Veterinary Medical Terminology-Meat and Bones- Axial Skeleton

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50 terms · ~VETT118 Veterinary Medical Terminology San Juan College Veterinary Technician ~Veterinary Medical Terminology by: J. Romich Chapter 3 Meat and Bones-Axial Skeleton

axial skeleton

basic framework of the body, the skull, vertebral column, and rib cage

appendicular skeleton

framework of the body that consists of the extremities, shoulder, and the pelvic girdle

cranium

the part of the skull that encloses the brain

crani/o

combining form for skull

frontal

forms the roof of the cranial cavity or "front" or cranial portion of the skull

parietal

paired bones that form the roof of the caudal cranial cavity

occipital

caudal aspect of the cranial cavity where the foramen magnum, or opening of the spinal cord, is located.

foramen

an opening in a bone through which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass

magnum

large

temporal

the sides and base of cranium; of or relating to the temples

sphenoid

paired bones that form part of the base of the skull and parts of the floor and sides of the bony eye socket

ethmoid

forms the rostral part of the cranial cavity

incisive

forms the rostral part of the hard palate and lower edges of the nares

brachycephalic

short, wide skull (ex: boxers, pugs, and Persian cats)

dolichocephalic

long narrow skull (ex: collies, greyhounds)

mesocephalic

average width to heads such as labrador retrievers

pterygoid

Forms the lateral wall of the nasopharynx

sinuses

air or fluid filled spaces in the skull that open into the nasal cavity

zygomatic

projections from the temporal and frontal bones to form the cheekbone

maxilla

upper jaw bone

mandible

lower jaw bone

palatine

Bone that forms the hard palate

lacrimal

forms medial part of the orbit, or pertaining to tears

incisive

forms the rostral part of the hard palate and lower edge of nares

nasal

bridge of nose

vomer

base of nasal septum

nasal septum

dividing wall between the right and left nasal cavities

hyoid

bone suspended between the mandible and the laryngopharynx

vertebral column

spinal column or backbone; supports head and body and protects spinal column

vertebra

one of the bony segments of the spinal column

spondyl/o, vertebr/o

combining form for vertebra

vertebrae

segments of bone or some other hard substance that are arranged into a backbone

vertebrae body

solid portion ventral to the spinal cord; disk-like, weight-bearing

vertebrae arch

Dorsal to the body; Hollow; surrounds spinal cord

vertebrae lamina

left or right dorsal half of the vertebrae arch

vertebrae spinous process

single production from the dorsal half of the vertebrae arch

transverse process

left or right lateral half of the vertebrae arch

articular process

paired cranial and caudal projections located on the dorsum end of the vertebrae arch

foramen

an opening in a bone through which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass

vertebral foramen

opening for the spinal cord

intervertebral discs

cartilage pads between vertebrae;
absorb shock
allow spinal column to bend slightly

atlas

the 1st cervical vertebra

axis

the 2nd cervical vertebra

ribs

paired of bones forming the wall of the thorax

cost/o

combining form for ribs

sternum

the breastbone; forms the mid-line ventral portion of the rib cage

manubrium

cranial portion of the sternum; the upper part of the breastbone

sternum body

main long part of sternum

xiphoid process

caudal portion of the sternum

thoracic cavity

surrounds and protects the heart and lungs

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