Leaving a patient after care has been initiated, before a written refusal, or before care has been transferred to someone with equal or greater medical training
Age Of Consent
The age which one is considered leagally competant to give consent to medical care. Set by statute.
Age of Majority
When the state has considered a minor has reached adulthood for certain purposes under the law.
Against Medical Advice. Where you believe in your professional judgement that they should go to hospital.
The principal of law that prohibits the release of medical or other information without a patients consent.
Dialog which gives permission to treat. 4 types: Implied, Informed, Expressed, Legal
Duty to Act
An obligation to take some action in order to prevent harm depending on the relationship of the parties
Verbal or written agreement to treatment w/out further information
The intentional failure to preform an obvious duty in reckless disreguard for the consequences likely to affect life or property.
Consent for treatment for patient that is mentally, physically or emotionaly unable to give consent. Also called emergency doctrine. Assume patient would want life saving treatment if able to give consent.
consent to treatment with understanding of risks, consequences or alternative of the treatment. Communication of consequences of refusing treatment.
In Loco Parentis
Latin term: In the place of parents
Legal / Involuntary Consent
Consent granted by the court. Common for patients who are held for mental health evaluation, or patients by law enforcement who are in protective custody. Also, used on patient who have disease which treatens a community at large.
In Connecticut, anyone under 18 years old.
Deviation from the accepted standard of care, resulting in injury. Also known as the reasonable person standard. Must have 4 parts to prove in court: Duty, breach, Harm/Damages, Proximate Causation.
Provider Initiated Refusal
Where EMT determins that there is not need to go to the hospital. Illegal in Connecticut
Primary Service Area Responder
Refusal of Medical Attention. When not life or limb threatening. PT needs to be offered to go to hospital for evaluation.
Scope Of Practice
The range of skills and duties an EMT is allowed to perform. What is allowed and expected to do to help the patient. Determined by certifying govermental authority.
Standard of Care
The manner in which an individual must act or behave when giving care.