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California 8th Grade

Zeus

the supreme god of ancient Greek mythology

Hera

queen of the Olympian gods in ancient Greek mythology

Hades

the god of the underworld in ancient mythology

Demeter

goddess of fertility and protector of marriage in ancient mythology

Athena

goddess of wisdom and useful arts and prudent warfare

Apollo

god of sun, music, poetry, and healing

Aphrodite

goddess of love and beauty

Hermes

messenger and herald of the gods

Icarus

son of Daedalus, disobeyed father and flew too close to the sun

Daedalus

an Athenian inventor who built the Labyrinth of Minos

Echo

a nymph who was spurned by Narcissus and pined away until only her voice remained

Narcissus

a beautiful young man who fell in love with his own reflection

Persephone

daughter of Zeus and Demeter, queen of the underworld

Eros

god of love, son of Aphrodite

Psyche

a beautiful princess loved by Cupid who visited her at night and told her she must not try to see him, became the personification of the soul

Zephyr

the Greek god of the west wind

Charon

the ferryman who brought the souls of the dead across the river Styx or the river Acheron to Hades

myth

a traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.

imprisoned

to be put in jail, incarcerated

Styx

a river in Hades across which Charon carried dead souls

wavered

went back and forth between alternatives, was indecisive (couldn't make a decision), hesitated

Crete

the largest Greek island in the Mediterranean

rash

marked by unthinking boldness

cunning

shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception

vacancy

an empty area or space

Mount Olympus

the higest mountain in Greece, where the ancient Greeks believed many of their gods and godesses lived

quench

to satisfy a need or desire

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