Anatomy & Physiology - Word Roots, Prefixes, Suffixes Etc

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113 terms · Anatomy & Physiology - Foreign Word Roots, Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Forms

"a-" Example: avascular

without

"ab-" Example: abduct

from

"-ac" Example: cardiac

pertaining to

"acr-", Example: acromegaly

extremity

"ad-", Example: adduct

to, toward

"aden-", "adeno-" Example: adenoid

gland

"adip-", "adipos" Example: adipocytes

fat

"aer-", "aeros" Example: aerobic metabolism

air

"-al", "-alis" Example: brachial

pertaining to

"alb-", "albicans" Example: albino

white

"-algia", Example: neuralgia

pain

"allo-", Example: allograft

other

"ana-", Example: anaphase

up, back

"andro-" Example: androgen

male

"angio-" Example: angiogram

vessel

"ante-" Example: antebrachial

before

"anti-", "ant-" Example: antibiotic

against

"apo-" Example: apocrine

from

"arachn-", "arachne-" Example: arachnoid

spider

"arter-" Example: arterial

artery

"arthro(s)-" Example: arthroscopy

joint

"astro-", "aster" Example: astrocyte

star

"atel(es)-" Example: atelectasis

imperfect

"aur-", "auris-" Example: auricle

ear

"auto-" Example: autonomic

self

"baro(s)-" Example: baroreceptor

pressure

"bi-" Example: bifurcate

two

"bio(s)-" Example: biology

life

"-blast(os)" Example: osteoblast

precursor

"brachi-" Example: brachium, brachiocephalic

arm

"brachy-" Example: brachydactyly

short

"brady-" Example: bradycardia

slow

"bronch-" Example: bronchial

windpipe, airway

"carcin-" Example: carcinoma

cancer

"cardi-" Example: cardiac

heart

"-cele" Example: blastocele

tumor, hernia, or swelling

"-centesis" Example: thoracocentesis

puncture

"cephal-" Example: brachiocephalic

head

"cerebr-" Example: cerebrum, cerebral hemisphere

brain

"cerebro-" Example: cerebrospinal fluid

brain

"cervic-" Example: cervical vertebrae

neck

"chole-" Example: cholecystitis

bile

"-chondrion" Example: mitochondrion

granule

"chondro-" Example: chrondrocyte

cartilage

"chrom(o)-" Example: chromatin

color

"circum-" Example: circumduction

around

"-clast" Example: osteoclast

broken

"coel-" Example: coelom

cavity

"colo-" Example: colonoscopy

colon

"contra-" Example: contralateral

against

"corp-" Example: corpuscle

body

"cortic-" Example: corticospinal, cortex

rind or bark

"cost-" Example: costal

rib

"cranio-" Example: cranialsacral

skull

"cribr-" Example: cribriform

sieve

"-crine" Example: endocrine

to separate

"cut-" Example: cutaneous

skin

"cyam-" Example: cyanosis

blue

"cyst-" Example: blastocyst

sac

"cyt(o)-" Example: cytology

a hollow cell

"de-" Example: deactivation

from, away

"dendr-" Example: dendrite

tree

"dent-" Example: dentition

teeth

"derm-" Example: dermatome

skin

"desmo-" Example: desmosome

band

"di-" Example: disaccharide

twice

"dia-" Example: diameter

through

"digit-" Example: digital

a finger or toe

"dipl-" Example: diploid

double

"dis-" Example: disability

apart, away from

"diure-" Example: diuresis

to urinate

"dys-" Example: dysmenorrhea

painful

"-ectasis" Example: atelectasis

expansion

"ecto-" Example: ectoderm

outside

"-ectomy" Example: appendectomy

excision

"ef-" Example: efferent

away, from

"emmetro-" Example: emmetropia

in proper measure

"encephalo-" Example: encephalitis

brain

"end-", "endo-" Example: endometrium

within

"entero-" Example: enteric

intestine

"epi-" Example: epimysium

upon

"erythema-" Example: erythematosis

flushed (skin)

"erythro-" Example: erythrocyte

red

"ex-" Example: exocytosis

out of, away from

"extra-" Example: extracellular

outside of, beyond, in addition

"ferr-" Example: transferrin

iron

"fil-" Example: filament

thread

"-form" Example: fusiform

shape

"gastr-" Example: gastrointestinal

stomach

"-gen", "-genic" Example: mutagen

to produce

"genicula-" Example: geniculates

kneelike structure

"genio-" Example: geniohyoid

chin

"gest-" Example: gestation

to bear

"glosso-" Example: hypoglossal

tongue

"glyco-" Example: glycogen

sugar

"-gram" Example: myogram

record

"gran-" Example: granulocyte

grain

"-graph" Example: electroencephalograph

to write, record

"gyne-", "gyno-" Example: gynecologist

woman

"hem(o)-" Example: hemopoiesis

blood

"hemi-" Example: hemisphere

one half

"hepato-" Example: hepatocyte

liver

"hetero-" Example: heterozygous

other

"histo-" Example: histology

tissue

"holo-" Example: holocrine

entire

"homeo-" Example: homeostasis

similar

"homo-" Example: homozygous

same

"hyal(o)-" Example: hyaline

glass

"hydro-" Example: hydrolysis

water

"hyo-" Example: hyoid bone

u-shaped

"hyper-" Example: hyperpolarization

above

"hypo-" Example: hypothyroid

under

"hyster-" Example: hysterectomy

uterus

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