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In an airline, safety is maintained by procedures which are contained in

*Not- checklists

In the Air Transportation Oversight System (ATOS), depicted below, which are considered management functions?

*Not- Plan and Check

In an airline, responsibility and authority is maintained by

*Not- feedback systems

Which of the following is TRUE about Advisory Circular 120-92, "Introduction to Safety Management Systems for Air Operators"?

It is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation

Which of the following is NOT TRUE about Advisory Circular 120-92, "Introduction to Safety Management Systems for Air Operators"?

It covers the mandatory requirements for developing and implementing an SMS

Which of the following is the BEST evidence of a good Safety Culture in a company?

*Not- Clear lines of communications from management to employees

In a Systems Approach to safety management, safety outcomes are desired from:

All of the above

A company should be willing to invest in an SMS that could

provide a system to control risk in operations

A good safety management system should have

A safety reporting culture where members are willing to contribute to the organization's knowledge base

In a United States' airline, safety management is quality management shared by

*Not- The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the airline management teams

Safety Management Systems are most effective when

*Not- they separate safety efforts from government oversight

Which of the following is NOT a voluntary safety program?

Hazardous Material Reporting (HAZMAT)

In a systems safety environment, how many safety management systems should exist?

One - The Operators Safety Management System

The primary function of FAA oversight is to

control safety risks

Which of the following is NOT an oversight responsibility of the FAA?

Audit of operational budgets

An unplanned event that results in death, injury, or loss of equipment is a(n)

*Not- incident

A scheduled, formal review conducted by the organization being reviewed is

an internal audit

A near miss episode with minor consequences that could have resulted in greater loss is a(n)

*Not- hazard

An action to eliminate or mitigate the cause or reduce the effects of an undesirable situation is

safety assurance

A risk unintentionally created as a consequence of safety risk controls is

*Not- acceptable risk

In a lab, a toxic and effective solvent is used to clean grease from an aircraft component. Which of the following is the MOST effective way to control this hazard?

*Not- Train personnel to fully ventilate the lab when the solvent is used

In regard to a safety culture, a "learning culture" means

*Not- the willingness of employees to contribute to the organization's knowledge base

In an aircraft manufacturing or maintenance operation, who is primarily responsible for safety management?

The top management

Standard risk analysis should have

likelihood of occurrence and severity of the mishap

In regard to a safety culture, a "just culture" means

employees have the confidence that the organization will treat them fairly

The SMS Standard is written as a functional requirements document that stresses

what functions the organization must accomplish

In regard to a safety culture, a "reporting culture" means

*Not- employees report misconduct to those who have the power to take corrective action

Which of the following is used to ensure that safety control is happening?

*Not- Safety policies are established and widely published

Which of the following is the LEAST effective way to control a hazard?

*Not- Modify the system to eliminate the hazard.

Which of the following is NOT an SMS safety assurance method?

*Not- Analysis of system data

The primary purpose of the safety assurance process is to

assess the continued effectiveness of risk controls

When risk is assessed as unacceptable,

an intervention should be designed to eliminate the hazard

Who is primarily responsible for safety management (Protection)?

*Not- employess

Concerning production in aviation systems,

the operator and the oversight organization must know both the operation and the safety hazards and risks

If an organization is to remain financially viable while controlling safety risk, operations systems (Production) and safety systems (Protection) must be operated

*Not- in harmony by separate management functions

The Airport Watch program serves as a centralized reporting system for

All of the above

Concerning security for flight schools and facilities that rent aircraft, federal law requires

security awareness training for appropriate staff on a current and recurring annual basis

Which of the following is TRUE regarding the security threat of General Aviation aircraft?

A Boeing 767...

Which non-government organization represents business aviation and the interests of companies that own or operate General Aviation aircraft to conduct business?

National Business Aviation Association (NBAA)

What is the name of the airspace is surrounding North America that serves as a continental defense boundary?

ADIZ

Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs) are often established for

President, Vice-President or VIP movement areas

What area(s) of the United States is protected by a special Special Flight Rules Area (SFRA) and an associated smaller Flight Restricted Zone (FRZ) that prohibits pilots from entering these areas without authorization?

The region surrounding Washington D.C.

The Twelve-Five Standard Security Program (TFSSP):

Requires operators of aircraft weighing more than 12,500 pounds to follow airline-style security.

