Veterinary Medical Terminology-Meat and Bones-Pathology: Skeletal System, Fracture Terminology, Skeletal System Procedures

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~VETT118 Veterinary Medical Terminology San Juan College Veterinary Technician ~Veterinary Medical Terminology by: J. Romich Chapter 3 Meat and Bones-Pathology: Pathology: Skeletal System, Fracture Terminology, Skeletal System Procedures

ankylosis

loss of joint mobility caused by disease, injury, or surgery

arthralgia

Joint Pain

arthritis

Inflammation condition of the joint

arthrodynia

pain in a joint

arthropathy

joint disease

burstis

inflammation of bursa

chondromalacia

abnormal softening of cartilage

chondropathy

cartilage disease

discospondylitis

inflammation of the intervertebral disc and vertebrae

exostosis

benign growth on the bone surface

gouty arthritis

inflammation of joints caused by accumulation of uric acid

hip dysplasia

abnormal development of the pelvic joint causing the head of the femur and the acetabulum not to be aligned properly

intervertebral disc disease

rupture or protrusion of the cushioning disc found between the vertebrae that results in pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerve roots

kyphosis

dorsal curvature of the spine; hunchback

legg-calve-perthes disease

idiopathic necrosis of the femoral head and neck of small breed dogs

lordosis

an abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine (swayback)

luxation

dislocation or displacement of a bone from its joint

myeloma

tumor composed of cells derived from hematopoietic tissues of bone marrow

ostealgia

bone pain

osteitis

Inflammation of the bone

osteoarthritis

degenerative joint disease, most commonly associated with aging (wear-and-tear arthritis)

osteochondrosis

degeneration or necrosis of bone and cartilage followed by regeneration or recalcification

osteomalacia

abnormal softening of bone

osteomyelitis

inflammation of bone and bone marrow

osteonecrosis

death of bone tissue

osteoporosis

abnormal loss of bone density

osteosclerosis

abnormal hardening of bone

periostitis

inflammation of the fibrous tissue that forms the outermost covering of bone

rheumatois arthritis

auto immune- system attacks own cartilage and joint linings

sequestrum

piece of dead bone that is partially or fully detached from the adjacent healthy bone

spondylitis

inflammation of the vertebrae

spondylosis

any degenerative disorder of the vertebrae

spondylosis deformans

chronic degeneration of the articular processes and the development of bony outgrowths around the ventral edge of the vertebrae

subluxation

the partial displacement of a bone from its joint

synovitis

inflammation of the synovial membrane that lines a synovial joint

avulsion fracture

broken bone in which the site of muscle, tendon, or ligament insertion is detached by a forceful pull

callus

bulging deposit around the area of the break as a bone heals

closed fracture

broken bone with no open wound

comminuted fracture

bone is splintered or crushed into several pieces

compression fracture

occurs when the bone is pressed together on itself

crepitation

dry crackling sound or sensation due to grating of the ends of damaged bone

greenstick fracture

partial fracture - will bend on one side and break on the other; incomplete fracture

immobililzation

act of holding, suturing, or fastening a bone in a fixed position, usually with a bandage or cast

manipulation

attempted realignment of the bone

oblique fracture

broken bone that has an angular break diagonal to the long axis

physeal fracture

bone that is broken at the epiphyseal line or growth plate

spiral fracture

a fracture in which the bone has been twisted apart

transverse fracture

fracture line is at a right angle to the bone's long axis

amputation

a surgical removal of all or part of a limb

arthrodesis

fusion of a joint or the spinal vertebrae by surgical means

chemonucleolysis

process of dissolving part of the center of an intervertebral disc by injecting a foreign substance

craniotomy

a surgical opening through the skull

laminectomy

surgical removal of the dorsal arch of a vertebra

onychectomy

surgical removal of a claw

ostectomy

surgical removal of bone

osteocentesis

surgical puncture of the bone

osteoddesis

fusion of bones

osteopexy

surgical fixation of a bone to the body wall

osteoplasty

surgical repair of bone

osteostomy

surgical creation of a permanent new opening in bone

osteotomy

a surgical incision or sectioning of a bone

trephinatioin

process of cutting a hole into a bone using a trephine

trephine

a surgical instrument used to remove sections of bone from the skull

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