Chapter 1 ( frontal plane about a sagittal axis)

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69 terms · Movements in the frontal plane about a sagittal axis  abduction: the distal segment moves away from the midline of the body  adduction: the distal segment moves towards the midline of the body  exception: finger or toe movements  lateral flexion: used for neck or trunk movements  radial deviation/ ulnar deviation: used for wrist or thumb movements  inversion/ eversion: used for foot movements Frontal Plane - Fundamental Movements nAbduction nAdduction nLeft lateral flexion nRight lateral …

Planes of Motion

Imaginary two-dimensional surface through which a limb or body segment is moved
Motion through a plane revolves around an axis
There is a ninety-degree relationship between a plane of motion & its axis

Cardinal planes of motion

3 basic or traditional
in relation to the body, not in relation to the earth
Anteroposterior or Sagittal Plane
Lateral or Frontal Plane
Transverse or Horizontal Plane

Cardinal planes of motion

Frontal plane about a sagittal axis

Has same orientation as sagittal plane of motion & runs from front to back at a right angle to frontal plane of motion
Runs anterior / posterior
Commonly includes abduction, adduction movements

Frontal plane (coronal or lateral plane) bisects body laterally from side to side, dividing into front (ventral) and back (dorsal) halves.

Frontal Plane (Coronal Plane) -

plane that cuts you down your side. It would cut you from your ear though your hip to your feet

Frontal Coronal Plane
front (ventral) and back (dorsal) halves.

Frontal plane about a sagittal axis

Frontal Plane - Fundamental Movements

Abduction--Adduction
Left lateral flexion
Right lateral flexion
Hyperabductionn--Hyperadduction
Radial deviation
Ulnar deviation
Inversion--Eversion

Abduction--Adduction

Abduction--Adduction

Abduction--Adduction

frontal plane

Left lateral flexion
Right lateral flexion

dumb bell
Left lateral flexion
Right lateral flexion

Hyperabductionn--Hyperadduction

Radial deviation
Ulnar deviation

Radial flexion -radial seviation-...Abduction movement at wrist of thumb side of hand toward forearm

Abduction-Lateral movement away from midline of trunk...Adduction -Movement medially toward midline ..Joints--Spine, shoulder, wrist, fingers, hip, ankle, toes

Inversion--Eversion

Inversion-Turning sole of foot inward or medially...Eversion-Turning sole of foot outward or laterally

Inversion--Eversion

Radial deviation
Ulnar deviation

Inversion--Eversion

Movement in Frontal Plane

• Major Joints involved : Shoulder, Hip, Wrist,
Ankle, Trunk, Neck, & Scapula

Frontal plane Anterior-posterior axis

Anterior-posterior axis

Frontal movement

side to side

Neck lateral flexion
Neck medial extension

Frontal, A-P,axis

arm abduction
Arm adduction

away from the body,
towards the body,

frontal, A-P axis

radial flexion
Ulnar flexion

hand-tumb side,
hand-pinky side, frontal, A-P axis

thumb flexion
thumb extension

frontal, A-P axis

trunk lateral flexion
trunk medial extention

frontal, A-P axis

pelvic title lateral

frontal, A-P axis

leg abduction
leg adduction

frontal, A-P axis

foot inversion
foot eversion

frontal , A-P axis

Anterior-posterior Axis ...
(through belly button)

Frontal Plan

Frontal Plane ...
What Axis?

Anterior-posterior Axis

Anterior Vs. Posterior

(Frontal/Coronal) front and back

Shoulder girdle elevation ...
______ Axis? _______ Plane?

Plane: Frontal Axis: Sagittal

Elbow flexion
______ Axis? _______ Plane?

Sagittal Axis: Frontal

Wrist radial deviation
______ Axis? _______ Plane?

Sagittal Axis: Frontal

Wrist radial deviation
______ Axis? _______ Plane?

Sagittal Axis: Frontal

Metacarpophalangeal abduction
______ Axis? _______ Plane?

Sagittal Axis: Frontal

Lumbar lateral flexion
______ Axis? _______ Plane?

Sagittal Axis: Frontal

Frontal or Coronal Plane

divides the body into anterior and posterior sections

Knee extension
______ Axis? _______ Plane?

Sagittal Axis: Frontal

Frontal Movements

1.abduction & adduction
2.radial/ulnar deviation ...

abduction

movement in frontal plane, away from anatomical position

adduction

movement in frontal plane, back to anatomical position

inversion foot movement

reference line turned toward midline

eversion foot movement,

reference line turned away from midline

ulnar deviation

wrist adduction

radial deviation

wrist abduction

ventral

The Front (Anterior)

Dorsal

The Back (Posterior)

anteroposterior

pertaining to the front and to the back

Abduction ABD

movement of body part away from the midline

Adduction ADD

movement of body part towards the midline

Radial Deviation RD

physiological movement of the wrist, where the hand including the fingers move towards the radius

Lateral axis (left/right)
Vertical axis (north/south)

sagittal, frontal, transverse

diagonal

parallel

Perpendicular lines cross each other or intersect at right angles.

vertical and horizontal axes

image girl shrug execise -

what plane - Frontal

ulnar deviation def--

little finger moved toward the ulna

radial deviation def--

thumb moves toward radius--used with wrist joint

image - rotation shake head with weight on sholders -what plane and what axis-

Frontal plane-movement is about longitudinal axis-is perp to transverse plane

image - bar bell pushups - sitting up from should level up - what plane and what axis--

movement in frontal plane--perpendicular to frontal plane--anteriorposterior axis

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