Which of the following currently provides the MOST effective security aspect of general aviation airports?

Pilots of a General Aviation aircraft almost always know every individual passenger

Which of the following is NOT true concerning all border crossing flights, either into or out of the United States?

They will not be intercepted by military fighters if they follow all the border crossing rules.

Which of the following is the only federal entity with both law enforcement and defense authority?

U.S. Coast Guard (USCG)

Which of the following is NOT true concerning efforts to ensure that GA pilots are not a security threat?

U.S. citizens seeking flight training at U.S. flight schools must provide the TSA with a complete set of fingerprints.

The General Aviation security screening and credentialing programs include all of the following EXCEPT:

registration of all pilots with the Department of Homeland Security

In their strategic goal of RESPONSE, The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is expected to lead, manage and coordinate the national response to:

all of the above

Which of the following is TRUE about Transportation Security Officers (TSOs)?

TSOs can and do join unions.

In 2004, the GAO changed its name from the General Accounting Office to the Government Accountability Office. One effect of this change was:

The scope of GAO was expanded to federal government activity worldwide.

The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) reports directly to:

The Congress of the United States

Which of the following is NOT part of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)?

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

The administrator of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) reports directly to:

The secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

Which organization provides the unifying core for the vast national network of organizations and institutions involved in efforts to secure our nation?

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

The mission to provide Congress with timely information that is objective, fact-based, nonpartisan, non-ideological, fair, and balanced belongs to:

The Government Accountability Office (GAO)

The TSA statement, "We are a people who conduct ourselves in an honest, trustworthy and ethical manner at all times" reflects the TSA core value of:

Integrity

Which of the following is compatible with the GAO's Strategic Plan for FY 2007-2012?

Advise Congress on changing security threats and the challenges of global interdependence

Which of the following is NOT part of the mission of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)?

Impose sanctions on hostile countries

Which of the following is NOT part of the work assigned to Government Accountability Office (GAO)?

to investigate illegal smuggling of guns and ammunition out of the country

Transportation Security Officers (TSOs) are the frontline of defense. To protect America from harm, they are encouraged to use:

Imagination

Which of the following is NOT an agenda of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)?

Develop programs to control aircraft noise and environmental hazards

Which of the following is a GAO recommendation regarding security risk?

Choices must be made about protection priorities and resources

Which of the following is a GAO assumption about global terrorism?

Anti-terrorist tactics should hinge more on intelligence and diplomatic efforts.

Which of the following is TRUE about first responders to a terrorist attack?

State and local govts are responsible for training.

The GAO asserts that the vast majority of terrorist targets are those owned by the private sector - critical infrastructure such as water and power sources and information systems. What does the GAO suggest about protection of these assets?

Government incentives should support private sector protection of critical infrastructure it owns.

There are multiple security layers onboard aircraft. Which of the following is TRUE about these onboard security systems?

Pilots who undergo special training are authorized to carry firearms the cockpit.

TSA has intelligence layers that prevent anybody known to U.S. intelligence or law enforcement agencies that are a threat to aviation from getting close to an airplane. Which of the following is TRUE of these intelligence layers?

U.S. government agencies work with others around the globe to identify and disrupt terrorist activities at their source.

TSA has multiple layers of security used by Transpiration Security Officers (TSOs) at security checkpoints. Which of the following is TRUE about these security systems?

Bomb Appraisal Officers (BAO) receive advanced training on explosives and improvised bombs to resolve alarms beyond the TSO capability.

Some layers of security occur before a passenger even shows up at a TSA checkpoint. Which of the following is TRUE about these security systems?

TSA crews can stop individuals with hostile intent or those conducting surveillance even if they are not carrying a prohibited item.

Which of the following is NOT typical work of a certified A and P Aviation Maintenance Technician?

modifying airplane radios

The primary purpose of an Air Traffic Controller is

to separate aircraft to prevent collisions

According to the Pilot's Code of Ethics, which of the following is a pilot's first and greatest responsibility?

your passengers; their safety, comfort, and well-being

Which of the following is the primary job of a flight attendant?

to ensure that safety regulations are followed

Who of the following is in charge of all ground and flight operations for his/her airline?

