the world's largest peninsula, located in Southwest Asia
a body of water located between the Arabian Peninsula and the Zagros mountains in Iran; it has enormous oil deposits along its shores.
four main landforms of this region"
rivers, plains, plateaus, and mountains
a major river in Southwest Asia; with the Euphrates River it defined the "land between the rivers" known as Mesopotamia
a river in Southwest Asia`
rivers that begin in humid regions and then flow through dry areas
one of the region's most valuable resources but is very scarce
water that is not being replaced by rainfall
another important resource but might run out soon
Climate in Saudi Arabia
world's largest sand desert that covers much of southern Saudi Arabia. It's name means "Empty Quarter", a name given to the area because there is so little life there.
another large desert
climate in some plateau and mountain areas
semiarid steppe climate
a wet, fertile area in a desert that forms where underground water bubbles to the surface
by far, the largest of the countries of the Arabian Peninsula and is also a major religious and cultural center and has one of the region's strongest economies.
a religion founded in Saudi Arabia by Muhammad that is based on submitting to God and on messages Muslims believe God gave to Muhammad.
the holy book of Islam
two main branches of Islam
Shia and Sunni
believe that true interpretation of Islamic teaching can only come from certain religious and political leaders
believe in the ability of the majority of the community to interpret Islamic teachings
percent of Sunni Muslims
usually wear a long, loose shirt and often wear a cotton headdress held in place with a cord.
traditionally wear wear a black cloak and veil in public, although some now wear Western-style clothing
Saudi Arabia's government
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
an international organization whose members work to influence the price of oil on world markets by controlling the supply
a series of steps taken to accomplish a task
economic challenges in Saudi Arabia
it must import much of its food because freshwater needed for farming is scarce. The country uses desalination plants to remove salt from sea water. Another challenge is its high unemployment rate.
percent of Saudis that are younger than 15
the six countries that make up Saudi Arabia
Kuwait, Bahrain, Yemen,m Oman, Qatar and The United Arab Emirates
Oil was first discovered there in the 1930s and has made this country very rich. In 1990, It was invaded by Iraq to try to control its oil, starting the Persian Gulf War. The Untied States and other countries defeated Iraq, but the war caused major destruction to the country's oil fields. The country's government is dominated by a royal family. and elected a legislature is 1992. Only men from certain families---less than 15 percent of it's population---had the right to vote in these elections, but recently gave women a right to vote.
a group of islands in the Persian Gulf. It is a monarchy with a legislature. It is a rich country and most people there live in big, modern, cities. Oil has made this country very wealthy, but in the 1990s the country began to run out of oil. Now, banking and tourism are major industries.