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What are the three major categories of restraint techniques?

Manual, Mechanical, and Chemical

What category do veterinarians consider the least desirable restraint technique?

Chemical because the chemicals can interfere with diagnostic testing and can also complicate diagnosis by masking particular symptoms.

What are training collars incorrectly referred as?

A choke collar

What is the proper method of placing a training collar on a dog?

Choose a collar approximately two inches longer than the circumference of the dog's neck. The collar should slip easily but snugly over the dog's head.
The loose end of the collar which takes the leash, should come over the back of the dog at the top of, not underneath, its neck.

What is a gentle leader collar?

A gentle leader collar is a nylon head halter for a dog.

What is another name for for the gentle leader collar?

It is referred as a Promise Collar.

What is the use of a muzzle?

A muzzle is any device applied around an animal's nose and mouth to prevent the animal from biting.

What is a wire basket muzzle?

The wire-basket muzzle is a small cup placed over the end of the dog's nose and clipped behind its ears.

Because the wire-basket muzzle allows the dog to pant, you can leave them on longer; some dogs, however, are able to bite through this type of muzzle.

How do you improvise a muzzle out of a gauze roll bandage?

1 Take a long piece of bandage and tie a large loop at its midsection.
2 Approach the dog from the side or back and slip the loop over the end of the dog's nose.
3 Quickly tighten the loop and bring the ends of the gauze under the dog's neck.
4 Cross the ends over, then pull the ends behind the dog's neck.
5. Tie it with a slip knot or a half bow.

How do you improvise a muzzle out of a gauze roll bandage for a pug-nose dog?

For pug-nosed dogs

1 Slip the loop over the dog's nose with the tie under the jaw.
2 Pull the ends of the gauze behind the ears, then tie them securely.
3 One of the ends of the gauze should then be drawn down across the dog's forehead and slid under the loop at the top of the nose.

True or False, can you improvise a muzzle for a cat?

True, you can use the same technique as a pug nose dog.

What is a head snare?

The head snare is a long metal or heavy-duty plastic tubular handle with a thick retractable wire inside it.

What are the other names for a head snare?

It is also called a rabies pole or a restraint pole.

What are the two prerequisites you must do before picking up a dog?

The two prerequisites before picking up a dog are:
Apply a leash and crouch beside the animal.

What is the proper method of picking up a small injured dog?

To pick up a small injured dog:
Step 1: Place one arm under the dog's head.
Step 2: Place your other arm around the dog's hindquarters.
Step 3: Lift the dog straight up and place it on the examining table.

What is the proper method of picking up a small dog under 50Ibs.?

To pick up a small uninjured dog.
Step 1: Place one arm under the dog's head.
Step 2: Place your other arm under the dog's abdomen with your hand pointed forward and your fingers between the dog's front legs.
Step 3: Lift the dog straight up and place it on the examining table.

What is the method of lifting a small dog out of a cage that has a back injury?

Step 1: After placing a muzzle around the dog's mouth slide the dog to the front of the cage.
Step 2: Place one arm around the dog's head and neck as you would to restrain the dog. dog.
Step 3: Slide your other arm between the rear legs of the dog and up under the thorax to keep the back straight as you lift the dog out of the cage.
Step 4: Lift the dog gently out of the cage and carry it to the exam table.

What is the method for picking up a dog over 50Ibs.?

Step 1: Two people should crouch down on the same side of the dog.
Step 2: One person should restrain the dog's head by placing one arm around the dog's neck and the other arm around the dog's chest. Step 3: The second person should place one arm around the dog's abdomen and the other arm around the dog's hindquarters. Step 4: Both people should lift the dog using their legs, not their backs

How do you apply the sitting restraint technique on a dog?

Step 1: Place your arm around the dog's hindquarters. Step 2: Gently tuck the dog into a sitting position. Step 3: Place your other arm around the dog's neck so that its head rests in the crook of your elbow. Step 4: Pull the dog snugly against your body.

The sitting restraint technique is often appropriate for routine_______

Routine Injections

How do you apply the standing restraint technique on a dog?

Step 1: Place one hand in front of the dog's neck. Step 2: Place the other hand under the dog's abdomen just in front of its rear legs. Also, cradle the dog's head and neck in the crook of your elbow. Step 3: Gently pull the dog towards you until it's snug against your body. Hold this position until the examination is complete.