Station Manager

Who of the following is responsible for all aspects of production, from development or selection of manufacturing methods to overseeing day-to-day operations on the factory floor?

Manufacturing engineers

Who of the following analyzes weather data and makes weather reports to the pilot and dispatcher and then works with the flight dispatcher to prepare flight plans?

Meteorologist

Who of the following manages services (aircraft refueling, airframe, engine, and/or instrument repair, flight training, ground school, rentals and charter flights) and sells general aviation products at an airport?

Fixed Base Operator

Who of the following is an FAA employee who, among other jobs, investigates violations of safety regulations?

Aviation Safety Inspector

Which of the following is TRUE about aircraft maintenance?

There is a worldwide shortage of aviation maintenance technicians.

Which of the following is TRUE about an Aircraft Powerplants Mechanic?

They may work on engine accessories such as starters and generators.

In order to be pilot-in-command of a typical commercial airliner; a pilot must have, as a MINIMUM:

an Air Transport Pilot Certificate and a Class I Medical certificate

Which of the following is TRUE concerning Air Traffic Control Towers in the United States?

Some towers are operated by private air traffic control companies

Of the following pilots, which has the LOWEST qualifications and the MOST restrictions?

Sport Pilot

In aviation, the majority of safety personnel (investigators, safety analyzers, etc.) are employed by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).

False

A private aircraft owner wants to hire a maintenance technician to perform scheduled maintenance and trouble-shooting on her personal aircraft. Which of the following is TRUE?

The technician must be certified by the FAA for both airframes and powerplants.

Which of the following is TRUE about Transportation Security Officers (TSO)?

They must be a U.S. citizen or a U.S. National

Which of the following is NOT TRUE about Flight Dispatchers?

They get flight planning information from the captain and enter it into their system.

Which of the following is TRUE about the career path of an air traffic controller

Certified professional controllers must pass a job performance examination twice each year

Which of the following is TRUE about Aviation Electronics Technicians (Avionics Technicians)?

An Aviation Maintenance Technician can also be an Aviation Electronics Technician.

Which of the following is TRUE about Transportation Security Officers (TSO)?

They must be a U.S. citizen or a U.S. National.

Which of the following is TRUE concerning the need for pilots in the next 4-5 years?

The need for new pilots will be extremely high - nearly doubling the number of pilots from today

Which of the following is NOT a typical training topic for flight attendants?

The airline reservations system

Who is the largest employer of air traffic controllers in the United States?

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

Which of the following is TRUE concerning the need for air traffic controllers in the next decade?

The need for new controllers will be extremely high due to the large number of controllers eligible for retirement

The Collegiate Training Initiative (CTI) is a partnership between the major airlines and colleges and universities to provide qualified applicants for air traffic control specialists

False

Which of the following is NOT a valid reason for refusing to hire a flight attendant?

She is so tall that she must bend under overhead bins.

The use of a slot in the leading edge of the wing enables an airplane to land at a slower speed because it

*Not- decelerates the upper surface boundary layer air.

(Refer to figure 17 below) A positive load factor of 4 at 140 knots would cause the airplane to

be subjected to structural damage.

Which statement relates to Bernoulli's principle?

Air traveling faster over the curved upper surface of an airfoil causes lower pressure on the top surface.

Why does increasing speed also increase lift?

*Not- The increased speed of the air passing over an airfoil's upper surface increases the pressure, thus creating a greater pressure differential between the upper and lower surface.

The angle of attack at which an airplane wing stalls will

remain the same regardless of gross weight.

The four forces acting on an airplane in flight are

lift, weight, thrust, and drag

Lift on a wing is most properly defined as the

force acting perpendicular to the relative wind.

The reason for variations in geometric pitch (twisting) along a propeller blade is that it

permits a relatively constant angle of attack along its length when in cruising flight

Which action will result in a stall?

Exceeding the critical angle of attack.

Changes in the center of pressure of a wing affect the aircraft's

aerodynamic balance and controllability.

Lift produced by an airfoil is the net force developed perpendicular to the

relative wind.

When are the four forces that act on an airplane in equilibrium?

During unaccelerated flight

What force makes an airplane turn?

The horizontal component of lift.

As a result of gyroscopic precession, it can be said that any

yawing around the vertical axis results in a pitching moment.

