8 - Inequalities of race and ethnicity

22 terms by Lisa88 

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assimilation

the process whereby a minority group is absorbed into the mainstream culture

authoritarian personality

Theodor Adorno's term for people who are prejudiced and rank high on scales of conformity, intolerance, insecurity, respect for authority, and submissiveness to superiors

compartmentalize

to separate acts from feelings or attitudes

discrimination

an act of unfair treatment directed against an individual or a group

dominant group

the group with the most power, greatest privileges, and highest social status

dual labour market

workers split along racial, ethnic, gender, age, or any other lines; this split is exploited by owners to weaken the bargaining power of workers

ethnic (and ethnicity)

having distinctive cultural characteristics

genocide

the systematic annihilation or attempted annihilation of a people based on their presumed race or ethnicity (p

individual discrimination

the negative treatment of one person by another on the basis of that person's perceived characteristics

institutional discrimination

negative treatment of a minority group that is built into a society's institutions; also called systemic discrimination

internal colonialism

the policy of economically exploiting minority groups

minority group

a group discriminated against on the basis of its members' physical or cultural characteristics

multiculturalism

a philosophy or political policy that permits or encourages ethnic variation

population transfer

involuntary movement of a minority group

postcolonialism

the theory concerned with how to understand the cultural products (print and visual media, literature, the arts, and, of course, language) coming from societies that were once colonies of Europe.

prejudice

an attitude of prejudging, usually in a negative way

race

inherited physical characteristics that distinguish one group from another

racism

prejudice and discrimination on the basis of race

reserve labour force

he unemployed; unemployed workers are thought of as being "in reserve"-capitalists take them "out of reserve" (put them back to work) during times of high production and then lay them off (put them back in reserve) when they are no longer needed

scapegoat

an individual or group unfairly blamed for someone else's troubles

segregation

the policy of keeping racial or ethnic groups apart

selective perception

seeing certain features of an object or situation, but remaining blind to others

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