ACCT 3021 Chapter 17

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43 terms · ACCT 3021 Chapter 17

21. Which of the following is not a debt security?
a. Convertible bonds
b. Commercial paper
c. Loans receivable
d. All of these are debt securities.

C

22. A correct valuation is
a. available-for-sale at amortized cost.
b. held-to-maturity at amortized cost.
c. held-to-maturity at fair value.
d. none of these.

B

23. Securities which could be classified as held-to-maturity are
a. redeemable preferred stock.
b. warrants.
c. municipal bonds.
d. treasury stock.

C

24. Unrealized holding gains or losses which are recognized in income are from securities
classified as
a. held-to-maturity.
b. available-for-sale.
c. trading.
d. none of these.

C

25. When an investor's accounting period ends on a date that does not coincide with an
interest receipt date for bonds held as an investment, the investor must
a. make an adjusting entry to debit Interest Receivable and to credit Interest Revenue for
the amount of interest accrued since the last interest receipt date.
b. notify the issuer and request that a special payment be made for the appropriate
portion of the interest period.
c. make an adjusting entry to debit Interest Receivable and to credit Interest Revenue for
the total amount of interest to be received at the next interest receipt date.
d. do nothing special and ignore the fact that the accounting period does not coincide
with the bond's interest period.

A

26. Debt securities that are accounted for at amortized cost, not fair value, are
a. held-to-maturity debt securities.
b. trading debt securities.
c. available-for-sale debt securities.
d. never-sell debt securities.

A

27. Debt securities acquired by a corporation which are accounted for by recognizing
unrealized holding gains or losses and are included as other comprehensive income and
as a separate component of stockholders' equity are
a. held-to-maturity debt securities.
b. trading debt securities.
c. available-for-sale debt securities.
d. never-sell debt securities.

C

28. Use of the effective-interest method in amortizing bond premiums and discounts results in
a. a greater amount of interest income over the life of the bond issue than would result
from use of the straight-line method.
b. a varying amount being recorded as interest income from period to period.
c. a variable rate of return on the book value of the investment.
d. a smaller amount of interest income over the life of the bond issue than would result
from use of the straight-line method.

B

29. Equity securities acquired by a corporation which are accounted for by recognizing
unrealized holding gains or losses as other comprehensive income and as a separate
component of stockholders' equity are
a. available-for-sale securities where a company has holdings of less than 20%.
b. trading securities where a company has holdings of less than 20%.
c securities where a company has holdings of between 20% and 50%.
d. securities where a company has holdings of more than 50%.

A

30. A requirement for a security to be classified as held-to-maturity is
a. ability to hold the security to maturity.
b. positive intent.
c. the security must be a debt security.
d. All of these are required.

D

31. Held-to-maturity securities are reported at
a. acquisition cost.
b. acquisition cost plus amortization of a discount.
c. acquisition cost plus amortization of a premium.
d. fair value.

B

32. Solo Co. purchased $300,000 of bonds for $315,000. If Solo intends to hold the securities
to maturity, the entry to record the investment includes
a. a debit to Held-to-Maturity Securities at $300,000.
b. a credit to Premium on Investments of $15,000.
c. a debit to Held-to-Maturity Securities at $315,000.
d. none of these.

C

33. Which of the following is not correct in regard to trading securities?
a. They are held with the intention of selling them in a short period of time.
b. Unrealized holding gains and losses are reported as part of net income.
c. Any discount or premium is not amortized.
d. All of these are correct.

D

34. In accounting for investments in debt securities that are classified as trading securities,
a. a discount is reported separately.
b. a premium is reported separately.
c. any discount or premium is not amortized.
d. none of these.

C

35. Investments in debt securities are generally recorded at
a. cost including accrued interest.
b. maturity value.
c. cost including brokerage and other fees.
d. maturity value with a separate discount or premium account.

C

36. Pippen Co. purchased ten-year, 10% bonds that pay interest semiannually. The bonds are
sold to yield 8%. One step in calculating the issue price of the bonds is to multiply the
principal by the table value for
a. 10 periods and 10% from the present value of 1 table.
b. 10 periods and 8% from the present value of 1 table.
c. 20 periods and 5% from the present value of 1 table.
d. 20 periods and 4% from the present value of 1 table.