An airplane said to be inherently stable will

require less effort to control.

During a steady climb, the angle of climb depends on

excess thrust.

An airplane said to be inherently stable will

require less effort to control.

What is the relationship of lift, drag, thrust, and weight when the airplane is in straight-and-level flight?

Lift equals weight and thrust equals drag.

The capability of an aircraft to respond to a pilot's inputs, especially with regard to flight path and attitude, is

controllability.

The angle of attack of a wing directly controls the

distribution of positive and negative pressure acting on the wing

If the aircraft's nose initially tends to return to its original position after the elevator control is pressed forward and released, the aircraft displays

positive static stability.

As altitude increases, the indicated airspeed at which a given airplane stalls in a particular configuration will

remain the same regardless of altitude.

Load factor is the lift generated by the wings of an aircraft at any given time

divided by the total weight of the aircraft.

During the transition from straight-and-level flight to a climb, the angle of attack is increased and lift

is momentarily increased.

An airplane would have a tendency to nose up and have an inherent tendency to enter a stalled condition when the center of pressure is

forward of the center of gravity.

A propeller rotating clockwise, as seen from the rear, creates a spiraling slipstream that tends to rotate the aircraft to the

left around the vertical axis, and to the right around the longitudinal axis.

The need to slow an aircraft below VA is brought about by the following weather phenomenon:

Turbulence which causes an increase in stall speed.

The tendency of an aircraft to develop forces which restore it to its original condition, when disturbed from a condition of steady flight, is known as

stability.

What is the relationship of lift, drag, thrust, and weight when the airplane is in straight-and-level flight?

Lift equals weight and thrust equals drag.

If the aircraft's nose remains in the new position after the elevator control is pressed forward and released, the aircraft displays

*Not- positive static stability.

The tendency of an aircraft to develop forces that further remove the aircraft from its original position, when disturbed from a condition of steady flight, is known as

static instability.

As airspeed increases in level flight, total drag of an aircraft becomes greater than the total drag produced at the maximum lift/drag speed because of the

increase in parasite drag.

The left turning tendency of an airplane caused by P-factor is the result of the

propeller blade descending on the right, producing more thrust than the ascending blade on the left.

During an approach to a stall, an increased load factor will cause the airplane to

stall at a higher airspeed.

What determines the longitudinal stability of an airplane?

The location of the CG with respect to the center of lift.

(Refer to figure 18 below) A 70 percent increase in stalling speed would imply a bank angle of

70°.

Which is the best technique for minimizing the wing-load factor when flying in severe turbulence?

Set power and trim to obtain an airspeed at or below maneuvering speed, maintain wings level, and accept variations of airspeed and altitude.

(Refer to figure 68 below) The horizontal dashed line from point C to point E represents the

positive limit load factor.

(Refer to figure 2 below) If an airplane weighs 2,300 pounds, what approximate weight would the airplane structure be required to support during a 60° banked turn while maintaining altitude?

4,600 pounds.

In what flight condition is torque effect the greatest in a single-engine airplane?

Low airspeed, high power, high angle of attack.

When does P-factor cause the airplane to yaw to the left?

When at high angles of attack.

(Refer to figure 18 below) What is the stall speed of an airplane under a load factor of 4 if the unaccelerated stall speed is 70 knots?

140 knots.

(Refer to figure 25 below) What would be the indicated stall speed in a 60° banked turn with the gear and flaps up?

117 KIAS.

Which basic flight maneuver increases the load factor on an airplane as compared to straight-and-level flight?

Turns.

While holding the angle of bank constant in a level turn, if the rate of turn is varied the load factor would

remain constant regardless of air density and the resultant lift vector.

(Refer to figure 20 below) At the airspeed represented by point A, in steady flight, the aircraft will

have its maximum lift/drag ratio.

(Refer to figure 19 below) At which angle of attack does the airplane travel the maximum horizontal distance per foot of altitude lost?

6°.

The angle of attack at which an airfoil stalls will

remain the same regardless of gross weight.

The three axes of an aircraft intersect at the

center of gravity.

(Refer to figure 1 below) The acute angle A is the angle of

attack.

The purpose of aircraft wing dihedral angle is to

increase lateral stability.

The angle between the chord line of an airfoil and the relative wind is known as the angle of

*Not- incidence

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