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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Cellulose
  2. Monosaccharides
  3. Amino Acid
  4. Hydrophilic
  5. Steroids
  1. a consists of a central carbon atom bonded to four covalent partners (carbon always forms 4 covalent bonds)
  2. b the most abundant organic compound on Earth, forms cable-like fibrils in the tough walls that enclose plant cells and is a major component of wood
  3. c which literally means "water loving"; hydrophilic molecules adhere to water to their surface
  4. d
    simple sugar
  5. e very different from fats in structure and function; the carbon skeleton of a steroid is bent to form four fused rings

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. nucleic acids are polymers made from monomers
  2. compounds that contain carbon
  3. consists largely of molecules of trglyceride
  4. are synthetic variants of testosterone, the male sex hormone
  5. in animals they serve as a primary source of dietary energy; in plants, they are used as a building material to for much or the plant body

5 True/False Questions

  1. Functional Groupsin an organic molecule, the groups of atoms that usually participate in chemical reactions


  2. Monomer
    molecules that have the same molecular formula but different structures


  3. Polymerslarge molecules made by stringing together many smaller molecules called monomers


  4. Hydrogenentationthe process of an unfavorable change in temperature, pH, or some other quality of the environment can cause a protein to unravel and lose its natural shape


  5. Peptide Bonda polymer constructed from amino acid monomers


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