The use of a capnometer, a device that measures the amount of expired carbon dixoide.
(central venous pressure line) a venous line which is placed into the subclavian vein with the tip of the catheter in the SVC just superior to the right atrium of the heart. The pressure within the SVC reflects the pressure under which the blood is returned to the right atrium. If increased, this can indicate CHF. If decreased, this indicates hemorrhage or fluid loss.
Distrubances in conduction caused by electrical impulses that do not originate from the SA node.
diagnostic procedure consisting of recording the activity of the heart electronically with a cardiograph (and producing a cardiogram)
a graphical record of electrical activity of the brain
regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the epidural space of the spinal cord
Loss of blood to the point where life can no longer be sustained
How is Amphotericin B administered for fungal meningitis?
a closure of the larynx that blocks the passage of air to the lungs
loss of sensation in a small area of the body (as when a local anesthetic is injected for a tooth extraction)
pertaining to the area on the anterior surface of the body overlying the heart
a noninvasive method of measuring oxygen in the blood by using a device that attaches to the fingertip
irregularity of cardiac rhythm
loss of sensation in a region of the body produced by application of an anesthetic agent to all the nerves supplying that region (as when an epidural anesthetic is administered to the pelvic region during childbirth)
abnormally rapid heartbeat (over 100 beats per minute)
a drug that causes narrowing of the blood vessels, decreasing blood flow
dilation of blood vessels (especially the arteries)
hormone from renial medulla that raises blood pressure, a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin)
around the mouth
redness of the skin
a metabolic acid found in yeast and liver cells
an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-defined red margins
Local anesthetics can metabolize to ___ which cause allergies due to metabolism in para-aminobenzoic acid.
of or relating to or caused by amnesia
loss of bodily sensation with or without loss of consciousness
a loss of polarity or polarization
Starts as the patient begins to awake from the altered state induced by the anesthesia and usually ends when the patient is ready to leave the OR.
a light-sensitive coating on paper or film
Removal of endotracheal tube
rapid continuous twitching of resting muscle without movement of limb
Begins with administration of the anesthetic agent and continues until the patient is ready for the incision.
the insertion of a cannula or tube into a hollow body organ
secretion of tears, esp. in excess
Laryngeal mask airway
surgical intervention takes place during this phase; maintenance of homeostatic function of all vital organs critical to successful anesthetic delivery and surgical outcome
Minimum alveolar concentration
the minimum concentration of an inhalation anesthetic in the alveolus that prevents 50% of patients from responding to a painful stimulus.
pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine to turn it into a vapor, which is then inhaled by the patient via a face mask or mouthpiece
Opioids provide an analgesic effect by decreasing the perception of pain and increase pain tolerance.
post anesthesia care unit
begins at the time of premedication & ends when induction of anesthesia begins
repetitive stress injuries
the sodium channels close and the sodium potassium pumps begin to work again
a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts
muscular twitching of contiguous groups of muscle fibers