Chpt 1 LearnSmart Anatomy and Physiology Saladin

81 terms by starsndmoon

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

a(n) _____ ______ is a group of organs working together for a coordinated function

organ system

good criteria for a good hypothesis

It is consistent with what is already known
It is testable and falsifiable

gross anatomy

study of bodily organs that can be seen without magnification

The process of carefully separating of tissue to reveal anatomical relationships

Dissection

Levels of hierarchy of the body

atom
cell
tissue
organ
organ system
Organism

Name the term for a generalization about the predictable ways in which matter and energy behave

the law of nature

Identify the benefits of a large sample size

1) It enables us to place greater confidence in the outcome
2) Controls for individual variation
3) It controls for chance events
Note: Can't eliminate random variation

Inductive method allows one to make conclusions based on ____

observation

The hypothetico-deductive method allows one to make conclusions based on _____

experimentation

Name the process of eliminating metabolic waste products from the body

excretion

Organisms respond to _____ or changes in their environment

stimuli

Change in the genetic composition of a population of organisms over a period of time

Evolution

The tendency of a living body organism to maintain relatively stable internal conditions in spite of greater changes in its external environments is known as

Homeostasis

a(n) ______is a molecule, cell or organ that directly carries out a response to a stimulus

Effector

the____theory states that all living organisms are composed of cells.

Cell- Schleiden and Schwann are credited

Experimenter bias is

the conscious or subconscious influence an experimenter may have on their interpretation of their data

An aggregation of cells and extracellular material, which perform a discrete function is known as a

tissue- 4 primary classes are
epithelial
connective
muscular
nervous

Name the smallest unit of an organism that can carry out all functions of life

single cell

The _____method of study is the process of drawing conclusions and making predictions from repeated observation

inductive

Name the term for an explanatory statement, or set of statements, that concisely summarizes the state of knowledge on a phenomenon and provides a direction for further study

Theory

Fact

information that can be independently verified by any trained person in the field.

The _____is a process by which an educated guess is capable of being tested and may be proven false by experimentation

Scientific Method

A change in the relative frequencies of alleles in a population over a period of time is called ______

evolution-
is the mechanism that produces adaptations in human form and function

Identify Forces that may serve as selective pressures

disease
climate
predators

Name the evolutionary process that leads to the establishment of species characteristics that favor survival and reproduction

Adaptation

A single complete individual capable of response to stimuli, reproduction, growth, and development, and maintenence of homeostasis is termed a (n)______

organism

Name the structure made by joining 2 or more different atoms

molecule
(same element for example H..but you can have 2 atoms of H=H2)

A(n) _____is any anatomical structure that is composed with at least two different tissue types, has recognizable structural boundaries, and has a discrete function different from the structure around it

organ

The inductive method allows one to make conclusions based on

observations

A(n) _____review is the method of evaluation of results by other experts in that field

peer

Name the physicians to Roman gladiators who wrote on the anatomy of humans based on his dissections of pigs monkey's and other animals

Claudius Galen

Was one of the first Philosopher to write about anatomy and physiology and wrote a book "Of the parts of Animals"

Aristotle

Name the philosopher who believed that, not only could disease have supernatural causes, but natural causes as well, and argued that complex structures are built from a smaller variety of simple components

Aristotle

A self-amplifyng cycle in which a physiological change leads to an even greater change in the same direction is _______

positive feedback

True/False the study of ultra structure focuses on examining individual cells, but not their internal components

False the study of ultrastructure focuses on structures WITHIN cells. The study of cells is cytology

______surgery is the practice of diagnosing illness by opening the body

Exploratory

Who is the Greek physician who established a code of ethics and urged physicians to seek natural causes for disease

Hippocrates

Blood pressure is controlled by ______feedback mechanism

negative

A receptor that detects pressure change is called______

Baroreceptor

_____equilibrium occurs when there is a set average point and conditions fluctuate around that point

Dynamic

The name for a cell or organ that is specialized to detect a stimulus, such as a taste cell or a rod or cone of the eye, is a ____

Receptor

In an experiment, the control group is unaltered, while the ______group contains the variable being tested

experimental, or treatment group

Identify a name of a substance with no significant effect on a subjects physiology but is given to a control group that thinks they are being given the treatment

placebo

Identify those tests below that are statical tests

Chi square analysis
T test

Litmus Test

is a test that uses a single answer to determine a decision

The science of ______medicine uses our evolutionary past to explain diseases

evolutionary

Identify the name for the forces promoting the reproductive success of some individuals over others

selection pressures

Natural Selection

is the process, by which evolution works, that states that some individuals have hereditary advantage over their competitors

Name the "Galen of Islam" who's influential textbook was the leading authority in European medical schools for 500 years

Avicenna

Ability to grasp an object by encircling them with the thumb and fingers is called

prehensile

The _____center of a feedback mechanism processes information, relates it to other information, and makes a decision of action

integrating

____and ____were 19th century Germans whose microscopes included very good lenses and a condenser

Zeiss and Abe

A ______test provides a statement of probability that the experimental outcome was due to random variation

statistical

Name the term for any molecule of large size and high molecular weight, such as a protein, nucleic acid, polysaccharide, or triglyceride

Macromolecule

placebos are given to avoid____effects, instances where physiology is affected by the state of mind

Psychosomatic

Describe how anatomical are frequently constructed . Consider the examples, "foramen magnum", and "stratum lucidum"

Noun before adjective

True/False Double blinded method is used to control the experiment bias where neither the subject nor the person giving the treatment and recording data know which subjects are receiving treatment and which are receiving placebo

True

The PET (Positron Emission Tomography) scan is an example of Anatomical Terminology that is described as a(n)

Acronym

____is the increase in the size of a cell or organism

growth

the study of how different species have solved physiological problems of life is known as ______physiology

comparative

Englishman who invented the modern compound microscope in the 1600s and observed plant cells was

Robert Hooke

Who is credited with experimental physiology

william harvey

Name the Italian who taught Anatomy to medical students using cadavers in the 1500

Andreas Vesalius

In performing a physical examination, the act of listening to sounds made by the body is known as

Auscultation

Branch of medicine that utilized medical imaging technologies to explore the interior of the body

Radiology

Terms that identify the discoverer of a structure are called

Eponym

Give the name for the adaptation of primates that allows for depth perception

Stereoscopic vision

Descartes and ____revolutionized the philosophy of science arguing for a more systematic enterprise aimed at new discoveries.. used scientific method

Bacon

Taking a pulse by feeling the radial artery is an example of

palpation

Tapping on a body surface then listening to the echo to diagnose health

percussion

Who was the first to observe and describe microorganisms using the microscope

Leeuenhoek

Identify 2 people who suggested that all organims were composed of cells

Schleiden and Schwann

The act of looking at the body is

Inspection

Name the subdiscipline of physiology that is concerned with the mechanisms of disease

pathophysiology

Study of changes of normal mechanical, physical and biochemical, functions caused by a disease

pathophysiology

Name the method of reasoning that begins with a hypothesis or question then arises to answer that question

Hypothetico-deductive method

the ability of nerves or muscle cells to produce changes in the membrane voltage is known as

excitability

The Number of animals or people used in an experimental study is called the

Sample Size

____is the process of transforming a cell with no specialized function into a cell with a specialized function

Differentiation

What term means on top

epi

Name the ability to walk upright

bi-pedalism

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set