active in Arizona, 1880-1881, gun fighting, died from tuberculosis, anty
Jess James, was an outlaw. He robbed banks a lot of them in Trains at the Transcontinental River. Bobby Chord assassinated, he was his possy member and turned on him, he was active in Missouri, Minnesota, and Iowa
anty, he was active in Kansas and Ariozona from 1875-1881, he was famous from a famous shoot off in Tombstone, AZ, he died of natural causes
He was active from 1873-1895, he was an outlaw and killed over 40 people
She nicknamed herself BANDIT QUEEN, RAN WITH COLE YOUNGER AND NEW JAMES BOYS, HORSE THIEF
Which cities were the last before the frontier?
St. Joseph and Independence, Missouri
unsettled/sparsely are of the country
What played a key role in settling west and what did it have?
Railroads, natural resources and goods
What two states did Gold and Silver draw fortune seekers to and in what year?
Colorado and Nevada, 1859
a town that has a sudden burst of economic/population growth
What are 4 places where gold was found?
Black Hills, SD/Cripple Creek, CL/Pikes Peek/Yukon Territory
recovered more minerals, but left hillsides bear of vegetation and pollutes rivers
Instead of prospectors, what did mining turn to to do the work?
What were 2 reasons why mining was hard and dangerous?
By when was the mining boom over, what happened to people who worked in mines and what did boomtowns become?
1890s, unemployed, ghostowns
Before when did the cattle industry exist?
What changed made the cattle industry big?
THE EXTENSION OF THE RAILROAD from Chicago and St. Louis into Kansas
Where did Cowhands begin to drive cattle to? Where would they be shipped?
Abilene Kansas, east
cattle drive to a cow town
What was the first cowhand trail?
Cattle trail that begin in San Antonia and ended in Abilene, Kansas
First cowhands and they came from Spain in the 1500s
What did Americans learn from the vaquero?
To rope and ride, give the americans the saddle, spurs, and chaps
In the 1800s what were many cowhands?
Mexican and Black
Why did Black cowhands come west?
Blackcodes during and after reconstructions
At first, what did cow towns not have? What did that cause? Who also did it? Why?
No Law enforcement, men drank, gambled, and swindled people, Civil War Veterans because of hard feelings after the war
Who were 4 famous people in the Wild West?
Billy the Kid, James Brothers, John Wesley Hardin, Belle Star
Because of crime, what did citizens form?
people who took the law into their own hands and they usually did no trials and they hung people
How long did the cattle industry boom?
By when did the cattle industry come to an end? Why?
1886, The price of beef fell/Barbed wire was invented/Harsh winter (86-87) and cattle died because of that
What did women in the west face? What did they try to do?
Hardship and loneliness, they tried to turn the west into settled communities
a piece of land and the house on it
While men left the homestead, what did most women do?
they stayed behind
What type of jobs were available for women?
traditional and nontraditional jobs
Which women had more rights, west or east? What could women in that side do?
west, owned property/control their own money, in 1869, Wyoming gave women the right to vote and by 1900, so did Colorado, Utah, and Idaho
What did most americans think of the west as? Why?
Larger than life, "dime" fiction novels and non fiction which exaggerated real life accounts
Who brought the west to people through wild west show?
William "Buffalo Bill" Cody
Wild West Show
It cost 50 cents and lasted 3 hours. They traveled all over the world, the star-spangled banner, then they wen around wildly. Annie Oakley shot targets off of her poodle's head. They did reenactments in active buffalo hunt, They had a crew of 700 including Sitting Bull and Native Americans, they had animals and gears (such as ammunition)