D

37. Investments in debt securities should be recorded on the date of acquisition at
a. lower of cost or market.
b. market value.
c. market value plus brokerage fees and other costs incident to the purchase.
d. face value plus brokerage fees and other costs incident to the purchase.

C

38. An available-for-sale debt security is purchased at a discount. The entry to record the
amortization of the discount includes a
a. debit to Available-for-Sale Securities.
b. debit to the discount account.
c. debit to Interest Revenue.
d. none of these.

A

39. APB Opinion No. 21 specifies that, regarding the amortization of a premium or discount on
a debt security, the
a. effective-interest method of allocation must be used.
b. straight-line method of allocation must be used.
c. effective-interest method of allocation should be used but other methods can be
applied if there is no material difference in the results obtained.
d. par value method must be used and therefore no allocation is necessary.

C

40. Which of the following is correct about the effective-interest method of amortization?
a. The effective interest method applied to investments in debt securities is different from
that applied to bonds payable.
b. Amortization of a discount decreases from period to period.
c. Amortization of a premium decreases from period to period.
d. The effective-interest method produces a constant rate of return on the book value of
the investment from period to period.

D

41. When investments in debt securities are purchased between interest payment dates,
preferably the
a. securities account should include accrued interest.
b. accrued interest is debited to Interest Expense.
c. accrued interest is debited to Interest Revenue.
d. accrued interest is debited to Interest Receivable.

C

42. Which of the following is not generally correct about recording a sale of a debt security
before maturity date?
a. Accrued interest will be received by the seller even though it is not an interest
payment date.
b. An entry must be made to amortize a discount to the date of sale.
c. The entry to amortize a premium to the date of sale includes a credit to the Premium
on Investments in Debt Securities.
d. A gain or loss on the sale is not extraordinary.

C

43. When a company has acquired a "passive interest" in another corporation, the acquiring
company should account for the investment
a. by using the equity method.
b. by using the fair value method.
c. by using the effective interest method.
d. by consolidation.

B

44. Bista Corporation declares and distributes a cash dividend that is a result of current
earnings. How will the receipt of those dividends affect the investment account of the
investor under each of the following accounting methods?
Fair Value Method Equity Method
a. No Effect Decrease
b. Increase Decrease
c. No Effect No Effect
d. Decrease No Effect

A

45. An investor has a long-term investment in stocks. Regular cash dividends received by the
investor are recorded as
Fair Value Method Equity Method
a. Income Income
b. A reduction of the investment A reduction of the investment
c. Income A reduction of the investment
d. A reduction of the investment Income

C

46. When a company holds between 20% and 50% of the outstanding stock of an investee,
which of the following statements applies?
a. The investor should always use the equity method to account for its investment.
b. The investor should use the equity method to account for its investment unless circumstances indicate that it is unable to exercise "significant influence" over the investee.
c. The investor must use the fair value method unless it can clearly demonstrate the
ability to exercise "significant influence" over the investee.
d. The investor should always use the fair value method to account for its investment.

B

47. If the parent company owns 90% of the subsidiary company's outstanding common stock,
the company should generally account for the income of the subsidiary under the
a. cost method.
b. fair value method.
c. divesture method.
d. equity method.

D

48. Byner Corporation accounts for its investment in the common stock of Yount Company
under the equity method. Byner Corporation should ordinarily record a cash dividend
received from Yount as
a. a reduction of the carrying value of the investment.
b. additional paid-in capital.
c. an addition to the carrying value of the investment.
d. dividend income.

A

49. Under the equity method of accounting for investments, an investor recognizes its share
of the earnings in the period in which the
a. investor sells the investment.
b. investee declares a dividend.
c. investee pays a dividend.
d. earnings are reported by the investee in its financial statements.

