Veterinary Medical Terminology-Meat and Bones-Terminology Applied to Bone

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Common Anatomical Terms for Cattle ~VETT118 Veterinary Medical Terminology San Juan College Veterinary Technician ~Veterinary Medical Terminology by: J. Romich Chapter 3 Meat and Bones-Terminology Applied to Bone

Ossification

formation of bone from fibrous tissue, continues until maturity.

cortical bone

hard, dense, strong bone that forms the outer layer of bone; also called compact bone

cancellous bone

lighter, less strong bone that is found in the ends and inner portions of long bones; also called spongy bone

epiphysis

wide end of long bone which is covered with articular cartilage and composed of cancellous bone

diaphysis

Shaft or middle region of long bone that is composed mainly of compact bone

proximal epiphysis

the end of the bone that is located nearest to the midline of the body

distal epiphysis

the end of the bone that is located farthest away from the midline

physis

cartilage segment of long bone that involves growth of the bone: also called growth plate or epiphyseal cartilage

metaphysis

flared portion of a long bone shaft, adjacent to the physis (growth plate); in adult animals, it is considered part of the epiphysis

periosteum

the tough, fibrous tissue that forms the outermost covering of bone

endosteum

tough fibrous tissue that form the lining of the medullary cavity

long bone

bones consisting of a shaft, two ends, and a marrow cavity (i.e., femur)

short bones

cube shaped bones with no marrow cavity (i.e. carpals)

flat bones

thin flat bones, usually curved (i.e. ribs, shoulder blades, pelvis, and skull)

pneumatic bones

sinus containing bones (i.e., frontal bones of skull)

irregular bones

unpaired bones (i.e., vertebrae and hip)

sesamoid bones

small round bones embedded in tendons (i.e., patella)

epi-

above

physis

growth

dia-

between

peri-

surrounding

oste/o-

bone

-um

structure

endo-

within or inner

meta-

beyond

-malacia

abnormal softening

-sclerosis

abnormal hardening

osteoblasts

immature bone cells that produce bony tissue

-blasts

immature

-clasts

break

osteoclasts

phagocytic cells that eat away bony tissue froomthe medullary cavity of bone

osteocytes

mature osteoblasts

hematopoietic

red bone marrow located in cancellous bone

hemat/o

blood

-poietic

pertaining to formation

medullary cavity

inner space of bone that contains yellow bone marrow

yellow bone marrow

mainly composed of fat fat cells and serves as a fat storage

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