History Vocabulary - Chapter 7

20 terms by maiakatharine1

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Vocabulary words to study from chapter 7 on Ancient Rome

Mauryan Empire

The first state to unify most of the Indian subcontinent. It was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 324 B.C.E. and survived until 184 B.C.E. From its capital at Pataliputra in the Ganges Valley it grew wealthy from taxes. (184)

Asoka

Grandson of Chandragupta; most honored emperor for his commitment to spreading peace and prosperity to all; was Buddhist but accepted other religions; decline came after his death

Religious Toleration

Acceptance of religious differences

Tamil

The Dravidian language spoken since prehistoric times by the Tamil people in southern India and Sri Lanka

Gupta Empire

Golden Age of India; ruled through central government but allowed village power; restored Hinduism

Patriarchal

Relating to a society in which men hold the greatest legal and moral authority

Matriarchal

Relating to a social system in which the mother is head of the family

Mahayana

People who accepted the new doctrines that the Buddhists had

Theravada

People who held to the Buddha's stricter, original teachings

Stupas

Mounded stone structures built over holy relics

Silk Roads

A system of ancient caravan routes across Central Asia, along which traders carried silk and other trade goods.

Han Dynasty

The dynasty that ruled China for more than 100 years; divided into two periods - each lasting two centuries.

Centralized Government

A government in which a central authority controls the running of a state.

Civil Service

Government workers; 18 ranks of jobs

Monopoly

Exclusive control or possession of something

Assimilation

The process of making conquered peoples part of Chinese culture.

Brahma

A Hindu god considered the creator of the world.

Vishnu

A Hindu god considered the preserver of the world

Shiva

A Hindu god considered the destroyer of the world.

Kalidasa

one of India's greatest writers. Might have been court poet for Chandra Gupta II. Famous play - Shakuntala - girl who falls in love w/ and marries a King.

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