D

50. Dane, Inc., owns 35% of Marin Corporation. During the calendar year 2007, Marin had net
earnings of $300,000 and paid dividends of $30,000. Dane mistakenly recorded these
transactions using the fair value method rather than the equity method of accounting.
What effect would this have on the investment account, net income, and retained
earnings, respectively?
a. Understate, overstate, overstate
b. Overstate, understate, understate
c. Overstate, overstate, overstate
d. Understate, understate, understate

D

51. An unrealized holding loss on a company's available-for-sale securities should be
reflected in the current financial statements as
a. an extraordinary item shown as a direct reduction from retained earnings.
b. a current loss resulting from holding securities.
c. a note or parenthetical disclosure only.
d. other comprehensive income and deducted in the equity section of the balance sheet.

D

52. An unrealized holding gain on a company's available-for-sale securities should be
reflected in the current financial statements as
a. an extraordinary item shown as a direct increase to retained earnings.
b. a current gain resulting from holding securities.
c. a note or parenthetical disclosure only.
d. other comprehensive income and included in the equity section of the balance sheet.

D

53. A reclassification adjustment is reported in the
a. income statement as an Other Revenue or Expense.
b. stockholders' equity section of the balance sheet.
c. statement of comprehensive income as other comprehensive income.
d. statement of stockholders' equity.

C

54. When an investment in a held-to-maturity security is transferred to an available-for-sale
security, the carrying value assigned to the available-for-sale security should be
a. its original cost.
b. its fair value at the date of the transfer.
c. the lower of its original cost or its fair value at the date of the transfer.
d. the higher of its original cost or its fair value at the date of the transfer.

B

55. When an investment in an available-for-sale security is transferred to trading because the
company anticipates selling the stock in the near future, the carrying value assigned to the
investment upon entering it in the trading portfolio should be
a. its original cost.
b. its fair value at the date of the transfer.
c. the higher of its original cost or its fair value at the date of the transfer.
d. the lower of its original cost or its fair value at the date of the transfer.

B

56. A debt security is transferred from one category to another. Generally acceptable
accounting principles require that for this particular reclassification (1) the security be
transferred at fair value at the date of transfer, and (2) the unrealized gain or loss at the
date of transfer currently carried as a separate component of stockholders' equity be
amortized over the remaining life of the security. What type of transfer is being described?
a. Transfer from trading to available-for-sale
b. Transfer from available-for-sale to trading
c. Transfer from held-to-maturity to available-for-sale
d. Transfer from available-for-sale to held-to-maturity

D

57. Companies that attempt to exploit inefficiencies in various derivative markets by
attempting to lock in profits by simultaneously entering into transactions in two or more
markets are called
a. arbitrageurs.
b. gamblers.
c. hedgers.
d. speculators.

A

58. All of the following statements regarding accounting for derivatives are correct except that
a. they should be recognized in the financial statements as assets and liabilities.
b. they should be reported at fair value.
c. gains and losses resulting from speculation should be deferred.
d. gains and losses resulting from hedge transactions are reported in different ways,
depending upon the type of hedge.

C

59. All of the following are characteristics of a derivative financial instrument except the
instrument
a. has one or more underlyings and an identified payment provision.
b. requires a large investment at the inception of the contract.
c. requires or permits net settlement.
d. All of these are characteristics.

B

60. The accounting for fair value hedges records the derivative at its
a. amortized cost.
b. carrying value.
c. fair value.
d. historical cost.

C

61. Gains or losses on cash flow hedges are
a. ignored completely.
b. recorded in equity, as part of other comprehensive income.
c. reported directly in net income.
d. reported directly in retained earnings.

B

62. An option to convert a convertible bond into shares of common stock is a(n)
a. embedded derivative.
b. host security.
c. hybrid security.
d. fair value hedge.

A

63. All of the following are requirements for disclosures related to financial instruments except
a. disclosing the fair value and related carrying value of the instruments.
b. distinguishing between financial instruments held or issued for purposes other than
trading.
c. combining or netting the fair value of separate financial instruments.
d. displaying as a separate classification of other comprehensive income the net
gain/loss on derivative instruments designated in cash flow hedges.

C

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