A break in the bone.
Cast or splint applied.
Surgical intervention with devices such as wires, metal plates, or screws to hold the bones in alignment (internal fixation).
Pulling force used to hold the bones in plane- used for fractures of long bones.
Common in children, bone bent and splintered but never completely separates.
closed or simple fracture
Bone is broken, bone does not break the skin.
open or compound fracture
Broken bone pieces pierce the skin, can lead to infection.
Splintered or broken into many pieces.
Bone twists, resulting in one or more breaks.
Bone displaced from proper position in joint.
Sudden or unusual motion, ligaments torn, but joint not dislocated.
Overstretching or tearing muscle.
Inflammation of one or more joints.
Lateral curvature (s-curvature or side to side curvature).
Using x-rays to evaluate and diagnose bone conditons and injuries.
Examination into joint using arthroscope with fiber optic lens, most knee injuries treated with this.