a wide variety of cultures
a family relationship
group of families from common ancestor
group of lineages
storyteller, historian for a village or clan
traces heritage through female lineage
moving to cities
expanded semi-desert, south edge of the Sahara
when fertile land turns to desert
overgrazing & drought
2 causes of desertification
killing grass by pulling up by the roots; contributes to increased desertification
what fraction of Mali is desert
which city in Mali is a former important crossroad for trade?
Nomadic Tuareg life is changing due to lack of _________.
who is helping with education and irrigation?
which language and/or ethnicity is an Arab/African mix
culture from ancestors
idea introduced by europeans
broken up, given back to natives
where monks train/study
old Ethiopian language no longer spoken
which country was never colonized?
which country broke away from ethiopia in a 30-year civil war?