Communications Ch 1 and 2 Quiz

Created by markod18 

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22 terms

Sophists

traveling teachers who preached about education, rhetoric and speaking

Gorgias

speaking was a linear process (only the speaker speaks), but the audience is engaged and passive

Protagoras

important to know all sides of an argument

Isocrates

formed 1st Greek school, idea was to know a little about a lot of things rather than a lot about a few things

Plato

thought words were manipulative, and thought education should be based on philosophy

Aristotle

3 ways to gain knowledge: experiential (experience), episteme (basic understanding of world), and intermediate (intuition/sense)

Modes of Persuasion

Ethos: credibility
Pathos: emotion
Logos: logic

Artistic Proof vs. Inartistic Proof

A = creative, artistic
I = factual

Virtues of Style

Clarity: understanding, clear
Correctness: accuracy
Propriety: moral and just

Cicero's 5 Parts of Speech

1. Invention: create argument
2. Arrangement: outline
3. Style: word choice
4. Delivery: verbally address speech
5. Memory: ability to recall information

Quintilian

thought close tie b/w civic engagement and public speaking

Linear Model vs. Transactional Model

speaker --->--->---> audience
speaker <---------> audience

Four Types of Fear of Public Speaking

Rejection, Criticism, Judgement, Failure

Communication Apprehension

fear or anxiety associated w/ real or anticipated communication
want a moderate level of anxiety (adrenaline)
Influences: size of audience, unfamiliar w/ audience

Spotlight Syndrome

fear of people looking upon you

Ways to help w/ speech anxiety

positive visualization, deep breaths

Hearing vs. Listening

Hearing: in one ear, out the other
Listening: engaged and active, comprehending

Socratic Questioning

push people through series of questions to ultimately find an eventual answer (push and push)

3 Purposes for Listening

For application, to criticize, and to comprehend

3 Distractions

biological, environmental and hecklers

Demagogery

using emotions to provoke a person towards an argument

4 Types of Non-Listening

pseudolistening, glazing over, ambushing and prejudging

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