Veterinary Medical Terminology-Meat and Bones-Appendicular Skeleton

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~VETT118 Veterinary Medical Terminology San Juan College Veterinary Technician ~Veterinary Medical Terminology by: J. Romich Chapter 3 Meat and Bones-Appendicular Skeleton

scapula

large triangular shaped shoulder blade connected to the thorax

clavical

collar bone; slender bone that connects sternum to the scapula.

humerus

the bone of the proximal front limb, between the shoulder and the elbow

antebrachium

region of the two bone (radius and ulna) that form the forearm or distal front limb; The region from elbow to wrist

radius

cranial bone of the front limb

ulna

caudal bone of the front limb

olecranon

proximal projection of the ulna that forms a point of the elbow

carpal bones

wrist; Irregular-shaped bones. In small animals is called carpus, large animals called knee

metacarpals

bones found distal to the carpus identified in numbers from medial to lateral; hand bones

meta-

beyond

splint bones

two bones on either side of the cannon bone in horses (shin bone)

interosseous

a structure between bones, such as the muscles between the metacarpals

phalanges

bones of the fingers and toes

phalanx

singular bone of the digit (one finger/toe)
(Phalanx 3 or P3 maybe called claw in nonhooved animals)

digits

Fingers

dewclaw

functionless claw projecting caudally from ruminant fetlock

ungulates

animals with hooves

fetlock joint

joint between cannon bone and long pastern bone of equine, joint between cannon bone and long pastern bone of equine

pastern joint

joint between the long and short pastern bones; , joint between p1 and p2

coffin joint

between short pastern and coffin bone of equine; joint between P2 and P3

onych/o

combining form for claw

onychectomy

dewclaw procedure in cats

sesamoid bones

Small nodular bones embedded in tendons or a joint capsule. Often found in the hands and feet, the largest is the patella.

navicular bone

sesamoid bone found in the hoof of a horse on the palmer or planter surface

pelvis

hip; bony structure including the ilium, ischium, pubis

ilium

largest of the pelvis; pair of blade-shape bone

sacroiliac joint

joint between the sacrum and the ilium

ischium

caudal pair of bones that help make up the pelvis

pubis

ventral pair of bones that help makes up the pelvis

pubic symphysis

cartilaginous joint at which two pubic bones fuse together

acetabulum

large socket of the pelvic bone that forms where where the three bones of the pelvis meet

femur

The proximal bone of the hind or lower limb that is the longest and largest bone in the human body, extends from the hip to the knee

femoral head

head of the femur connected to femoral neck

femoral neck

the narrow area just below the head of the femur

trochanters

large, flat, broad projections on a femur bone

condyles

rounded projection

patella

large sesamoid bone rear limb; kneecap

stiffle joint

joint that houses the patella

popliteal

sesamoid bone int he rear limb on the caudal surface of the stiffle; region behind the knee

tibia

distal long and slender bone of the rear limb

fibula

large weight bearing bone distal long bone of the rear limb

crus

area of the rear limb between the stifle and hock; the leg from the knee to foot

tarsus

small animals irregular shaped bones; ankle

hock

large animals irregular shaped bones; ankle

talus

short the bone in the ankle that articulates with the leg bones to form the ankle joint

calcaneus

long lateral tarsal bone located in the proximal row of tarsals

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