microtubule-organizing center

Cilia

short, hair-like structures that enable movement of cells

Flagellum

a long, whiplike structure that helps a cell to move

Lysosomes

An organelle containing digestive enzymes

Peroxisomes

organelle containing enzymes used to break down hydrogen peroxide

Mitochondria

Powerhouse of the cell, site of cellular respiration

Nucleus

a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction

Nucleolus

structure inside the nucleus, where ribosomes are made

Ribosomes

site of protein synthesis

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

Ribosome studded organelle. site of protein synthesis and transport

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

No ribosomes, site of lipid synthesis

Vacuole

membrane-bound storage for food, water, minerals, waste

Central Vacuole

membrane bound sac in mature plant cell with roles in reproduction, growth, and development.

Plasma Membrane

a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell. controls passage of substances in and out of the cell

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