Anatomy chapter one

Created by keclipse5 

Upgrade to
remove ads

Holes Anatomy and Physiology Twelfth Edition Chapter One Study Guide

list the levels of organization from least complex to most complex

subatomic particles, atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism

An organ defined as a structure that has a specific structure and is composed of two or more different types of?

Tissues

The sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body is known as?

Metabolism

Tom has been lifting weights. As a result of the physical work, his muscle cells have added proteins and become larger. Which of the characteristics of life best describes this increase in size?

Growth

Where is the cranial cavity is located in the?

Cephalic; in your head

A tranvsverse plane divides the body into?

Above the waist and below the waist

The word axillary refers to the?

Armpit

The region of the abdominopelvic cavity that is inferior and medial to the left lumbar region is the?

hypogastric region

What describes the relationship between the visceral pleura and the parietal pleura?

The visceral pleura is deep to the parietal pleura

The term cephalic refers to the?

Head

During the process of development of the skeletal system, embryonic cells, known as mesenchyme cells, may develop into either osteoblasts or chondroblasts, which in turn, may develop into osteocystes and chondocytes. This process is an example of?

Differentiation

The body system that distributes oxygen and nutrients to cells and carries carbon dioxide and wastes away from cells is the?

Cardiovascular system

The system that plays the major role in regulating the volume and chemical composition of blood, eliminating wastes, and regulating fluid and electrolyte balance is the?

Urinary system

Which of the following body parts would be considered contralateral (opposite sides) to each other?

left lung and right lung

What lines the abdominal cavity?

parietal perineum

Define anatomy

Study of structure

Define physiology

study of function

Give examples of the parts of the integumentary system

skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, secaceous glands

Generation of heat (thermogenesis) is a function of the ________ system?

Muscular system

Define tissue

group of similar cells that performs a specialized function

Assessment of body structure and function by touching body surfaces with the hands is called?

Palpation

What organ is located in the mediastinum?

Heart

give the main function of the skeletal system.

Provide framework

Which of the following is located in the pelvic cavity?

uterus

Name the organs found in the thoracic cavity.

lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus

describe the anatomical position

standing erect; the face is forward; and the upper limbs are at the sides, with the palms forward

Ginny is six years old and has grown 12 inches during the last year. Her family physician has referred her to an endocrinologist. This is because he suspects there is a problem with her?

Hormone balance

When dividing the abdominopelvic cavity into quadrants, a transverse plane and a midsgittal plane are passed through the?

umbilicus

Define histology

the study of cells

Which plane vertically divides the body through the midline into right and left portions?

Sagittal plane

Anabolism is?

synthesis of larger molecules from smaller ones

___________ is the sum of all chemical processes that occur in the body

MEtabolism

What organ system has the most influence on controlling and integrating body activities?

Endocrine

The study of disease is?

Pathology

The study of aging is?

Gerontology

Define sagittal plane

plane or section that divides a structure into right and left portions

Define homeostasis

state of equilibrium in which the internal environment of the body remains in the normal range

define Cell

the structural and functional unit of an organism

The position of the body that includes the head, neck and trunk.

Axial

The serous pleural membrane which is the outer covering of the lung.

Visceral

Describes a part closer to the trunk of the body or closer to another specified point of reference than another part.

Proximal

Is the Opposite of proximal, it means a body part is farther from the trunk or farther from another specified point of reference than another part.

Distal

A part is above another part or closer to the head

Superior

A part is below another part or toward the head

Inferior

Outward or near the surface

Peripheral

Describes internal parts

Deep

the cavity that houses the lungs, heart and vicera

Thoracic

cells make up?

tissue

Organs make up>

ORgan systems

Tissues make up?

organs

Organ systems make up?

Organism

The hand is located ____ to the elbow.

Distally

The ear is located________ to the eye.

Posteriorly

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set