CH 6: Bone Marking

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From pg.132 Table 6.1 Human Anatomy 5th Ed. (International Edition) Marieb, Mallatt, Wilhelm

Tuberosity

Projection: Large rounded projection of bone; may be roughened

Crest

Projection: Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent

Trochanter

Projection: Very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process (the only examples are on the femur)

Line

Projection: Narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest

Tubercle

Projection: Small rounded projection or process

Epicondyle

Projection: Raised area on or above a condyle

Spine

Projection: Sharp, slender, often pointed projection

Process

Projection: Any bony prominence

Head

Surface: Bony expansion carried on a narrow neck

Facet

Surface: Smooth, nearly flat articular surface

Condyle

Surface: Rounded articular projection, often articulates with a corresponding fossa

Foramen

Depression/Opening: Round or oval opening through a bone

Groove

Depression/Opening: A furrow

Fissure

Depression/Opening: Narrow slit-like opening

Notch

Depression/Opening: Indentation at the edge of a structure

Fossa

Depression/Opening: Shallow basinlike depression in a bone, often serving as an articular surface

Meatus

Depression/Opening: Canal-like passageway

Sinus

Depression/Opening: Cavity within a bone, filled with air and lined with mucous membrane

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