psychology unit 8b 1-40

40 terms by dylanlowdermilk 

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The basic components of emotion are

expressive behaviors, physiological arousal, and conscious experience.

The idea that an emotion-arousing stimulus is simultaneously routed to the cortex and to the sympathetic nervous system is central to the

Cannon-Bard theory.

The two-factor theory of emotion was proposed by

Stanley Schachter and Jerome Singer.

the two factor theory of emotion places more emphasis on the importance of ________ than do other theories of emotion.

cognitive activity

The autonomic nervous system regulates the ________ that accompanies different emotions.

physiological arousal

A hormone that increases heart rate, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels in times of emergency is

epinephrine.

Lillian will be taking an entrance exam for law school this afternoon. She is likely to

do well on the exam if her physiological arousal is moderate.

Which of the following is LEAST likely to occur when you are evacuated from a building that is on fire?

heart rate slows

Observers watching fearful faces show more brain activity in the ________ than do those watching angry faces.

amygdala

Observers watching angry faces show less brain activity in the ________ than do those watching fearful faces.

thalamus

Electrical stimulation of the ________ has been observed to trigger smiling and laughter in depressed patients.

nucleus accumbens

As people experience positive emotions, an increase in brain activity is most evident in the

left frontal lobe.

The right prefrontal cortex is more active than the left prefrontal cortex when people experience

disgust.

Research on the accuracy of lie detector tests indicates that they

err about one-third of the time.

Polygraphs are designed to measure the changes in breathing, cardiovascular activity, and perspiration that are thought to accompany specific emotions. Which theory of emotion best supports this assumption?

Cannon-Bard

Which of the following brain areas became especially active when a research participant lied about holding a five of clubs?

anterior cingulate cortex

Lee was momentarily terrified as a passing automobile nearly sideswiped his car. When one of his passengers joked that he almost had a two-color car, Lee laughed uncontrollably. Lee's emotional volatility best illustrates the

spillover effect.

Bradley was romantically interested in Angel. Based on research by Stanley Schachter and Jerome Singer, if Bradley wishes to increase the odds that she will return his interest, he should

take her rock climbing.

Paul Whalen and his colleagues demonstrated that subliminal exposure to fearful eyes triggered increased activity in the

amygdala

People are especially good at quickly detecting facial expressions of

anger.

The most unambiguous nonverbal clue to our specific emotional state is provided by our

facial muscles

When shown a face with an evenly mixed expression of fear and anger, ________ children were much quicker than other children to see anger.

physically abused

The eyebrows raised and pulled together most clearly signal

fear.

People often overestimate the clarity of their intentions in their e-mails because they underestimate the importance of ________ in communication.

tones of voice

Compared with males, females are more likely to cry and report distress when observing someone in distress. This best illustrates

empathy.

People from different cultures are most likely to differ with respect to

how they interpret hand gestures such as the "thumbs up" signal.

Who suggested that a sneer retains elements of baring one's teeth so as to threaten predators?

Charles Darwin

North Americans are more likely than Japanese citizens to display their feelings openly. This cultural difference best reflects the American culture's greater emphasis on

individuality

The suggestion that "a happy face creates a merry soul" is most consistent with the

James-Lange theory.

Repeatedly saying the word "me" puts people in a better mood than repeatedly saying "you." This best illustrates the

facial feedback effect

People experience a mood shift when they switch from taking short shuffling steps to taking long strides and swinging their arms by their sides. This best illustrates

the behavior feedback phenomenon.

Which researcher proposed that there are 10 basic emotions?

Carroll Izard

Anger is to rage as fear is to

terror.

Most young children are fearful of bees, even though they have never been stung by one. This best illustrates that fear

can be learned through observation.

Rabbits fail to react with fear to a signal of impending shock if they have suffered damage to the part of the brain called the

amygdala

6.
If intense fears of specific objects disrupt people's ability to cope, they are said to experience

phobias

The term catharsis refers to emotional

release

After 9/11, Americans who responded with anger more than fear also displayed

more intolerance for immigrants

Milan is upset with his wife because she was over an hour late in picking him up at the airport. He is likely to deal most effectively with his feelings of irritation toward her by telling her

"I'm really angry that I had to wait so long for you to get here."

Rosaria is upset with her husband for not putting his dirty clothes in the laundry basket. Anger experts would most likely recommend that she deal with her frustration by saying to him

"It annoys me that you leave your dirty clothes for me to pick up."

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