Veterinary Medical Terminology-Meat and Bones-Muscular system, Functions, structures

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88 terms · ~VETT118 Veterinary Medical Terminology San Juan College Veterinary Technician ~Veterinary Medical Terminology by: J. Romich Chapter 3 Meat and Bones-Muscular system, Functions, structures

ambulation

walking about or moving

fibr/o, fibros/o

combining form for fibrous tissue

my/o

combining form for muscle

fascia

a sheet or band of fibrous connective tissue separating or binding together muscles and organs etc

fasci/o, fasc/i

combining forms for fascia

tendons

connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone

tend/o, tendin/o ten/o

combining forms for tendon

linea alba

fibrous band of connective tissue on the ventral abdominal wall that is the median attachment of the abdominal muscles

aponeurousis

a fibrous sheet that provides attachment to muscular fibers and its means of origin or insertion of a flat muscle

kinesiology

study of movement

antagonistic

muscles that work against or opposite of each other

synergists

muscles that contract at the same time as another muscle to help movement or support movement

sys-

together

erg

work

contraction

tightening

relaxation

lessening of tension

neuromuscular junction

the point of contact between the nerve ending and the muscle cells

tonus

muscle tone

muscle orgin

place where a muscle begins or originates and is the more fixed attachment or the end of the muscle closest to the mid line

muscle insertion

place where muscle ends, or inserts, and is more moveable end or portion of the muscle furthest from the mid line

range of motion

types of muscle movement

abductor

muscle that moves a part away from the midline

adductor

muscle that moves a part toward the midline

flexor

muscle that bends a limb at its joint or decreases the joint angle

extensor

a muscle that straightens a limb at a joint

levator

muscle that raises or elevates a part

depressor

muscle that lowers or depresses a part

rotator

muscle that turns a body part on its axis

supinator

muscle that rotates the palmar or plantar surface upward; palm upward

pronator

muscle that rotates the palmar or plantar surface downward: palm downward

pectoral muscles

muscles of the chest

pector

chest

epaxial muscles

located above the pelvic axis

intercostal muscles

The muscles between the ribs that contract to lift and the ribs and move them out when we breath in.

infraspinatus muscles

located beneath the spine of the scapula

supraspinatus muscles

located above the spine of the scapula

inferior

muscle location meaning below or deep

superior

muscle location meaning above

medius

muscle location meaning middle

externus

muscle location meaning outer

internus

muscle location meaning inner

orbicularis

muscle location meaning muscles surrounding another structure

rectus

meaning straight; in straight alignment with the vertical axis of the body

oblique

meaning slanted; obliques muscles slant outward away from the mid line

transverse

means crosswise; transverse muscles form crosswise to the mid line

sphincter

means tight band; sphincter muscles are ring-like and constrict the opening the passageway

biceps

generally have two divisions
bi=two

triceps

generally have three divisions
tri= three

quadriceps

generally have four divisions
quad= four

azygous

muscle not paired

minimus

small muscles

maximus

large muscles

latissimus

broad muscles

longissimus

narrow muscles

deltoid

muscle shaped like the greek letter delta or triangle

quadratus

muscles are square or four-sided

rhomboideus

muscles diamond shaped

scalenus

muscles are unequally three sided

serratus

muscles are saw-toothed

teres

muscles are cylindrical

sartorius muscle

a muscle in the thigh that helps to rotate the leg into the sitting position assumed by a tailor

gemellus

twinned muscles;
gemellus means twin

gastrocnemius muscle

leg muscle that resembles the shape of the stomach

gastr/o

means stomach

kneme

means leg

electromyography

process of recording the electrical activity of muscle

electromyogram

record of the strength of the muscle contraction caused by electrical currents

adhesion

a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally

ataxia

lack of muscular coordination; voluntary movement

atonic

lacking muscle control

dystrophy

defective growth

fasciitis

inflammation of the fascia

fibroma

tumor composed of fully developed connective tissue

hernia

protrusion of a part from its normal location

laxity

looseness

leiomyositis

inflammation of smooth tissue

myasthenia

muscle weakness

myoclonus

spasm of muscle

myopathy

abnormal condition or disease of muscle

myositis

inflammation of voluntary muscles

myotonia

delayed relaxation of a muscle after contraction

tendinitis

inflammation of the band of fibrous connective tissue that connects muscle to bone

tentany

muscle spasms or twitching

myectomy

surgical removal of a portion of a muscle

myoplasty

surgical repair of a muscle

myotomy

a surgical incision into a muscle

tenectomy

surgical removal of a part of a tendon

tenotomy

surgical division of a tendon

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