Aba English - Units 11 to 13

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Aba 8 - 10 - English - Portuguese

pounds

(symbol £) the standard unit of money in the UK and some other countries
'a one-pound/two-pound coin'
'There are one hundred pence in a pound.'
'They stole jewellery valued at £50 000 (= 50 000 pounds).'
'Have you got any change?' 'Sorry, I've only got a five-pound note.'

So

So it is! (é assim)
I hope so.
If so... (se for assim)
I think so.
So long (tanto tempo)

So 2

So many people.
So much money.
He is so angry that.
And so on (e assim sucessivamente).

Sweetie

Informal a very pleasant or kind person:
'He's a real sweetie.'
informal a friendly way of talking to someone
(literalmente = doce)

Which

Today or tomorrow? Which is better?

When talk on the phone :
I am Peter or
This is Peter?

You should say "This is Peter", not I am Peter.

Are you Mary?
Is that Mary?

While talking on the phone, asks:
Is that Mary?
Do not say "Are you Mary?"

Hold on

Means waiting (ou aguentar).

Is Edward in?

To inquire by phone if Edward's home.

She's out.

She's not at home, or at work, etc.

Who is that?

On the phone, to ask who is speaking.

Nice day, isn't?

No, not so nice (não, nem tanto).

a bit

a bit depressed.
wait a bit (espere um pouco).
a bit of luck.

mood

the way you feel at a particular time (humor, ânimo):
She's in a good/bad mood.
Her mood seemed to change during the course of the conversation.
I'm not in the mood (não estou com ânimo).
I'm not in the mood for... (não estou com humor para...).

Tag question

A grammatical structure in which a declarative statement or an imperative is turned into a question by adding an interrogative fragment (the "tag").
For example, in the sentence
"You're John, aren't you?",
the statement "You're John" is turned into a question by the tag "aren't you".

Tag question
Examples:

You are tired, aren't you?
You are not tired, are you?
He's Spanish, isn't he?
He isn't English, is he?

Tag question
Examples 2:

She is not happy, is she?
They aren't happy, are they?
We are late, aren't we?

Still 2

(com sentido de: porém, contudo - no início de frases:)
Still, she is a very clever girl. (clever = inteligente)
(Com sentido de 'com calma, quieto, tranquilo':)
Keep still!

Still

(para frases afirmativas, interrogativas ou negativas)
(Com sentido de 'ainda')
Are you still obsessed with grammar?
Is he still obssessed with grammar?
He still doesn't understand.

Now

It's now or never!
Now and then (de vez em quando).
right now (agora mesmo)

New

Hi! What's new?
I'm new here.

really

Oh, really? What's that? (Ah, é? Qual é?)
It's really good (intensidade - é muito bom, é realmente bom)
She's really happy.
She is 40 years old. - Really? (jura? de verdade?)
Do you like it? - Not really (não muito).

level

water-level
They are at the same level.

mean

What do you mean? (o que você quer dizer?)

What about

What about your parents?
What is this about?
What about lunch? (o que acha de almoçarmos?)
What about going do the cinema?
What about me? (E eu o quê?)

important day-to-day verbs (irregulars)

to eat - ate - eaten,
to drink - drank - drunk,
to write - wrote - written
to speak - spoke - spoken

day

day-to-day
What day is today?
every day.
the they before yesterday.
the day after tomorrow.
the other day.

way

the wrong way.
This isn't the way home.
I'm on my way (estou a caminho).
It's that way (é nessa direção).
by the way (a propósito).

way 2

way of life (estilo de vida);
the way in (a entrada);
the way out (a saída);
No way (nem pensar).

life

my life story;
life insurance (seguro de vida);
lifestyle (estilo de vida).

agree

We all agree about that.
I agree with you.

then

Why is that then? (e por quê?)
then (então, depois, logo).
what then? (então o quê?)
by then (para então).
turn right, then left (...e depois à esquerda).

most

the most important meeting.
the mos beautiful girl.

move

Don't move!
Move your chair a little, please.
to move home (mudar de casa).

even

It's warm there even in December
(lá faz calor até em dezembro).

such

(tão)
He is such a nice man!
He is such an interesting place!
You have such a beautiful house!

maybe

perhaps

around

Is John around?
(John está por aqui?)
Places to visit around London
(lugares para visitar em Londres)

age

the age of Aquarius.
the atomic age (a era atômica).
athe the age of 17 (aos 17 anos).
at my age (na minha idade).

that

Is that so? (É verdade?)
If that's the case (se for o aso)

Change

"A change of address"
(Uma mudança de endereço).
"Keep the change!"
(Fique com o troco).

Auxiliary verbs

to be;
to do;
to have;
Can be used as auxiliary verb or main verb.

Modal verbs

(Não levam a partícula 'to' no infinitivo;
Não se conjugalm, isto é, não mudam nunca sua forma nas diferentes pessoas;
não precisam do verbo 'to do' como auxiliar para formar perguntas e negações.)

Modal verbs 2

can (poder, ser capaz, saber);
could (passado de 'can');
may (poder, pedir ou ter permissão para algo);
might (pasado de 'may');
must (dever, ter que, estar obrigado a algo);

Modal verbs 3

will (para formar o futuro);
shall (para fazer propostas);
would (para formar o condicional);
should (dever, ter que; para formular obrigações);
ougth to (dever; para formular obrigações como should);

Regular verbs

(Conjugam-se seguindo duas regras:)
o Simple Past;
o Past Participle.
Example: dance - danced - danced

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