a form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders
the wealthy landowners who held most of the power
the common farmers,artisans, and merchants who made up the majority of the population
protected the rights of the plebeians from unfair acts of patrician officals ; how the plebeians formed their own assembly of government
they commanded the army and directed the government; their power was limited- their ruling was only for one year
a leader who had absolute power to make laws and command the army- this power only lasted for six months
roman soldiers were organized into large military units called__
war between Rome and Carthage; between the years 264 and 146 B.C. this consisted of 3 different wars.
a 29 year old war mastermind behind the war. He was a Carthaginian general.
aristocratic branch of Rome's government. it had both legislative and administrative functions in the republic
conflict between groups within the same country
a military leader who joined forces with Crassus and Pompey; ruled Rome for the next ten years
a group of three rulers
Octavian's new name after becoming the ruler of Rome; it means "exalted one"
born in the town of Bethlehem; raised in a village in Nazareth in northern Palestine. Baptized by the prophet--John the baptist
12 men who followed Jesus and his beliefs
an apostle who had an enormous influence on Christianity's development. He was a Jew who never met Jesus and at first was an enemy of Christianity
the dispersal of the Jews
a Roman emperor who was fighting three rivals for leadership of Rome. He had marched to the Tiber River at Rome to battle his chief rival.
an apostle who was a priest and supervised a few local churches
an apostle who traveled to Rome from Jerusalem and became the first bishop there. Jesus referred to him as the rock
the father or the head of the christian church
a drastic drop in the value of money coupled with a rise in prices
foreign soldiers who fought for money
a strong-willed army leader, who in 284 becomes the new emperor
a city who was named after Constantine
a powerful chieftain who joined the Huns together
the mixing of elements of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman culture produced a new culture called __
a writer who spent ten years writing the most famous work of Latin literature, the Aeneid.
a Roman historian, who is notable among the ancient historians because he presented the facts accurately
were designed by Roman engineers to bring water into cities and towns
a Roman town where paintings are often found