Veterinarians often want the dog to stay in this position for what process?

Routine Physical Examinations

How do you apply the sternal restraint technique on a dog?

Step 1: Place your arm around the dog's head so that it's resting in the crook of your arm.
Step 2: Gently tuck the dog into a sitting position.
Step 3: Place weight over the front shoulders of the dog to get it to lie down.
Step 4: Place your arm over the back of the dog and pull the dog snugly against your body.

How do you apply the lateral recumbency technique on a dog and what is the other name for this technique?

Step 1: After lifting the dog onto the table, place the dog on its side. Step 2: Stand behind the dog so that the dog's spine is against the front of your body.
Step 3: Grasp the dog's forelegs with one hand, securing your grip by placing one finger between the legs.
Step 4: Press down slightly with your forearm on the base of the dog's neck.. Use your other hand to grasp the dog's rear legs.

Reclining Restraint

What does occluding the vein mean?

To occlude the vein is to block the vein's circulation by pressing on it with your finger.

What is Venipuncture?

Venipuncture is puncturing a vein to collect blood or administer medication and it requires careful and firm restraint.

What are the most common vein sites used in Venipuncture for dogs?

The Cephalic vein, along the front of the dog's foreleg.
The Saphenous vein, on the outer surface of the dog's hindleg.
The Jugular vein, on the front of the dog's neck.

What is the restraint technique used on dogs for Cephalic venipuncture?

What are the first three steps for handling a dog for Cephalic venipuncture?

Sternal recumbency

Put the dog on its sternum with its forelegs extending slightly over the edge of the table.

What is the restraint method that you use for a saphenous venipuncture for a dog?

Lateral recumbency

What is the restraint method that you use for a jugular venipuncture for a dog?

Sternal recumbency
Put the dog on its sternum with its forelegs extending slightly over the edge of the table.

What is a dog's major defense against pain?

A dog's major defense against pain is biting.

What is the draping technique?

The draping technique is used to calm a violent animal by placing a towel or blanket on the animal.

What are restraint gloves?

Restraint gloves are heavy gauntlet-type gloves, typically made of leather too thick for cats to bite through

What is a cat bag?

Cat Bags are nylon bags that have a snap, zipper, or Velcro closure along the top with additional closer along its length.

What are the three usual signs that a cat does before it will attack?

Vocalization (more than a meow or purr)
Pulling its ears back against its head
Twitching its tail slowly

What is the last resort for recapturing an escaped cat?

A Head Snare will typically make a cat more fearful than any other restraint device.

How do you restrain a cat for a physical examination?

Step 1: Place one hand on the cat's shoulders.
Step 2: Place the other hand on its hips.
Step 3: Gently press it down against the table.

This restraint works for examinations and minor technical procedures like nail trimming and subcutaneous injections.

What is a safe way of picking up a cat?

You can pick up most cats by grasping the scruff. (The loose skin on the back of the neck). Place your other hand under the cat's abdomen, with your fingers between the cat's front legs. You can safely carry a cat in this position.

What is the first method of restraint for intramuscular injection for cats?

Step 1: Grasp the cat by the scruff with your right hand. Step 2: Grasp its back feet with your left hand, placing one or two fingers between the feet.
Step 3: Lay the cat on its side with its back resting against your right forearm.
Step 4: Gently extend the cat's body by stretching its legs back and its head forward.

What is the second method of restraint for intramuscular injection for cats?

Step 1: Place your right forearm across the cat's neck. Step 2: Gently press the cat down against the table, grasping the front paws between your fingers. Step 3: Grasp its back feet with your left hand, placing one or two fingers between the feet.
Step 4: Gently extend the cat's body by stretching its legs back and its head forward.

What is the most common sites for Venipuncture for cats?

The Cephalic vein, along the front of the cat's foreleg.
The Femoral vein, on the inside of the rear leg.
The Jugular vein, on the front of the cat's neck.

How do you restraint a cat for cephalic venipuncture?

Step 1: Grasp the cat's head firmly under the jaw with your right hand.
Step 2: Extend your left arm around the cat's body and grasp the cat's left leg around the elbow.
Step 3: Hold the forelimb at the elbow and use your thumb to occlude the vein by pressing in and slightly to the side.

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